Discovering and MappingYour Community NeedsMark A. Carrozza, MAHealth Foundation of Greater CincinnatiJené Grandmont, MAHealthLandscape
Outline Who are we and what do we care about? How can data help us? What are different types of data? Examples Demographics American Community Survey Census Bureau Health ChildStats.gov Ohio Chartbook National Survey of Children‟s Health
Who are We?What do we care about?Data DemocratizationReducing the distance betweendata producers and data users
Outline Who are we and what do we care about? How can data help us?
How Can Data Help Us? Family stories give a face and heart to needs. Data expands family stories to inform policy debatesand drive change.“At the end of the day, people change or supportchange for emotional reasons. Data helps them thenrationalize their decisions.”
Uses of Data Identifying/documenting needs How many children in your state have what needs? How do needs vary across states and why? How do needs vary across subgroups of children withinand across states and why? How does data support your assumptions or what you rehearing from the field (providers, families, otheragencies)? How is need changing over time? What is happening in one‟s own „backyard‟?
Uses of DataBuilding partnerships What partners could use this data: Public Programs,Health plans, Hospitals, Providers, community groups,faith based organizations? How can you share data to support common efforts,improve care?
Uses of Data Educating policymakers What are key policy issues for your initiative ? What programs or groups need what information? What data could help them learn about child healthneeds?
Uses of Data Advocacy Are there key pressure points in program budgets orpriorities coming up? What methods would be most effective in presenting yourcase? How could you use data in Fact Sheets, Testimony, themedia, along with family stories?
Uses of Data Grant writing How can you use data to strengthen your proposal? Program evaluation Are you reaching your target population? How effective are your services?
Outline Who are we and what do we care about? How can data help us? What are different types of data?
Types of Data Data about people Demographics Race, Ethnicity, Age, Gender Health needs and health status Physical health, conditions, oral health Knowledge, attitudes or practices Use of services Health care, WIC, Headstart
Types of Data Data about Communities Aggregate characteristics of the population % low income % school success Neighborhood assets Social connectivity Availability of food Recreational opportunities Child care Neighborhood challenges Pollution Crime
Types of Data Raw data Actual survey responses Requires statistical knowledge Requires computing resources Administrative Records / EMR / HER Interactive data Websites designed to provide basic summaries of data Can interactively query the data. Limited in types and extent of askable questions
Evaluation Criteria – Accuracy Is the information reliable and error-free? Is there an editor or someone who verifies/checks theinformation?Assessing Online Data
Evaluation Criteria – Authority Is there an author? Is the page signed? Is the author qualified? An expert? Who is the sponsor? Is the sponsor of the page reputable? How reputable? Is there a link to information about the author or thesponsor? If the page includes neither a signature nor indicates asponsor, is there any other way to determine its origin?Assessing Online Data
Evaluation Criteria – Objectivity Does the information show a minimum of bias? Is the page designed to sway opinion? Is there any advertising on the page?Assessing Online Data
Evaluation Criteria – Currency Is the page dated? If so, when was the last update? How current are the links? Have some links expired or been moved?Assessing Online Data
Evaluation Criteria – Coverage What topics are covered? What does this page offer that is not found elsewhere? What is its intrinsic value? How in-depth is the material?Assessing Online Data
The Good U.S. Census Bureau www.census.gov Centers for Disease Control www.cdc.gov/brfss www.cdc.gov/nchs Bureau of Economic Analysis www.bea.gov Bureau of Labor Statistics www.bls.gov Federal Bureau of Investigation www.fbi.gov
The Good Hamilton County Public Health http://www.hamiltoncountyhealth.org/en/index.html OASIS www.oasisdataarchive.org Community Research Collaborative www.crc.uc.edu HealthLandscape www.HealthLandscape.org UDS Mapper www.UDSMapper.org
The Bad Static sites Counter-intuitive interfaces Ohio Department of Education Poorly managed & updated sites ALWAYS ASK: WHY has this group made thesedata available?
Outline Who are we and what do we care about? How can data help us? What are different types of data? Examples Local Data Resources National Sources
Local Data Sources Facts Matter http://www.crc.uc.edu/FACTSMATTER/index.htm Central Ohio Data Tools http://www.communityresearchpartners.org/datatools/ Northeast Ohio Community and Neighborhood Datafor Organizing http://neocando.case.edu/
National Source of Local data http://www.data.gov/ http://www.census.gov http://nces.ed.gov/ http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/ http://healthindicators.gov/ http://www2.epa.gov/open/data-inventory-and-activities http://www.huduser.org/portal/datasets/pdrdatas.html http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/ http://www.HealthLandscape.org
About HealthLandscape Need for better decisions in healthcare i.e. datadriven decisions Developed by The Health Foundation of GreaterCincinnati and the Robert Graham Center (AmericanAcademy of Family Physicians Public Launch: Dec, 2008 Updated Version: October, 2011
“If a picture is worth a thousand words…a map is worth a thousand pictures”Maps visualize both space and time in a single imageWhat is GIS?
What is GIS? Geographic Information Systems Enables users to visualize and process data in newways “a system for input, storage, processing, andretrieval of spatial data”
What is Spatial Data? Spatial Data is information about the locations andshapes of Geographic Features Types of Geograpic Features Points Polygons Lines Spatial data also includes associated data records
How does the Process Work?1. Collect and compile map layers2. Build a database3. Use GIS functionality to provide information forunderstanding or solving a problem
How do Maps Convey Information? Maps use Symbols to convey information Symbols are based on the attribute values attached toeach geographic feature Points Shape Color Outline Polygons Fill Color Fill Pattern Boundaries Lines Width Color