Everything you ever wanted to know, and more, about...
The Facts
 Born in 1732, died in 1809
 Composer of the Classical
era (1750 – 1820)
 Born in Rohrau, Austria
 Musical f...
Growing up with the
Frankhs
 Haydn moved in with Johann Frankh,
several miles from his hometown, at age
6
 Became Frankh...
Vienna waits for Haydn
 In 1740, Haydn’s singing voice comes to the
choir director of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in
Vienna
...
Haydn: The (Temporarily) Lost
Boy
 Freelance musician after
leaving the choir
 Found he did not
understand the basics
of...
Haydn: King of the Castle
 Haydn’s compositions improving 
increased public interest in his music
 Patronage from arist...
Haydn: King of Another
Castle 1761  Vice Kapellmeister in the court of the
Esterhazys (HUGELY important Austrian
family!...
The Esterhaza Palace
Nikolaus Esterhazy I
 Great love of music
 Appreciated Haydn’s
talent and ambition
 Gave Haydn access to any musical
in...
Papa Haydn: Father of the
Symphony and the String
Quartet
 Best – known for his many, many
symphonies: http://www.youtube...
Post-Esterhaza
 After Nikolaus I’s death, Haydn
visits London as a conductor
 Warmly received by London
audiences
 Acti...
The Final Years
 Return to Vienna
 From 1795 onwards, Haydn composed a substantial
amount of sacred music
 Oratorio, ma...
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Music 10 haydn

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Music 10 haydn

  1. 1. Everything you ever wanted to know, and more, about...
  2. 2. The Facts  Born in 1732, died in 1809  Composer of the Classical era (1750 – 1820)  Born in Rohrau, Austria  Musical family  Though very gifted musically, Haydn could not receive any training in Rohrau
  3. 3. Growing up with the Frankhs  Haydn moved in with Johann Frankh, several miles from his hometown, at age 6  Became Frankh’s musical apprentice  Earned his keep by doing chores  Frequently underfed, underclothed, lonely  Studied harpsichord, violin and singing with Frankh, who was a very gifted musician himself
  4. 4. Vienna waits for Haydn  In 1740, Haydn’s singing voice comes to the choir director of St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna  Performed an excellent audition and moved to Vienna to sing in the church’s choir  Joined shortly thereafter by his brother  Continued to study music with Reutter, the choral director, and absorbed all he could from Vienna (which was a musical and cultural hubcap at the time) until 1749 when he was dismissed
  5. 5. Haydn: The (Temporarily) Lost Boy  Freelance musician after leaving the choir  Found he did not understand the basics of harmony well enough to write  Studied Fux and C.P.A. Bach’s writings on counterpoint to improve his music  Attributed many positive qualities of his compositions to their work
  6. 6. Haydn: King of the Castle  Haydn’s compositions improving  increased public interest in his music  Patronage from aristocrats  Taught music lessons  Increased respect from the community  Settled down and got married  Became Kapellmeister of the court of Count Morzin 1757  Married the sister of a girl he was in love with  Unhappy marriage, though it is not reflected in his music
  7. 7. Haydn: King of Another Castle 1761  Vice Kapellmeister in the court of the Esterhazys (HUGELY important Austrian family!)  Promoted in 1766  As Kapellmeister:  Lived and travelled with the family  Composed court, church, occasional and art music for the family  A challenging and welcome opportunity for Haydn  Lived and worked with the Esterhazys for 30 years
  8. 8. The Esterhaza Palace
  9. 9. Nikolaus Esterhazy I  Great love of music  Appreciated Haydn’s talent and ambition  Gave Haydn access to any musical instruments, ensembles and resources he would ever need  Provided Haydn with the time, means and space to write, rehearse and stage all of his compositions
  10. 10. Papa Haydn: Father of the Symphony and the String Quartet  Best – known for his many, many symphonies: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLjwkamp3ll  Paris  London  Military  Surprise  Well known for his contribution to the string quartet: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rc34Jr9udlU  Emperors  Sunrise
  11. 11. Post-Esterhaza  After Nikolaus I’s death, Haydn visits London as a conductor  Warmly received by London audiences  Acting as a musical mentor to Mozart and Beethoven  Musical and financial success in London prompts Haydn to produce some of his finest work:  London, Surprise, Oxford symphonies  Multiple string quartets  Gypsy piano trio
  12. 12. The Final Years  Return to Vienna  From 1795 onwards, Haydn composed a substantial amount of sacred music  Oratorio, mass  The Creation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-Jkktpp9QI  Still composing music for his beloved Esterhazy family  Becomes ill early in the 1800s and finds writing music physically painful  Died in 1809 – his last words were words of comfort to his distressed servants as Vienna was attacked by Napoleon’s army
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