What is bullying? Bullying is a specific type of aggression in which the behavior is intended to harm or disturb the behavior occurs repeatedly over time there is an imbalance of power, with a more powerful person or group attacking a less powerful one
Statistics 1 in 4 kids is bullied 77% of student say they have been bullied 14% reacted badly to the abuse 85% of bullying incidents are not intervened upon Only 4% of incidents are intervened upon by adults
Victims Bullies Depression Anxiety Loneliness Low self-esteem Suicidal (Limber 2002) Impulsive Lack of empathy Nonconformist Positive attitudes toward violence More likely to fight, steal, smoke, drink alcohol, be truant, drop out of school, and carry a weapon (Olweus 1993, Nansel et al. 2001, 2003)
Professions Curriculum Developers Students School personnel Teachers Administrators Counselors Law makers Social workers
Implications for health promotion and program planning Discrimination Bias language and prejudice Bully and victim Cyberbullying Suicide Dating violence Sexting
CNN Special on Bullying http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2010/bullying/
Questions How can we decrease incidences of bullying? What can be done about cyberbullying? Alternate question: review one of the articles on CNN. Post the link on Blackboard, and discuss the implications of the story on anti-bullying program planning.
References Abell JC. “Three cheers for the Lori Drew acquittal, but not for Drew.” July 3, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/epicenter/2009/07/three-cheers-for-the-lori-drew-acquittal-but-not-for-drew/ Eckholm E, Zezima K. “Strategies take shape for trials in bully case.” The New York Times. September 15, 2010. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/16/us/16bully.html Langman P. “Columbine, bullying, and the mind of Eric Harris.” Psychology Today. May 20, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keeping-kids-safe/200905/columbine-bullying-and-the-mind-eric-harris Limber, S. P. (2002). Addressing youth bullying behaviors. Proceedings from the American Medical Association Educational Forum on Adolescent Health: Youth Bullying. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association. Retrieved August 12, 2005, from www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/39/ youthbullying.pdf. MassLive.com. “Massachusetts anti-bullying bill, passed in response to suicides of Phoebe Prince and Carl Walker-Hoover, touted as ‘gold standard’” Retrieved from ’ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2010/05/massachusetts_anti-bullying_bi.html Nansel, T. Overpeck, M., Pilla, R.S., Ruan, W.J., Simmons-Morton, B. Schmidt, P. (2001). Bullying behaviors among US youth. Journal of American Medical Association, 285, 2094-2100. Olweus, D. (1993).Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Inc. Poteat, V., & DiGiovanni, C. (2010). When Biased Language Use is Associated With Bullying and Dominance Behavior: The Moderating Effect of Prejudice. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 39(10), 1123-1133. doi:10.1007/s10964-010-9565-y. Stop Bullying Now! http://www.stopbullyingnow.hrsa.gov/kids/