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Transliterate discussions

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  • 1. Transliterate discussions: Using wikis to support small group work within English studies Presented at De Montfort University 4 December 2007 Ruth Page, School of English, Birmingham City University (If you quote from this presentation, please cite these authorship details, thank you)
  • 2. A working definition of transliteracy Transliteracy is The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media from signing and orality through handwriting, print, TV, radio and film, to digital social networks. (PART 2007)
  • 3. A transliteracy tag cloud Integration creativity connection transformation newmedia multimedia boundaries lifeworlds interaction collaboration web 2.0 writing reading context network intermediality education ideas suethomas pedagogy multimodal technology blog podcast transdisciplinarity
  • 4. Transliteracy ‘Trans’ – Across Transition, translation, transposition A B ‘Trans’ – Beyond Transformation A
  • 5. Transliteracy and Education Activities and resources require students to ‘read, write and interact across a range of platforms’ Pedagogic principles Social Constructivism (collaboration) Multiple intelligences Holistic and ‘deep learners’
  • 6. E-learning and transliteracy HEFCE e-learning strategy A greater diversity of student needs Increased flexibility of provision (m-learning) Enhanced capacity for integrating study with work and leisure DfES e-learning strategy A collaborative approach to personalised learning experiences A common digital infrastructure for transformation and reform
  • 7. Blended learning? Homogenous Instant Completely mixed up together But…..
  • 8. Dual learning? Activity Stick them around the image of a jigsaw piece Write on each post-it note the different elements students experience in your teaching (e.g. lecture / PPT slides / reading / e-learning activities (e.g. blog, discussion forum) / class discussion / assessment)
  • 9. Making the connections Mind the gap…
  • 10. A case study: Small group work Importance of small group work (Gibbs 1994) Description of a typical seminar 2-3 hours 10-40 students (usually 25-30) Survey of my colleagues’ practice Student perceptions of small group work
  • 11. Staff survey How often do you use small group activities? 70% - a third of the time or more 40% - half the time or more Typical Activities Discussion (of passages, concepts) Exercises, problem solving Writing tasks (joint composition, rewriting) Performance, preparation for presentation Feedback mechanisms Single reporter / group Asking individuals questions One group talks to whole group (including poster tours) Groups are dispersed to talk to each other
  • 12. Perceived benefits (Staff) Less threatening trying out ideas in a non-threatening context voice thoughts they might feel unsure about More opportunity for tutor/student interchange it allows me as a tutor to speak and hear individual contributions from a wider selection Engagement everyone engaged, encourages sharing of ideas Consolidation of knowledge Reinforce learning Peer support Help each other in analytical exercises are listened to by others
  • 13. The student perception What do you think you most gain from group discussion in seminars? Feedback and input from our peers Different points of view / opinions / ideas Gaining more knowledge and opinions
  • 14. Disadvantages of current feedback mechanisms No permanent record for the whole class, people don’t always take in what is said Miss points or ideas Not everyone gets to speak, you don’t get to say everything
  • 15. Specific problem - feedback Time management Limited number of speakers What do students gain from it? How do we build on this? Referring back to material in later classes Connection with assessment
  • 16. Wiki Web sites that can be edited by anyone with access to them Wikipedia Advantages: A collaborative environment Virtual access Private / Public Free!
  • 17. Wikis in the classroom
  • 18. Capture the summary
  • 19. Accessed outside the classroom http://lhds.moodle.uce.ac.uk/
  • 20. Structuring the wiki https://narrativeanalysisgroupwork.pbwiki. com/ One page per week A brief description of the task Links to a further page for each group Varied the tasks
  • 21. Writing summaries 'Eveline' is a short story written by James Joyce and is included in Dubliners. When looking at the theory of frequency in Joyce's 'Eveline' the following can be said. When Eveline begins to reminisce about her childhood she uses the word 'used' a lot. This adverb is found within the examples if iterative frequency. Eveline only tells once of events that happened in her childhood. In the second paragraph of the story. It is seen how 'there used to be a field there in which [the children] used to play.' Another form of frequency that appears in the text is repetitive when Eveline discusses the death of her mother. On two occassions Eveline talks about this. The first is at the bottom of page 30 - 'what he would do to her only for her dead mother's sake' and at the top of page 33 - 'remind her of the promise to her mother...She remembered the last night of her mother's illness.'
