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Treatment for Brain cancer in India is available at the best oncology hospitals of Mumbai and Bangalore. The oncology hospitals in India are equipped with advanced technical and surgical instruments essential for the treatment of brain cancer. A large number of patients come to India for the treatment of brain cancer and the number is increasing annually. Treatment for Brain cancer in India is performed by the most experienced oncologists of India.
What is Brain Cancer?
Brain cancer is abnormal growth of cells in the brain. Brain cancer and brain tumor are terms commonly used interchangeably. However, not all brain tumors are cancerous, and cancer is a term reserved for malignant tumors. Malignant tumors grow and spread aggressively, overpowering healthy cells by taking their space, blood, and nutrients. Malignant brain tumors can grow more rapidly, invading or destroying nearby brain tissue. Unlike cancer elsewhere in the body, primary malignant brain tumor rarely spread from the brain. Tumors that do not spread aggressively are called benign. Benign brain tumor usually grow slower, are easier to remove surgically (depending on their location), and less likely to recur than malignant brain tumors. Benign brain tumors don’t invade the surrounding normal brain or other nearby structures, but they can still place pressure on sensitive areas of the brain. A non-cancerous primary brain tumor is life threatening when it compromises vital structures (such as an artery).
Symptoms of Brain Cancer
Brain cancer may have a variety of symptoms ranging from headache to stroke. Symptoms that immediately raise the question of a brain tumor include a new seizure in an adult, gradual loss of movement or sensation in an arm or leg, hearing problems, unsteadiness or imbalance (especially if it is associated with headache), loss of vision in one or both eyes (especially if it is more peripheral vision loss), unexplained nausea or vomiting, double vision (especially if it is associated with headache), hearing loss with or without dizziness, and speech difficulty of gradual onset.
Headache: Headache is probably the most common symptom of a Brain cancer. Generally, individuals with headaches, even persistent or severe headaches, do not have a tumor; however, some kinds of headache may be particularly worrisome. A steady headache that is worse in the morning than the afternoon, a persistent headache that is associated with nausea or vomiting, or a headache accompanied by double vision, weakness, or numbness all suggest a possible tumor.
Behavioral changes: A change in behavior may also be caused by a brain tumor. The development of an "I don't care" attitude, memory loss, loss of concentration, and general confusion may all be subtle signs.
Hormonal changes: Infertility or amenorrhea (abnormal cessation of menstruation).
Treatment of Brain cancer
Treatment for brain tumor and survivability of Brain cancer depends on the type, size and location of the tumor, as well as the age and overall health of the patient.
Surgery: Surgery is the mainstay of brain tumor treatment, and involves removing as much of the tumor as possible while trying to minimize damage to healthy tissue. Some tumors can be removed completely, while others can be removed only partially or not at all. If a tumor is slow growing, doctors may not operate immediately.
If the tumor has resulted in a buildup of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus), a shunt may be inserted surgically. A shunt is a long, thin tube that's placed in the brain and then threaded under the skin to another part of the body, usually the abdomen. The tube allows excess fluid to be removed from the brain.
Radiation: Radiation therapy is an important part of the treatment for high-grade gliomas. In typical situations, patients begin radiation treatments within two to four weeks after tumor resection. Treatments are given daily, Monday through Friday for four to six weeks. Each treatment takes only a few minute