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Knee replacement in India is done with most advanced medical facilities in the world with specific programs carefully designed to attract international travelers. India has one of the best qualified professionals in each and every field, and this fact has now been realized the world over. Regarding Medical Facilities India has the most competent doctors and world class Medical Facilities. Orthopedic stabilization in India is readily available to get cured from long term serious orthopedic injuries. Availing health tours to India for Knee replacement provides you low cost health recuperation and tourism vacationing.
Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Knee replacement can relieve pain and allow you to be more active. Your doctor may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not helping you anymore.
When you have a total knee replacement, the surgeon removes damaged cartilage and bone from the surface of your knee joint and replaces them with a man-made surface of metal and plastic. In a partial knee replacement, the surgeon only replaces one part of your knee joint. The surgery can cause scarring, blood clots and, rarely, infections. After a knee replacement, you will no longer be able to do certain activities, such as jogging and high-impact sports.
Indications for Knee replacement:
Knee replacement surgery is most commonly performed in people with advanced osteoarthritis. It should be considered when conservative treatments have been exhausted. Physical therapy has been shown to improve function and may delay or prevent the need for knee replacement.
Pre-operative preparation for Knee replacement:
Knee replacement is major surgery. Before the surgery is performed, pre-operative tests are done: usually a complete blood count, electrolytes, APTT, and PT to measure blood clotting, chest X-ray, ECG and blood cross-matching for possible transfusion. Accurate X-rays of the affected knee are needed to measure the size of components which will be needed. Medications such as warfarin and aspirin will be stopped some days before surgery to reduce the amount of bleeding. Patients may be admitted on the day of surgery if the pre-op work-up is done in the pre-anesthetic clinic or may come into hospital one or more days before surgery.
Technique involve in Knee replacement:
The knee replacement surgery involves exposure of the front of the knee, with detachment of part of the quadriceps muscle from the patella. The patella is displaced to one side of the joint allowing exposure of the distal end of the femur and the proximal end of the tibia. The ends of these bones are then accurately cut to shape using cutting guides oriented to the long axis of the bones. The cartilages and the anterior cruciate ligament are removed: the posterior cruciate ligament may also be removed but the tibial and fibular collateral ligaments are preserved. Metal components are then impacted onto the bone or fixed using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement. A round ended implant is used for the femur, mimicking the natural shape of the bone. On the tibia the component is flat, although it often has a stem which goes down inside the bone for further stability. A flattened or slightly dished high density polyethylele surface is then inserted onto the tibial component so that the weight is transferred metal to plastic not metal to metal. During the operation any deformities must be corrected, and the ligaments balanced so that the knee has a good range of movement and is stable. In some cases the articular surface of the patella is also removed and replaced by a polyethylene button cemented to the posterior surface of the patella. In other cases, the patella is replaced unaltered.
Why to consider India?
Knee replacement in India is done by the most qualified and experienced surgeon’s at the most comfortable and luxurious hospital for less than a fifth of the pr