What is a chord? Any grouping of notes that sound as being played simultaneously Notes in a chord can be selected according to rules or a pattern or at random In western music, the construction of chords follows a set of rules so that they can progress from one in to another in a way that sounds familiar and pleasing to the ear
The Triad A triad is one of the most basic types of chord It consists of three notes that are stacked in thirds The triad is considered to be the building block of functional harmony. Without it, our music would sound very different!
The Parts of the Triad The notes in the triad, when arranged from lowest to highest, are called: The fifth (5) The third (3) The root (1)
Types of triads There are 4 types of triads: Major Minor Diminished Augmented
Major Triad In a major triad, there are 3 intervals that occur: A M3 from the root to the third A m3 from the third to the fifth A P5 from the root to the fifth
Minor Triad In a minor triad, 3 intervals occur: A m3 from the root to the third A M3 from the third to the fifth A P5 from the root to the fifth
Diminished Triad Diminished triads have three intervals: A m3 from root to third A m3 from third to fifth A d5 from root to fifth
Augmented Triad Augmented triads have three intervals: A M3 from root to third A M3 from third to fifth An aug5 from root to fifth
Seventh Chord A seventh chord is merely a triad (scale degrees 1, 3 and 5) with scale degree 7 added on top.
Cluster Chords/Tone Clusters A cluster chord is made up of at least three notes, arranged chromatically