WHAT IS CHOLESTEROL?• Cholesterol is the Fatty substance found in certain foods as well as manufactured by body.• Important factor in formation of PLAQUE in the blood vessels.• Normal value – 200 mg/dl
LIPID PROFILE• Total Cholesterol• LDL (Bad Cholesterol)• HDL ( Good Cholesterol)• Tryglycerides
HDL• High density lipoproteins• Good cholesterol• Pick up cholesterol from blood & take them to liver to remove from body• Normal value – 60mg/dl or more• Protective for heart
LDL• Low density lipoproteins• Bad cholesterol• Carry more cholesterol & help them get deposited on the walls of arteries• Normal value – less than 100mg/dl• Not protective to heart
TRYGLYCERIDES• Free molecules in blood carrying Fats• Flow after meals in blood• Risky for women• Levels increase with diet high in calories ,sugar , alcohol, refined starches• Normal value – below 150mg/dl• Not good for heart
ONLY THESE VALUES ARE IMPORTANT ? NO!!!!COMBINE WITH THE RISK FACTORS….
PRECAUTIONS WHILE CHECKING LIPID PROFILE• Get it done from assured DOCTOR• Get the results verified from your Doctor• 9-12 hrs of fasting is required• Don’t get carried away with the numbers