Treatment for Coronary artery disease in India is performed under the guidance of expert cardiac surgeons. As more and more heart patients from all over the world are getting treatment for Coronary artery disease in India, various hospitals in Indian cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and New Delhi are coming up with cost effective Cardiac Rehabilitation Therapy packages that are exclusively designed for our international patients. Treatment for Coronary artery disease in India is performed under the supervision of extremely competent physicians and specialists who have a vast experience in the field of Cardiology. Also, its cost is approximately 1/5th to 1/10th of costs in the west.
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also called coronary heart disease, is a condition in which plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis (ATH-er-o-skler-O-sis).Plaque narrows the arteries and reduces blood flow to your heart muscle. It also makes it more likely that blood clots will form in your arteries. Blood clots can partially or completely block blood flow.
Symptoms of Coronary artery disease
A common symptom of Coronary artery disease (CAD) is angina. Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina may feel like pressure or a squeezing pain in your chest. You may also feel it in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. This pain tends to get worse with activity and go away when you rest. Emotional stress also can trigger the pain. Another common symptom of Coronary artery disease is shortness of breath. This symptom happens if Coronary artery disease causes heart failure. When you have heart failure, your heart can't pump enough blood throughout your body. Fluid builds up in our lungs, making it hard to breathe. The severity of these symptoms varies. The symptoms may get more severe as the buildup of plaque continues to narrow the coronary arteries.
Treatment options for Coronary artery disease
You may need a medical procedure to treat Coronary artery disease. Both angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting are used as treatments.
Coronary angioplasty is a medical procedure in which a balloon is used to open a blockage in a coronary (heart) artery narrowed by atherosclerosis. Coronary angioplasty improves blood flow to the heart. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which a material called plaque (plak) builds up on the inner walls of the arteries. This can happen in any artery, including the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart. When atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries, the condition is called Coronary artery disease (CAD).
Angioplasty is a common medical procedure. It may be used to:
• Improve symptoms of Coronary artery disease, such as angina and shortness of breath.
• Reduce damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when blood flow through a coronary artery is completely blocked. Angioplasty is used during a heart attack to open the blockage and restore blood flow through the artery.
• Reduce the risk of death in some patients.
Coronary artery bypass grafting
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart. It's used for people who have severe coronary heart disease (CHD), also called Coronary artery disease. CHD is a condition in which a substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Plaque can narrow or block the coronary arteries and reduce blood flow to the hea