Music 10 - Haydn


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A powerpoint profile on the composer Franz Joseph Haydn, used in conjunction with the New Brunswick Grade 10 Music Curriculum,

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Music 10 - Haydn

  1. 1. FranZ Joseph Haydn<br />Everything you ever wanted to know, and more, about...<br />
  2. 2. The Facts<br />Born in 1732, died in 1809<br />Composer of the Classical era (1750 – 1820)<br />Born in Rohrau, Austria<br />Musical family<br />Though very gifted musically, Haydn could not receive any training in Rohrau<br />
  3. 3. Growing up with the Frankhs<br />Haydn moved in with Johann Frankh, several miles from his hometown, at age 6<br />Became Frankh’s musical apprentice<br />Earned his keep by doing chores <br />Frequently underfed, underclothed, lonely<br />Studied harpsichord, violin and singing with Frankh, who was a very gifted musician himself<br />
  4. 4. Vienna waits for Haydn<br />In 1740, Haydn’s singing voice comes to the choir director of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna<br />Performed an excellent audition and moved to Vienna to sing in the church’s choir<br />Joined shortly thereafter by his brother<br />Continued to study music with Reutter, the choral director, and absorbed all he could from Vienna (which was a musical and cultural hubcap at the time) until 1749 when he was dismissed<br />
  5. 5. Haydn: The (Temporarily) Lost Boy<br />Freelance musician after leaving the choir<br />Found he did not understand the basicsof harmony well enough towrite<br />Studied Fux and C.P.A. Bach’s writings on counterpoint to improve his music<br />Attributed many positive qualities of his compositions to their work<br />
  6. 6. Haydn: King of the Castle<br />Haydn’s compositions improving  increased public interest in his music<br />Patronage from aristocrats<br />Taught music lessons<br />Increased respect from the community<br />Settled down and got married<br />Became Kapellmeister of the court of Count Morzin 1757<br />Married the sister of a girl he was in love with<br />Unhappy marriage, though it is not reflected in his music<br />
  7. 7. Haydn: King of Another Castle<br />1761  Vice Kapellmeister in the court of the Esterhazys (HUGELY important Austrian family!)<br />Promoted in 1766<br />As Kapellmeister:<br />Lived and travelled with the family<br />Composed court, church, occasional and art music for the family<br />A challenging and welcome opportunity for Haydn<br />Lived and worked with the Esterhazys for 30 years<br />
  8. 8. The Esterhaza Palace <br />
  9. 9. Nikolaus Esterhazy I<br />Great love of music<br />Appreciated Haydn’s talent and ambition<br />Gave Haydn access to any musical instruments, ensembles and resources he would ever need<br />Provided Haydn with the time, means and space to write, rehearse and stage all of his compositions<br />
  10. 10. Papa Haydn: Father of the Symphony and the String Quartet<br />Best – known for his many, many symphonies:<br />Paris<br />London<br />Military<br />Surprise<br />Well known for his contribution to the string quartet:<br />Emperors<br />Sunrise<br />
  11. 11. Post-Esterhaza<br />After Nikolaus I’s death, Haydn visits London as a conductor<br />Warmly received by London audiences<br />Acting as a musical mentor to Mozart and Beethoven<br />Musical and financial success in London prompts Haydn to produce some of his finest work:<br />London, Surprise, Oxford symphonies<br />Multiple string quartets<br />Gypsy piano trio<br />
  12. 12. The Final Years<br />Return to Vienna<br />From 1795 onwards, Haydn composed a substantial amount of sacred music<br />Oratorio, mass<br />The Creation:<br />Still composing music for his beloved Esterhazy family<br />Becomes ill early in the 1800s and finds writing music physically painful<br />Died in 1809 – his last words were words of comfort to his distressed servants as Vienna was attacked by Napoleon’s army<br />