Cultural 1 leisure   29th jan
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Cultural 1 leisure 29th jan

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    Cultural 1 leisure   29th jan Cultural 1 leisure 29th jan Presentation Transcript

    • Cultural & social factors insport• Leisure and recreation• Different user groups• Fair play and etiquette• Social groupings
    • Exam Questions1. Sport needs funding in order to continue. Explain the difference between the public sector and the private sector (2 marks)2. All of the following are active leisure activities except: a) Playing chess b) Playing football c) Playing bowls d) Hill walking (1 mark)3. Identify and explain two reasons why leisure time has increased (4 marks)
    • LEISURELEARNING OBJECTIVES• Consider what is meant by leisure time•Consider the choices individuals have abouthow they make use of their leisure time•Consider the benefits to be gained bybecoming involved in active leisure
    • Task Divide up the 24 hours in a day to show how much time you spend doing what?Draw circle to make a pie chart to show what you do over an average day
    • What is ‘leisure time’?The time left over from school, job, sleep, eating,maintaining good hygiene, where you are free todo as you chooseMost opportunities at evenings and weekendsLEISURE TIME Time (hours) Sleep School/work Homework Eating Hygiene Leisure time
    • Approximate guide to a person’sday Sleeping, eating and bodily functions (11 hours) Working or studying (8 hours) Domestic duties (1 hour) Travelling (1 hour) Leisure time (3 hours)
    • Leisure time List the activities that your group take part in in their leisure time.
    • Active or passive leisure? Active leisure - Activities that involve exertion of physical or mental energy Passive leisure - Activities where the participant does not exert any significant physical or mental energy Look at the activities that your group take part in during your leisure time. Identify whether or not they are active or passive leisure activities
    • Active leisure  Activities that involve exertion of physical or mental energy Active? Passive Can often include low-impact activities such as yoga or walking, which expend little energy and have little contact or competition Can also include some high-impact activities such as aerobics or kick-boxing
    • Passive leisure  Activities where the participant does not exert any significant physical or mental energy  Includes ◦ Going to the cinema ◦ Watching television ