2011Name two social groups and explain how they mayhave influenced Rachel’s decision to participate infootball, swimming and cross country. (4 marks)
2011 mark schemeAward one mark for naming each social group up to a maximum of two and a further mark for explaining how each group has influenced Rachel’s decision to participate in football, swimming and cross country up to a maximum of four marks. Peer group or friends - will have a considerable influence/ if friends take part in an activity it is likely that you will as well/ to maintain contact with them/ to share a common interest. Family - will encourage participation/ due to the support they offer/ either financially in the form of equipment/ coaching/ or by providing transport/ or moral support. Family/ may also be role models/ in that children follow other family members/ into the sports that they do. Gender/ some activities are stereotypically male or female (or equivalent ‘girls play netball. Ethnicity/ due to cultural or religious beliefs, some people are stereotypically drawn towards certain activities. Ethnicity/ dress code may restrict participation, eg swimming.
Gender Now more opportunities for women to access as many sports as men do More women becoming officials and coaches
EthnicityPossible ethnicity factors that could influence participation in sport may include: Dress codes – for example, not allowing women to wear certain items of sports kit could affect the safety of the activity Codes of behaviour such as single sex rules regarding mixing with others may prevent participation. E.g. Muslim women are not always permitted to take part in mixed sex sporting activities Some cultures see a woman’s role as in the home which limits their amount of leisure time
OPPORTUNITIES FOR FURTHER INVOLVEMENTTuesday 31st January By the end of the lesson you should be able to: ◦ Understand the different roles that can be adopted in sport ◦ Explain each role and what it constitutes.
What different roles can be adopted in physical activity?There are several ways of being an active participant:Choreographer Performer / player Physical activity roles Organiser Official Leader / coach
Physical Activity Roles1. For the roles identified describe what each role consists of2. What qualities do you need to be good at each role3. The benefits of taking on each role
Player/performer Developing the ability to make effective plans to improve performance Player – taking part in games activity Performer – taking part in gymnastics and dance Good knowledge of the activity Need to work to improve the specific skills, tactics, playing positions and techniques that are essential for that particular activity
Player/performer Could be at any stage of the sports performance pyramid.Elite – top class elite performerstaking part in international competitionPerformer receiving local and/orregional coaching and training andentered local competitions and leaguePeople taking part in sport in theirfree time, such as extra-curricularactivities or at a leisure centrePE and recreational sport
Organiser Bringing together all the main ingredients at the right time, in the right place, in order to maximise promotion, participation and high quality performance Competent in managing and organising... ◦ Facilities ◦ Time ◦ Other people, e.g. Players, officials, coaches, other assistant organisers ◦ Sometimes funds (money)
Leader/coach An important influence on individuals or groups towards set goals, or on behaviour in sport A specialist in an activity, responsible for preparing a performer in skill acquisition, correct technique, correct physical state or correct mental state
Leader/coach An important influence on individuals or groups towards set goals, or on behaviour in sport A specialist in an activity, responsible for preparing a performer in skill acquisition, correct technique, correct physical state or correct mental state Have to motivate and influence players/performers to achieve set goals Need to know about different styles of leadership Good basic communication skills Create a safe environment for players to improve
Choreographer Creating and arranging a staged dance or other performance that explores and communicates ideas, concepts and emotions. Need to be aware of the techniques of choreography and composition Be able to assess and improve standards of improve
Official Someone who controls the activity; interprets the rules, laws or regulations of the activity including checking the equipment There are different possibilities within this role, such as: ◦ Referee/umpire ◦ Judge ◦ Marshall/steward ◦ Scorer/timekeeper/recorder
What makes a good official? Full understanding of all the rules and regulations of the activity you are involved in Keep play within the laws of the game Make decisions quickly and efficiently Communicate clearly with players Needs a level of fitness that meets the demands of the game Concentration and focus on the match Position themselves in the best place to see the game Keep an accurate record of the score and fouls Check playing conditions, equipment, clothing, jewellery Send score to the relevant body
Benefits Player or performer ◦ Learn the skills and techniques needed to improve your performance or be an effective performer. Official ◦ Can be part of the activity even if injured ◦ Gives a different view of the game which broadens knowledge of the activity ◦ Maintains or improves fitness levels in an appropriate sport. Organiser ◦ Can have a part to play even if injured ◦ Can develop skills such as time management that could be used outside of sport. Leader or coach ◦ Can have an influence over others to help them improve ◦ Achieve a feel good factor or sense of achievement. Choreographer ◦ Can have a part to play even if injured ◦ Can develop skills such as communication which can transfer to everyday life.
Specimen paperFriends of a similar age and background are known as:a) Peer groupb) Pressure groupc) Pair groupd) Support group (1 mark)
Specimen paper Not all physical activity is competitive. Many individuals take part in a leisure or recreational pastime.(a) Describe a leisure or recreational activity which is also non-competitive (2 marks)(b) For the activity you have chosen above describe the benefits which could be gained from taking part in this activity. (3 marks)
2010Correct etiquette is important when taking part in physical activities.(a) Explain what is meant by etiquette. (2 marks)(b) Give an example of when you would expect etiquette. (2 marks)