Loto.ppt

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Loto.ppt

  1. 1. Energy Control Procedures Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR 1910.147 Georgia Tech Research Institute
  2. 2. Standard & Subpart: 1910. Most Frequently Cited Serious Violations in General Industry FY 2006 Machine Guards - General 212(a)(1) - O 1200(e)(1) - Z 212(a)(3)(ii) - O Hazard Communication – Written Program Point of Operation 1418 1155 733 Open-Sided Floors 689 23(c)(1) - D Hazard Communication – Information & Training 1200(h)(1) - Z 151(c) - K 147(c)(1) - J 215(b)(9) - O 147(c)(4)(i) - J 305(b)(1) - S 645 Eye & Body Flushing Facilities Lockout/Tagout - Program 589 572 Grinders-Tongue Guards Lockout/Tagout - Procedures 564 556 Conductors Entering Cabinets/Boxes/Fittings Protected from Abrasion 522 Note: There were also 1222 Section 5(a)(1) General Duty Clause violations cited for all inspections during this period. 2
  3. 3. Subpart J - General Environmental Controls (1910.141 - 147) Lockout/Tagout - Program 572 147(c)(1) Lockout/Tagout - Procedures 556 147(c)(4)(i) Lockout/Tagout - Training 448 Standard: 1910. 147(c)(7)(i) Lockout/Tagout procedure - Periodic inspection 342 147(c)(6)(i) Lockout/Tagout - Content of energy control procedures 147(c)(4)(ii) 188 3
  4. 4. What is covered?   Servicing and maintenance Normal production operations where:  Employees by-pass guard(s)  Employees place any part of their body in a hazardous area When you are training it is important to cover the relationship between Subpart O-Machine Guarding and Lockout Tagout!!
  5. 5. What is not covered? Construction, agriculture, and maritime  Normal production operations (subpart O)  Cord-and-plug under the control of employee (written procedure still required)  Exposure to electrical conductors (subpart S and electrical safety-related work practices) 
  6. 6. Locked Out?????????
  7. 7. Energy types Electrical  Mechanical  Hydraulic  Pneumatic  Chemical  Thermal  Other 
  8. 8. Lockout vs. Tagout  If capable of being locked out:  Prefer lockout  Tags allowed, if employer can demonstrate FULL EMPLOYEE PROTECTION  Machine Modifications  If you alter a machine you must make the machine capable of accepting a lock.
  9. 9. Full employee protection? Tags attached at the same location as locks  Full compliance with all tagout provisions in 29 CFR 1910.147  Additional means when necessary (e.g. removal of a valve handle) 
  10. 10. Definitions Affected employee  Authorized employee  Capable of being locked out  Energy isolating device  Servicing and/or maintenance 
  11. 11. Servicing and maintenance includes: Setting up  Adjusting  Inspecting  Modifying  Installing 
  12. 12. Lockout/tagout requirements Written program which includes specific written procedures  Training of employees (not just maintenance!)  Periodic review of procedures 
  13. 13. Written lockout/tagout procedure (Equipment Specific Procedures)  Clearly and specifically outline  Scope  Purpose  Authorization  Rules, techniques for control of energy
  14. 14. Lockout procedure (cont.)  Clearly and specifically outline:  Means to enforce compliance including: Intended use of procedure  Specific procedural steps  Specific testing requirements 
  15. 15. Documentation exceptions: Machine has no potential for stored energy  Machine has a single energy source  Isolation of that source will completely deenergize  Machine is isolated and locked out during maintenance 
  16. 16. Documentation exceptions (cont.) A single lockout device will achieve locked-out condition  Lockout device under exclusive control of employee  Maintenance does not create hazard to others  No previous accidents involving unexpected energization on this equipment 
  17. 17. Energy control procedure         Notification of employees Preparation for shutdown Machine or equipment shutdown Machine or equipment isolation Lockout/tagout device application Stored energy Verification of isolation Release from lockout/tagout
  18. 18. Equipment Specific Procedures
  19. 19. Lockout procedure – Step 1  NOTIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES  Before controls are applied, and before they are removed
  20. 20. Lockout procedure – Step 2  PREPARATION FOR SHUTDOWN  Knowledge of the type and magnitude of energy and methods to control energy
  21. 21. Lockout procedure – Step 3  MACHINE OR EQUIPMENT SHUTDOWN  Orderly shutdown to avoid increased hazard
  22. 22. Lockout procedure – Step 4  MACHINE OR EQUIPMENT ISOLATION  All energy isolation devices located and operated to isolate machine
  23. 23. Line breaking: Means the intentional opening of a pipe, line, or duct that is or has been carrying flammable, corrosive, or toxic material, an inert gas, or any fluid at a volume, pressure, or temperature capable of causing injury
