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Skin cancer surgery in India is available at various cancer hospitals performed under expert oncologists and skin specialists. Due to direct exposure to the sun's rays over 80% percent of skin cancers appear on the head, neck and lips. Some cancers such as skin cancer can leave severe disfigurations. When these occur on visible areas of the body such as the face, neck, arms or hands skin cancer surgery is often an option to help the patient recoup a more normal appearance and lifestyle. Skin cancer surgery in India is done by high quality and hypo allergic pharmacological treatments with standard and state of the art equipments for treatment of acute and chronic skin problems. Abroad patients prefer India for skin cancer surgery as they get the best results without any hassle.
What is Skin Cancer?
Cancer that forms in tissues of the skin is called Skin cancer. There are several types of Skin cancer. Skin cancer that forms in melanocytes (skin cells that make pigment) is called melanoma. Skin cancer that forms in basal cells (small, round cells in the base of the outer layer of skin) is called basal cell carcinoma. Skin cancer that forms in squamous cells (flat cells that form the surface of the skin) is called squamous cell carcinoma. Skin cancer that forms in neuroendocrine cells (cells that release hormones in response to signals from the nervous system) is called neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Most skin cancers form in older people on parts of the body exposed to the sun or in people who have weakened immune systems.
Symptoms of Skin Cancer
The main symptom of Skin cancer include crabs or changes in the skin which does not heal or ulcers in the skin, discoloration of skin and visible changes in previously existing moles.
• In the case of the basal cell carcinoma generally a raised, smooth, pearly bump on the skin of the head, neck or shoulders is visible. Sometimes crusting and bleeding in the centre of the tumor also develops.
• In the case of Squamous cell carcinoma a thick patch develops red in colour. Ulcers and bleeding can also develop.
• The melanomas have brown or black coloured lesions. The signs of malignant melanoma include a change in size, shape, colour or elevation in the pre existing mole.
Surgical procedure for Skin Cancer
The most common treatment for Skin cancer is just to have the cancer removed. This is called an excision biopsy. The cancer needs to be removed with a border of healthy tissue all around it. The 'healthy' tissue border will be examined under the microscope to make sure it doesn't contain any cancer cells. If it does, you may need further surgery. Other types of surgery to diagnose and treat Skin cancer include;
• Curettage and electrocautery - Scraping the cancer cells away then treating the area with an electric needle to kill any remaining cancer cells.
• Cryosurgery - Using extreme cold to remove the cancer.
• Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) - A specialist technique removing a little tissue at a time. It will help you keep as much healthy skin as possible.
• Wide local excision -This is done if your skin cancer was not completely removed at biopsy. It means taking away the remains of the skin cancer plus a safety margin of normal skin. It is not usually a big operation. If a large area of skin has to be removed, you may need a skin graft to repair the area.
• Lymph node surgery - If any of your lymph nodes are found to have cancer cells, you will then have an operation to remove them. This is rarely necessary. It can be quite a big operation. The type of surgery you have will depend on where your skin cancer was in your body.
Recovery time for Skin Cancer Surgery
After Skin cancer surgery, the bandages typically remain in place for 24 hours after which they may be removed and normal bathing activities may resume. Surgeon will give you specific instructions on the care of your wound. Sutures are typically removed 5-10 days after the s