Be the first to like this
Patients from abroad can avail Lung cancer surgery in India at excellent hospitals of Mumbai under best cancer surgeons of India having a vast experience in treating abroad patients. Lung Cancer surgery in India can involve surgical removal of the cancer, chemotherapy or radiation therapy as well as combinations of these treatments. The decision about which treatments will be appropriate for a given individual must take into account the location and extent of the tumor as well as the overall health status of the patient. Indian hospitals have separate department for cancer surgery and they are equipped with state-of-the-art technology coupled with all the modern amenities.
What is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer or bronchogenic arcinoma, a life threatening disease, is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both of the lungs. While normal lung tissue cells reproduce and develop into healthy lung tissue, these abnormal cells reproduce rapidly and never grow into normal lung tissue. As a result, lump mass known as a tumor are formed, disrupting the lungs and making it difficult to function properly. Tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign tumors may grow causing discomfort and bleeding, but they do not spread to other parts of the body and can be removed. Malignant tumors grow aggressively, spread into other areas of the body and destroy normal tissue. Usually Lung cancer develops within the wall or epithelium of the bronchial tree. But it can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system. Lung cancer mostly affects people between the age of 55 and 65 and often takes many years to develop. Once it occurs, cancer cells can break away and may spread to the lymph nodes or other tissues in the chest, including the lung opposite to where it originated. It may also spread to other organs of the body, such as the bones, brain or liver.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer in its early stage and sometimes even later may not cause any signs and symptoms. In its advanced stage, the cancer cells interfere with normal lung function. The symptoms associated with Lung cancer can result from the original tumor or from tumors that have spread to other organs. The cancer can usually be identified incidentally when a chest x-ray is performed for another reason.
Common signs and symptoms of Lung cancer are:
• A cough that does not go away and gets worse over time
• Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) or bloody mucus.
• Chest, shoulder, or back pain that doesn't go away and often is made worse by deep
• Weight loss and loss of appetite
• Increase in volume of sputum
• Shortness of breath
• Repeated respiratory infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia
• repeated problems with pneumonia or bronchitis
• fatigue and weakness
• new onset of wheezing
• swelling of the neck and face
• Clubbing of the fingers and toes. The nails appear to bulge out more than normal.
• Some patients may have paraneoplastic syndromes which are caused by biologically active substances that are secreted by the tumor.
Lung Cancer Surgery
Surgical removal of the tumor is generally performed for limited-stage (stage I or sometimes stage II) NSCLC and is the treatment of choice for Lung cancer that has not spread beyond the lung. About 10%-35% of Lung cancers can be removed surgically, but removal does not always result in a cure, since the tumors may already have spread and can recur at a later time. Among people who have an isolated, slow-growing lung cancer removed, 25%-40% are still alive for five years after diagnosis. Surgery may not be possible if the cancer is too close to the trachea or if the person has other serious conditions (such as severe heart or lung disease) that would limit their ability to tolerate an operation. Surgery is less often performed with SCLC because these tumors are less likely to be localized to one area that can be removed.