  • 22. Revision Each student adding different parts to their group’s summary Adding URLS (reworking online sources) Practice at linguistic analysis Consolidation of knowledge
  • 23. Peer review Each group reviewed the work of another group Formally in class Add comments Informally out of class Reading, making personal judgements
  • 24. Converting Mindmaps to paragraphs
  • 25. Power point presentations Character analysis Summarising information succinctly Thinking about how it appears on a screen
  • 26. Wiki and transliteracy Widened the range of resources available Online texts: blogs, e-texts, hypertexts, video, image, scholarly material Range of activities Writing paragraphs, summarising information in tables, moving from mindmap / verbal text, creating PPT Overall place within the learning experience Connecting oral discussion, online collaboration with personal projects
  • 27. Student Evaluation How often did you use the wiki? 3 – 3 or four times 7 – half the time 16 – at least once a week, every week Some even checking on it several times a day
  • 28. Benefits of using the wiki Involvement (2) I feel that the wiki has encouraged me to do the work and contribute to something the whole class has produced, and if I didn’t contribute I’d be letting everyone down Reflection (7) A chance to review my own and other’s ideas from our class work that we tend to forget sometimes It makes me go away after class and still think about the topic we did because I was using the wiki to type my ideas up
  • 29. Benefits continued… Application and Consolidation of knowledge (9) I have gained better understanding of the models covered in class and know how to apply these to texts Peer support (10) I was able to see what other people have done in more detail, as class discussions were restricted to time To see and learn what other students have done as well
  • 30. Benefits continued Accessibility (4) Work saved and always accessible to refresh knowledge on a certain area Good for reference in later classes Online skills (1) Better computer skills. Use of hyperlinks
  • 31. Limitations Only one person able to type up ideas at a time (3) Concerns about accuracy (1) Time management (4) Lack of participation by certain members of the class (2)
  • 32. What activity did you find the most beneficial and why? Writing summaries (12) Peer review (6) Mindmaps (5) Creating PPT slides (2) Creating tables (1)
  • 33. How has the wiki contributed to the group work? Sharing ideas (3) It helps everyone to share ideas Better understanding (1) Wiki meant more group work, so topics became better understood Social cohesion / Involvement (8) It has pulled us more together It was good way to get together outside class and do work. Sharing the workload (3) Everyone does their fair contribution (most of the time).
  • 34. How has the wiki changed the way you use the resources for this module? It is now becoming a kind of reflex I use online materials a little more, learned more online tools too The URL links have made me go and explore more material online. I have learnt a lot about online material and how to use new techniques. It has supported my learning very well Use moodle more often ) I use it a lot more It has encouraged me to check moodle more often. It has also given me confidence to use more online library services such as Literature Online. More likely to use Moodle Has aided my general PC use for notes etc. Moodle would run better with the wiki because it is a resource made my students for students It is simpler to link analysis to an idea by means of hyperlinks Encourages you to do more work outside class It has improved my confidence and styles Wiki has provided extra information about online resources I can access for ease of reference I am looking at more articles I still find difficulty using e-journals, I have become more skilled in using the resources It hasn’t changed the way I use resources Not much
  • 35. Summary (resource) 17 improved or more frequent use of resources being provided 2 not changed Embedding existing forms in a more user friendly way (Manfred Jahn’s Guide to Narratology) Mostly access, not evaluation
  • 36. Amplification it has allowed us to work in groups and as a whole class which gives us more information and detail. helped to keep ideas in my mind the wiki has encouraged us to engage with each topic wholly instead of just leaving it until we came to do our assignments in December. The wiki made us be more hard working and responsible for the module
  • 37. What would I do differently? Explore other uses of wikis (individual v. group, public v. private) Structure the tasks, avoid ambiguity Assess the contributions Increase multimodal nature of resources Be aware of blind spots in ‘digital literacy’ Technical support Scholarly approaches
  • 38. Useful resources Beyond Distance Research Alliance (University of Leicester) [http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/beyond-distance- research-alliance/resources/wikis] E-learning articles from the University of Plymouth [http://www2.plymouth.ac.uk/distancelearning/publicat ions.html] STOLEN principle ticklist [http://www.a6training.co.uk/resources_Social_Softwa re.php]
  • 39. Bridgebuilding

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