Music 120 - Music of Southeast Asia


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A powerpoint on the traditional and popular music of Southeast Asia, used in conjunction with the New Brunswick World Music 120 Curriculum.

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Music 120 - Music of Southeast Asia

  1. 1. World Music<br />Music of Southeast Asia<br />
  2. 2. Countries of Southeast Asia<br />Bangladesh<br />China<br />Japan<br />Cambodia<br />Indonesia<br />Malaysia<br />Nepal<br />Pakistan<br />The Phillippines<br />Singapore<br />Sri Lanka<br />Taiwan<br />Thailand<br />Vietnam<br />
  3. 3. Role of music in Asian culture<br />Music in these cultures differ from country to country<br />Role of music is similar in many areas<br />Court music<br />Social music<br />Music a highly respected art form<br />Folk music  communication<br />Court music  status; worship<br />Music for entertainment<br />Theatre<br />Pop<br />
  4. 4. Influences on Music<br />Geographic location and surroundings<br />Vegetation<br />Natural beauty of the continent<br />Respect for and worship of nature<br />Naturally occurring resources<br />Iron, bronze<br />Wood, bamboo<br />Religion<br />Sacred music<br />Music for worship considered the highest form of art<br />
  5. 5. Court Music<br />Music that would have been played (and in some regions, still is) in the courts of noble families<br />Formal but with some elements of folk music<br />Denotes status<br />Of those who are being performed for<br />Of the musicians invited to perform<br />Varies from country to country based on language and instrumentation<br />Many different versions of one instrument in a variety of countries<br /> (Vietnamese court music played on Zither)<br />
  6. 6. Orchestral Court Music in China<br />
  7. 7. Folk Music<br />Indigenous to each country<br />Influences of neighbouring countries<br />Depends on location in comparison to border of country<br />Depends on type of terrain – folk music will be less permeated by other cultures if it is located in a mountaneous region<br />Instrumental<br />Some vocal<br />Instrumental ensembles <br />Gamelan orchestras<br />Kulintang orchestras<br />Can be politically-oriented, but not in the same way that North American music is<br />
  8. 8. Theatre/Opera<br />Many countries have their own versions of opera and musical theatre<br />Music, dance, acrobatics, acting<br />Style of singing radically different from Western opera/musical theatre<br />Symbolic movement, staging, sound and sets used in favour over realistic staging and movement<br />Traditional storylines include fables, folklore or historical tales<br />This repertoire has expanded over time in some countries to include modern, real-life events<br /><br />
  9. 9. Instruments in Southeast Asian music<br />String instruments<br />Zither (17 strings)<br />Harp<br />Lute<br />Fiddle<br />Metal instruments struck by mallets<br />Gong<br />Gangsa/Saron<br />Pat waing/Godang<br />Instruments with keys<br />Bagpipes<br />Khene<br />Flutes<br />Bamboo <br />Metal<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. China<br />One of the world’s oldest and mostpowerful civilizations<br />PRC – ROC (2 entities in China)<br />Music and the arts a long-standing tradition in China<br />Traditional and popular music make up the bulk of China’s musical output<br />Genres of music:<br />Classical<br />Folk<br />Varies from region to region in terms of instrumentation and style<br />Size of China makes differences in folk music more noticeable than in small European countries<br />Sacred (Tibetan Buddhist monks use chant)<br />Popular<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Malaysia<br />Separated in two by the sea<br />Official language: Bahasa Malaysia<br />English a commonly-spoken second language<br />Over 100 other languages and dialects spoken<br />Chinese and Indian influence  trading<br />Multicultural and multi-ethnicity<br />Effects heard in music and seen in visual art<br />Effects also heard in language and politics<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Indonesia<br />Hugely populated country (240 million people!)<br />Bordered by Malaysia, East Timor and Papa New Guinea<br />Highly protective of their language, religion and culture<br />Indonesia is an important trade area – more susceptible to “cultural pollution”<br />Political disputes with Malaysia concerning language and national anthems<br />Sports: badminton, soccer.<br />Lively traditional and popular music scene<br />Notable instruments: gamelan orchestras<br />
  16. 16. Gamelan Orchestra<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Thailand<br />Centrally located Southeastern country<br />Bordered by Burma, Laos, Cambodia and water<br />Languages spoken are primarily Thai with some Chinese and Malaysian<br />Country of periodic political unsettlement, most recently this spring<br />Well-known for its Thai food<br />Though never colonialized, there is much European influence on Thai pop music<br />Chinese, Indian , Burmese and Cambodian influence on music <br />Small pockets of ethnic minorities retain their traditional music<br />
  19. 19. Bangkok, Thailand at Night<br />