1.(i) Describe how teachers can promote and influenceparticipation. Award up to two marks for a correct response. General teaching staff attitude can influence, either positively or negatively The experience of staff in various activities, or a range of activities can be influential The playing ability and level of staff expertise can be influential Specific staff interest in particular activities will usually lead to a rise in participation in that particular activity.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
(ii) Describe how school facilities can promote andinfluence participation. Award up to two marks for a correct response. Good facilities or a lack of suitable ones/will affect levels positively or negatively. Specific facilities, such as squash courts or fitness suites/ will encourage specific participation in particular sports or activities.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
(iii) Describe how school links with local sports clubscan promote and influence participation. Award up to two marks for a correct response. Specific links can encourage extra participation/pupils will be able to continue an activity outside of school Sports not catered for in school could be covered outside of school/this would enable pupils to take up new activities Links with such organisations as Youth Sports Trust etc.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
2.(i) How do schools promote participation throughtimetabled PE lessons? Award up to four marks for identifying the provisions made by schools. These include the following: Providing a broad and balanced PE provision covering the six identified activity areas within the national curriculum Providing timetabled lessons within the core programme for all pupils Providing extra provision which could be in the form of GCSE provision or similar such as JSLA Cross-curricular provision across different subject areas Opportunities to adopt different roles A compulsory activity – National Curriculum.Note that an appropriate list is acceptable or one or more aspects further developed.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
(ii) What is meant by “extra-curricular activities”?Include one example in your answer. Award up to two marks: one mark for stating what extra curricular activities are and one further mark for a suitable example. Extra-curricular: provision made in addition to the normal school timetable, over and above the statutory provision.Examples include: Lunchtime and after school practices Clubs Teams Societies Trips.NB Just naming a sport/activity without relating it to the above is not acceptable.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
3.(a) What are the key aims of the PESSYP? Award up to two marks for a full explanation of the aims of the PESSYP initiative. 5 hour offer or 5 x 60 or 16+ 5 hours more likely to be out of school. 2 hours curriculum time for PE. 3 hours extra curricular time.
(b) There are ten strands to the PESSYP. Name anddescribe two of the strands. Award one mark for naming the strand and one mark for description of the effect of each strand of the PESSYP strategy up to a maximum of four marks. Club links - schools would work with NGB’s to create club opportunities. Competition - schools would take part in the National School Sport Week/ and extend their provision for intra and inter school competition. Coaching - funds made available to school sport coaching/ schools to recruit more coaches. Continuing professional development - teachers developing skills through attendance at National CPD programme/ LDA courses for teachers on a specific activity or topic.
Gifted and Talented - talent identification/ schools support exceptional talent/ to help pupils progress and develop skills/ through the long-term athlete development programme. Swimming - increasing opportunities to take part/ increasing numbers able to swim (25m). Leadership and volunteering - Step ON, Step IN, Step UP (JSLA/CSLA)/ to increase quantity, quality and diversity of young people engaged in volunteering and leadership in schools and the community. Disability - establish Multi-Sport Disability Clubs/ to offer club experience to all disabled athletes/ from playground to podium/ integration of disabled pupils into sport. Extending activities - beyond traditional sports/ eg cheerleading, street games. Infrastructure - school sports partnerships/ FESCo/ CSPs/ NGBs/ specialist sports colleges.The names of the strands are definitive. Accept any other suitable response for the description only.
Identify the four core themes of the National HealthySchools Programme  Physical activity Healthy eating Personal, social and health education Social and mental well-being
(b) Explain how these themes may impact upon theprovision made within the PE curriculum 
4. Physical Education is a compulsory, foundation subjectwithin the National Curriculum.(a) Explain why PE is offered in schools  To improve health and fitness Practical subject – provides balance within the range of subjects taught To prepare young people to take part in physical activity when they leave school To provide approved qualifications in line with other subjects (e.g. GCSE and GCE) To reflect the importance and value of sport and physical activity in society
(b) Identify two of the six activity areas within the PE NationalCurriculum and give an example of a specific sporting activityincluded within each area  Accurate Replication of actions, phrases and sequences, as in gymnastics activities Identifying and solving problems to overcome challenges of an adventurous nature, as in lifesaving and personal survival in swimming and outdoor and adventurous activities Outwitting opponents, as in games activities (basketball, netball, football, rugby, tennis, badminton) Performing at maximal levels, in relation to speed, height, distance, strength or accuracy, as in athletic activities Exploring and communicating ideas, concepts and emotions, as in dance activities Exercising safely and effectively to improve health and wellbeing, as in fitness and health activities
5. Increasing the participation in sport and physical activity is animportant objective of many individuals and organisations.How do schools encourage young people to take part in sport andphysical activity? Schools encourage participation by: Offering at least the minimum Providing and maintaining a of curricular PE at all ages range of activities Making lessons interesting/ fun Teachers and coaches acting as Offering a variety of extra- role models curricular sport/ activities Celebrating success, e.g. Sports Arranging competitions (e.g. presentation evening inter-form, house, school)/ Holding PE in a positive ethos organising teams Organising sports tours/ Providing a focal point for outdoor pursuit trips community activity Offering a range of qualification Fostering positive links with courses parents and clubs Providing support and extension Providing a focal point for opportunities for gifted and feeder/ partnership schools talented performers