Gamification: A Wayto Hook Digital Natives Deborah Healey American English Institute/Dept. of Linguistics University of Or...
Agenda  What’s a game? What’s gamification?  Gamifying education  Game mechanics  Classroom applications  What can yo...
Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words E! www.manythings.o...
Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words A?N?M? T! L! www.ma...
Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words B! www.manythings.o...
Thumbs up/down An crossword puzzle about clothing http://www.eslprintables.com/vocabulary_worksheets/clothes/clothes_cross...
Thumbs up/down Finding information in a reading to use in solving a puzzle   Short mysteries, online or printed     http:/...
Thumbs up/down Decoding a paragraph where therearenospacesbetweenthewords www.textivate.com                     © 2013 D. ...
Classroom activities We’ll talk about gamifying these later    Responding   to questions about a 10-minute     video clip...
What’s with “gamification”?  2009:  No news articles   about gamification  2011: 27 news stories,   5 on education  201...
Games vs. gamification They’re not the same               © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
Poll  Have you heard of gamification?  Can you define it?  Please turn to your neighbor and talk   about what you know ...
What’s a game? A    system with rules, some sort of    challenge, feedback of some sort,    interaction, fun, and often w...
Gamification??  Gamification              is adding elements of  games and gaming to regular activities  that we may not ...
Kapp, 2012: Elements  Game   mechanics – levels, points and   scoring, badges, and time constraints  Game thinking – com...
Why do we care?  Demographics      Digital natives  Engagement  Extrinsic => intrinsic motivation  It’s our world    ...
Game mechanics www.gamification.org                   © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
Teachers use these  Cascading Information Theory –  breaking up information into bits      Curriculum in teaching  Achi...
More that we use now  Points – giving numerical value for   actions      Grades in teaching  Loss   Aversion – avoiding...
What we could add  Countdown–  having only a certain  amount of time to do something    Homework,        tests, activiti...
What we could add  Progression        – gradual success,  made visible    Chart    of reading speed, other  Ownership– ...
Project/task-based learning  Blissful          productivity – joy in work  Discovery/Exploration       “Explorers”  Ep...
What could you do?Let’s look back…             © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
Game mechanics  Hangman     in pairs    Countdown,behavioral momentum (“flow”),    community collaboration  Crossword  ...
 Responding to questions about a 10- minute video clip   Gamify: add points, teamwork, student-    generated questions [...
 Highlighting   the transition words in a reading   Gamify:teamwork, challenge, points,    achievement Doing a workbook...
 Doing a presentation about a favorite vacation or writing a compare/contrast paragraph   Ownership;   epic meaning if s...
Your ideas?  Doyou gamify already?  Could you gamify more?  What could you do?              © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@u...
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Gamification in ELT Healey

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  • Poll – how many of you have heard of gamification? Could you define it? Please turn to your neighbor and explain the difference?
  • a system with rules, some sort of challenge, feedback of some sort, interaction, and fun. An emotional response is part of many definitions of a game as well – players get caught up in the game.
  • Aesthetics may not be so much part of teachers’ use of games, but it can be
  • Why has this become so popular? One reason is demographic – today’s digital natives aren’t patient people. We can say that they should learn by studying hard, and that’s true. We want to encourage intrinsic motivation to learn. But we know that engagement is a critical factor in learning, and engagement can encourage intrinsic motivation to emerge. By adding game elements – gamifying lessons – we can tap into our learners’ way of being in the world. And it’s not that hard to do. It’s being done in business routinely – frequent flyer programs, bank rewards cards, and more
  • Gamification.org suggests 24 game mechanics, several of which teachers may already incorporate or could relatively easily add to their lessons
  • Cascading Information Theory – breaking up information into bits so that each bit can be effectively learned; not getting all the information at once. We do this all the time; it’s called curriculum.
     Achievements – where learners have accomplished something, and they know it. These may be made visible in a variety of ways. Teachers tend to do this a lot with their learners. Game theory calls those who are greatly motivated by achievement relative to others “Achievers” or “Killers.” Both need to know that they’re better than others, but the latter (“Killers”) want to have more power than others or power over others. Good teachers try to channel this desire for control into helping others. Sometimes it works.
