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Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
Music 10 - Haydn
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Music 10 - Haydn

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A powerpoint profile on the composer Franz Joseph Haydn, used in conjunction with the New Brunswick Grade 10 Music Curriculum,

A powerpoint profile on the composer Franz Joseph Haydn, used in conjunction with the New Brunswick Grade 10 Music Curriculum,

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Transcript

  • 1. FranZ Joseph Haydn
    Everything you ever wanted to know, and more, about...
  • 2. The Facts
    Born in 1732, died in 1809
    Composer of the Classical era (1750 – 1820)
    Born in Rohrau, Austria
    Musical family
    Though very gifted musically, Haydn could not receive any training in Rohrau
  • 3. Growing up with the Frankhs
    Haydn moved in with Johann Frankh, several miles from his hometown, at age 6
    Became Frankh’s musical apprentice
    Earned his keep by doing chores
    Frequently underfed, underclothed, lonely
    Studied harpsichord, violin and singing with Frankh, who was a very gifted musician himself
  • 4. Vienna waits for Haydn
    In 1740, Haydn’s singing voice comes to the choir director of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna
    Performed an excellent audition and moved to Vienna to sing in the church’s choir
    Joined shortly thereafter by his brother
    Continued to study music with Reutter, the choral director, and absorbed all he could from Vienna (which was a musical and cultural hubcap at the time) until 1749 when he was dismissed
  • 5. Haydn: The (Temporarily) Lost Boy
    Freelance musician after leaving the choir
    Found he did not understand the basicsof harmony well enough towrite
    Studied Fux and C.P.A. Bach’s writings on counterpoint to improve his music
    Attributed many positive qualities of his compositions to their work
  • 6. Haydn: King of the Castle
    Haydn’s compositions improving  increased public interest in his music
    Patronage from aristocrats
    Taught music lessons
    Increased respect from the community
    Settled down and got married
    Became Kapellmeister of the court of Count Morzin 1757
    Married the sister of a girl he was in love with
    Unhappy marriage, though it is not reflected in his music
  • 7. Haydn: King of Another Castle
    1761  Vice Kapellmeister in the court of the Esterhazys (HUGELY important Austrian family!)
    Promoted in 1766
    As Kapellmeister:
    Lived and travelled with the family
    Composed court, church, occasional and art music for the family
    A challenging and welcome opportunity for Haydn
    Lived and worked with the Esterhazys for 30 years
  • 8. The Esterhaza Palace
  • 9. Nikolaus Esterhazy I
    Great love of music
    Appreciated Haydn’s talent and ambition
    Gave Haydn access to any musical instruments, ensembles and resources he would ever need
    Provided Haydn with the time, means and space to write, rehearse and stage all of his compositions
  • 10. Papa Haydn: Father of the Symphony and the String Quartet
    Best – known for his many, many symphonies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLjwkamp3ll
    Paris
    London
    Military
    Surprise
    Well known for his contribution to the string quartet: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rc34Jr9udlU
    Emperors
    Sunrise
  • 11. Post-Esterhaza
    After Nikolaus I’s death, Haydn visits London as a conductor
    Warmly received by London audiences
    Acting as a musical mentor to Mozart and Beethoven
    Musical and financial success in London prompts Haydn to produce some of his finest work:
    London, Surprise, Oxford symphonies
    Multiple string quartets
    Gypsy piano trio
  • 12. The Final Years
    Return to Vienna
    From 1795 onwards, Haydn composed a substantial amount of sacred music
    Oratorio, mass
    The Creation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-Jkktpp9QI
    Still composing music for his beloved Esterhazy family
    Becomes ill early in the 1800s and finds writing music physically painful
    Died in 1809 – his last words were words of comfort to his distressed servants as Vienna was attacked by Napoleon’s army

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