  24. 24. Line blanking or blinding: Means the absolute closure of a pipe, line, or duct by fastening of a solid plate that completely covers the bore and that is capable of withstanding the maximum pressure of the pipe, line, or duct with no leakage beyond the plate.
  25. 25. Double block and bleed: Means the closure of a line, duct, or pipe by closing and locking or tagging two in-line valves and by opening and locking or tagging a drain or vent valve in the line between the two closed valves.
  26. 26. Lockout procedure – Step 5  LOCKOUT OR TAGOUT DEVICE APPLICATION  Affixed by authorized employee holding energy isolating device in the safe or off position
  27. 27. Lockout procedure – Step 6  STORED ENERGY  Relieve all stored energy and continue to verify if there is a chance of re-accumulation
  28. 28. Stored energy examples Batteries and capacitors  Pressure differential   Hydraulic  Pneumatic  Vacuum Springs  Gravity 
  29. 29. Lockout procedure – Step 7  VERIFICATION OF ISOLATION  Prior to servicing or maintenance, authorized employee must verify machine has been deenergized
  30. 30. Lockout procedure – Step 8  RELEASE FROM LOCKOUT OR TAGOUT  Inspect work area to ensure removal of nonessentials  Employees safely positioned and notified  Lockout/tagout removal (by employee who applied)
  31. 31. Lock/tag removal if authorized employee is not available?    Verify that authorized employee is not at facility Make reasonable efforts to inform him or her Ensure that he/she knows of removal upon reentering MUST INCLUDE THIS PROCEDURE IN WRITTEN PROGRAM
  32. 32. Hardware requirements Durable  Standardized  Substantial  Identifiable 
  33. 33. Hardware must be: Provided by the employer  Singularly identified  Only devices used for control  Not used for other purposes 
  34. 34. Hardware must be (cont.): Durable – be able to withstand environment  Standardized – color, size, etc.   Tags  : print and format Substantial – no accidental removal  Tag attachment means: Withstand at least 50 pounds of force  Not re-usable  Self locking  Attachable by hand 
  35. 35. Durable…
  36. 36. Hardware must be (cont.):  Identifiable – identify the employee who applied  Tags must include legend such as DO NOT START
  37. 37. Locked Out Tagged Out of Service
  38. 38. Hmmm?
  39. 39. Disconnect Allows for identification
  40. 40. Periodic Inspection     Performed at least annually Lockout – include review with authorized employees Tagout – include review with authorized and affected employees Certification record kept:  Identify machine or equipment  Date of inspection  Employees performing and included in inspection
  41. 41. Training and re-training  Authorized employees  Recognition of hazardous energy  Type and magnitude of hazardous energy  Methods of isolating energy  How to verify isolation Affected – Purpose and use of procedure  Other – Procedure and Prohibition from tampering  Tagout provisions 
  42. 42. Re-training is required when: Change in job assignment  Change in machine or process  Change in lockout/tagout procedure  Inadequacies revealed in periodic review 
  43. 43. Training certification  Certify that the training has been conducted and kept up to date:  Employee names  Date(s) of training
  44. 44. Other requirements Contractors?  Personnel or shift changes? 
  45. 45. Testing or positioning machines Clear the machine of tools and materials  Remove employees from the area  Remove lockout/tagout devices  Energize and proceed with testing/positioning  De-energize and re-apply energy control measures 
  46. 46. Group lockout Personal lock or tag (usually)  Lockbox or master tag system with principal authorized employee  “Shall utilize a procedure which affords a level of protection equivalent to that provided by the implementation of a personal lockout or tagout device”
  47. 47. Group Lockout Each exposed employee must be provided the same level of protection…Each person must be protected by their own lock!
  48. 48. TRAINING  General  Operation  Steps to: Change  Set up  Clean  Second Nature  Feedback from Employees 
  49. 49. Training (cont.)  Inspections  Hazard Assessment (Training of Operators)  Incorrect Procedures (Training of Supervisors)  Documentation  Training  Retraining
  50. 50. Minor Servicing Exemption    Activities which are routine, repetitive, and integral to the use of the equipment for production are not covered by this standard if alternative measures provide effective protection. Activity must be conducted during normal production operations Activity must be routine (regular course of procedure in accordance with established practices), repetitive (regularly repeated as part of production), and integral (essential to the production process).
  51. 51. Lockout/ Tagout Tech Guide available @ www.oshainfo.gatech.edu
  52. 52. SUMMARY Written program including written procedures for each machine  Training of employees  Periodic review of program  ENFORCEMENT 

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