     Community Collaboration – working together to solve a problem or do a task. We call it “group work” in teaching. In game theory, “Socializers” are especially motivated by this. Women are more likely to be socializers and motivated by collaboration than young men, particularly “Achievers” and “Killers.”
  • Points – giving numerical value for actions. We call them grades. We tend not to give points to a group or for routine activities, but we could.
     Loss Aversion – not getting a reward, but avoiding punishment. Grading is often how teachers implement this.
     Behavioral Momentum – the tendency of people who are doing something to keep doing it. This works in tandem with what SCVNGR calls Fun Once, Fun Always – activities that remain enjoyable, even with repetition. Classroom routines would fall into this category.
  • If you don’t do it already… Countdown – having only a certain (generally short) amount of time to do something. As the deadline approaches, there is more activity on the part of players/learners. While we routinely include this with homework and tests, it’s also something that could be incorporated within a classroom lesson to gamify just about anything. The key is making sure that everyone can succeed sometime.
     Levels – gaining more points leads to more or different rewards. If we changed grading so that learners started from zero points and added more, we would be doing something like this. A very interesting idea!
  • If you don’t do it already…Progression – gradual success, typically via completing a series of tasks; the key is that progress is visual in some way. A chart of reading speed might be one example of this. It’s something that language teaching doesn’t always do well. Learners often don’t know where they are in their move toward language acquisition.
     Ownership – feeling that you control something. Having learners publish their work to a broader audience can give this sense, as can giving learners more autonomy in choosing topics and tasks in the classroom.
  • Blissful Productivity – the idea that people like working hard and feeling productive. It’s not work for its own sake, but the sense of productivity that makes this powerful. Task-based learning often exemplifies this.
     Discovery/Exploration – people like certain kinds of surprises. Some learners are especially motivated by discovery. Game theory calls these people “explorers.”
     Epic Meaning – the sense of accomplishing something big, like saving a world. Language teachers can approach this by having learners do projects that go outside the classroom and that have a large external audience.
     Quests/Challenges – overcoming obstacles, either alone or with a team. Project- and task-based learning can use this. It’s another way of visualizing progress.
     Virality – a game or task that works better with many people. Project-based learning is often characterized by team work.
  • Highlighting the transition words in a reading: Turn it into a game – teamwork, challenge, points, achievement (all correct)
    Doing a presentation about a favorite vacation: Ownership, especially with own pictures; epic meaning if shared on slideshare; points with a rubric; possibly a team effort; progression if learners see that their presentations are getting longer over time or the task is broken into steps
  • Group discussion
  • Gamify to meet learner needs, expectations; motivate because everyone likes games of some sort
    Have game thinking and you can gamify just about anything
  • Gamification in ELT Healey

    1. 1. Gamification: A Wayto Hook Digital Natives Deborah Healey American English Institute/Dept. of Linguistics University of Oregon http://www.deborahhealey.com
    2. 2. Agenda  What’s a game? What’s gamification?  Gamifying education  Game mechanics  Classroom applications  What can you do? © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    3. 3. Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words E! www.manythings.org/hmf/hm-clothes.html © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    4. 4. Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words A?N?M? T! L! www.manythings.org/hmf/hm-clothes.html © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    5. 5. Which ones are games? Thumbs up for yes, thumbs down for no Hangman with this month’s vocabulary words B! www.manythings.org/hmf/hm-clothes.html © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    6. 6. Thumbs up/down An crossword puzzle about clothing http://www.eslprintables.com/vocabulary_worksheets/clothes/clothes_crossword/Clothes_crossword_20108 / © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    7. 7. Thumbs up/down Finding information in a reading to use in solving a puzzle Short mysteries, online or printed http://www.squidoo.com/minutemysteries http://www.5minutemystery.com © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    8. 8. Thumbs up/down Decoding a paragraph where therearenospacesbetweenthewords www.textivate.com © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    9. 9. Classroom activities We’ll talk about gamifying these later  Responding to questions about a 10-minute video clip  Memorizing vocabulary for a weekly quiz  Highlighting the transition words in a reading  Doing a workbook exercise about the past tense  Doing a presentation about a favorite vacation  Writing a compare/contrast paragraph. © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    10. 