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  • 1. Exam Questions1. Sport needs funding in order to continue. Explain the difference between the public sector and the private sector (2 marks)2. All of the following are active leisure activities except: a) Playing chess b) Playing football c) Playing bowls d) Hill walking (1 mark)3. Identify and explain two reasons why leisure time has increased (4 marks)
  • 2. Question 1 (2009)Sport needs funding in order to continue.Explain the difference between the public sector and the private sector. (2 marks)
  • 3. Question 1 (2009)Award up to two marks for correctly explaining the difference between the private and the public sector.Examples include: Private sector is owned by specific companies or individuals, probably as a profit making enterprise running some sort of membership scheme Public sector is owned and run by local authorities or councils and is not designed specifically to make a profit and is also open to all users.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
  • 4. Question 2 (2011)All of the following are active leisure activities except:a) Playing chessb) Playing footballc) Playing bowlsd) Hill walking (1 mark)
  • 5. Question 3 (Spec. Paper)The amount of available leisure time has increased and this has had an effect on the leisure industry.Identify and explain two reasons why leisure time has increased.Reason 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Reason 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (4 marks)
  • 6. Question 3 (Spec. Paper)Examples: Technological advances - such as labour-saving devices/ which leave more available time Greater unemployment - leaving many people with large amounts of free time Shorter working week - also leaving more free time Part time and shift work - which leaves certain times of the day where people would have time available.Accept the above plus any other suitable responses.
  • 7. User groups The leisure industry has targeted and made provisions for certain user groups.Unemployed Disabled Mothers & toddlersYoung people Senior citizens Shift workers
  • 8. User groups Explain how the leisure industry has targeted and made provisions for the following user groups. ◦ Mothers and toddlers ◦ Unemployed ◦ Disabled ◦ Young people ◦ Shift workers ◦ Senior citizens
  • 9. RecreationYou should be able to...• Define recreation time• Identify different types of recreation
  • 10. Recreation Any form of play, amusement or relaxation performed as games, sports or hobbies  Participate for intrinsic reward rather than extrinsic reward  Intrinsic rewards include health benefits and pleasure Intrinsic reward: Something that gives a person an individual or internal satisfaction derived from doing something well  Satified with personal challenge  Enjoyment  Feeling good about the activity  Motivated Extrinsic reward: Something that is done for a particular reward that is visible to others  League position  Trophies  Financial gain
  • 11. Recreational Activities Many recreational activities, such as walking, can be participated in by anyone. How might the following factors affect participation in different types of recreation ? Some activities might suit more elderly AGE people and some younger people Some activities are dependent upon the LOCATION local environment Might not be provision in your area. If they PROVISION are available there may be costs involved & COST that prevent participation.
  • 12. Not all physical activity is competitive. Many individuals take partin a leisure or recreational pastime.(a) Describe a leisure or recreational activity which is also non-competitive. Award up to two marks for correctly identifying and describing an appropriate activity. Examples include:  Walking/ possibly organised such as Ramblers clubs where specific routes and walks are undertaken  Aerobics/ perhaps in an organised group in a leisure centre. Accept the above plus any other suitable examples. [2]
  • 13. (b) For the activity you have chosen above describe the benefitswhich could be gained from taking part in this activity. [3]Examples include: Walking ◦ Increasing general fitness levels ◦ This is an activity which is not stressful on the body or body systems ◦ It is a suitable activity for all age ranges and be carried on throughout life ◦ It can have additional social benefits through walking with a group ◦ It can be particularly suited to a senior age group as it can be carried out at any pace ◦ The non-competitive nature can have an appeal of its own to particular individuals Aerobics ◦ Clear physical and health benefits of increasing fitness levels ◦ It can be carried out at quite high levels to specifically increase cardiovascular endurance ◦ It can have social benefits of meeting and working with other people/ ◦ The organised nature of a specific club can increase motivation and regular participation ◦ The non-competitive nature can have an appeal of its own to particular individuals.Accept the above plus any other suitable responses.
  • 14. Aerobics Walking Cycling Non-competitive recreational activities Yoga Dancing Pilates
  • 15. Lifelong recreation Activities that can be carried on through life, regardless of age Often non-contact and low impact activities that rely on judgement and accuracy Competitions, sessions and clubs are often targeted at different age groups to encourage maximum participation and more balanced competition E.g. Swimming – can be carried out throughout life and enjoyed by all ages E.g. Golf – group is also handicapped based on ability and age
  • 16. Homework1. Define outdoor recreation and give three examples of outdoor recreation activities2. For each of the six user groups identified give an example of how leisure providers target them to increase participation