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CI199 Lesson 6


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  • 1. Lesson 6Citing Sources & Plagiarism
    Introduction to College Research
    Instructor: Amber Burtis
  • 2. Questions Answered in this Lesson
    Why do we need to cite sources?
    What is plagiarism?
    How can I be sure that I don’t plagiarize?
    What is SIUC’s policy on plagiarism?
    What are quoting and paraphrasing?
    What are the three main citation styles and for which academic disciplines are they used?
    How do I read and write citations?
    What are the different parts of a citation?
  • 3. About the Source for this Lesson
    The following slides about citing, plagiarism, paraphrasing, and quoting and are all based, with permission, directly on information from This web site is an excellent source for further information. For more information see:
  • 4. Whatis a Citation?
    A “citation” is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your paper came from another source. It also gives them the information necessary to find that source again, including:
    information about the author
    the title of the work
    the name and location of the publisher
    the date it was published
    the page numbers of the material you are borrowing
  • 5. When Do I Need to Cite?
    Whenever you use quotes
    Whenever you paraphrase
    Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
    Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
    Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas. 
  • 6. Why Do You Need to Cite Sources?
    There are two reasons:
    Citing your sources gives proper credit to the authors of the work you used and
    It allows others to go back and locate the sources you used to write your paper.
    If you don’t cite your sources, then you are, even if it is inadvertent, passing the work of others off as your own. This is called plagiarism.
  • 7. What is Plagiarism?
    All of the following are considered plagiarism:
    turning in someone else’s work as your own
    copying words or ideas without giving credit
    failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
    giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
    changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
    copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not
    Attention! Changing the words of an original source is not sufficient to prevent plagiarism. If you have retained the essential idea of an original source, and have not cited it, then no matter how drastically you may have altered its context or presentation, you have still plagiarized.
  • 8. Steps to Avoid Plagiarism
    If you are worried about plagiarizing here are some things you can do: 
    Plan your paper (formulate your own original argument or statement and then figure out how you’ll integrate the information from your sources)
    Take effective notes (write down the citation information for all your sources as you find them) 
    If you don’t know whether or not to cite something, just cite it
    Know how to quote and paraphrase your sources
    Consult with your instructor
  • 9. What is Quoting?
    • Quoting is when you take the exact words from an original source and put quotation marks around it.
    • 10. Quote only when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make.
    • 11. If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.
  • How Often Should I Quote?
    Quote as infrequently as possible. You never want your essay to become a series of connected quotations, because that leaves little room for your own ideas.
    Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient (but remember that you still have to cite them!). If you think it’s important to quote something, an excellent rule of thumb is that for every line you quote, you should have at least two lines analyzing it.
  • 12. Paraphrasing
    A paraphrase is when you put someone else’s ideas into your own words.
    Keep in mind:
    You must change the structure of the original sentence
    You can’t just change the words of a sentence to synonyms
    You still must cite the source you are paraphrasing
    You add credibility to your paper by including paraphrases
  • 13. SIUC’s Student Code of Conduct
    Plagiarism is punishable under the Student Code of Conduct. This is part of the Code defining academic dishonesty:
    Plagiarizing or representing the work of another as one’s own work;
    Preparing work for another that is to be used as that person’s own work;
    Cheating by any method or means…..
  • 14. Types of Citation Styles
    Below are the most popular citation styles. In parenthesis is the discipline with which that style is mainly used:
    APA (Social Sciences)
    Chicago (Humanities, especially History)
    MLA (Humanities, especially Languages & Literature)
  • 15. Try this Tutorial
    Click into this tutorial and put the knowledge you just gained to the test.
  • 16. Reading a Citation
    You will be using APA for your final project so we will focus on reading APA citations, but you can find examples of Chicago and MLA citations in the handouts I gave you on the first day of class.
    Let’s take this example…..
  • 17. Parts of the APA Citation
    The color coding below should help you differentiate the parts of the APA citation. For help with your final project see:
    Du, J. (2009). Economic reforms and health insurance in China. Social Science & Medicine, 69(1), 387-395. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.014
    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. doi:0000000/000000000000
  • 18. Putting it All Together
    You should have at least 10 sources for your final project (from the homework assignments you turned into me).
    Now all you need to do is find another 10 sources and put all 20 into APA citations for your annotated bibliography.
    See the final project guidelines on the course homepage for more details and start putting your final project together.