10. What’s with “gamification”?  2009: No news articles about gamification  2011: 27 news stories, 5 on education  2013 – 2 months: 275 and 38  308,000 Google hits for “gamification in education” © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    11. 11. Games vs. gamification They’re not the same © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    12. 12. Poll  Have you heard of gamification?  Can you define it?  Please turn to your neighbor and talk about what you know about gamification. © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    13. 13. What’s a game? A system with rules, some sort of challenge, feedback of some sort, interaction, fun, and often with an emotional response. (from many authors) © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    14. 14. Gamification??  Gamification is adding elements of games and gaming to regular activities that we may not normally think of as games.  Business  Training  Education © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    15. 15. Kapp, 2012: Elements  Game mechanics – levels, points and scoring, badges, and time constraints  Game thinking – competition, cooperation, exploration, and storytelling elements added to an everyday activity  Aesthetics – a visually or otherwise interesting environment that creates a different “feel” to the activity (pp.9-11) © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    16. 16. Why do we care?  Demographics  Digital natives  Engagement  Extrinsic => intrinsic motivation  It’s our world © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    17. 17. Game mechanics www.gamification.org © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    18. 18. Teachers use these  Cascading Information Theory – breaking up information into bits  Curriculum in teaching  Achievements– where learners have accomplished something relative to others  “Achievers” – I’m better than others  Community Collaboration – working together to solve a problem or do a task.  Group work in teaching  “Socializers” Images from http://www.gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    19. 19. More that we use now  Points – giving numerical value for actions  Grades in teaching  Loss Aversion – avoiding punishment  Grading, often  Behavioral Momentum – the tendency to keep doing something  Fun Once, Fun Always – classroom routines Images from http://www.gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    20. 20. What we could add  Countdown– having only a certain amount of time to do something  Homework, tests, activities  Levels – more points = more rewards  Start at 0 and add points to grades  Penny Arcade video www.penny-arcade.com/patv/episode/gamifying-education Images from http://www.gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    21. 21. What we could add  Progression – gradual success, made visible  Chart of reading speed, other  Ownership– control of something  Publishing, learner choices Images from http://www.gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    22. 22. Project/task-based learning  Blissful productivity – joy in work  Discovery/Exploration  “Explorers”  Epic meaning – doing something big  Projects outside the classroom, audience  Quests/Challenges – overcoming obstacles  Virality – working with others Images from http://www.gamification.org/wiki/Game_Mechanics © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    23. 23. What could you do?Let’s look back… © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    24. 24. Game mechanics  Hangman in pairs  Countdown,behavioral momentum (“flow”), community collaboration  Crossword puzzle  Gamify:countdown, community collaboration, points, achievement  Finding information in a reading  Discovery, challenge, achievement © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    25. 25.  Responding to questions about a 10- minute video clip  Gamify: add points, teamwork, student- generated questions [ownership]  Use a student-created video [epic meaning, ownership, challenge, achievement] Memorizing vocabulary for a weekly quiz  Gamify:teamwork, challenge, points with flashcards, progress on a chart © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    26. 26.  Highlighting the transition words in a reading  Gamify:teamwork, challenge, points, achievement Doing a workbook exercise about the past tense  Gamify: countdown, teamwork, challenge, points, achievement  Ownership if they make their own questions © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    27. 27.  Doing a presentation about a favorite vacation or writing a compare/contrast paragraph  Ownership; epic meaning if shared online; points with a rubric; possibly a team effort  Progression – presentations/essays getting longer, check off steps for the task © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    28. 28. Your ideas?  Doyou gamify already?  Could you gamify more?  What could you do? © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    29. 29. Recap  Why gamify?  Motivation  Teachers gamify a lot already  Game thinking  Competition, cooperation, exploration, storytelling elements added to an everyday activity  Try it and see © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu
    30. 30. Q&A Thanks! dhealey@uoregon.edu http://www.deborahhealey.com sites.google.com/site/gamificationforelteachers/ © 2013 D. Healey, dhealey@uoregon.edu

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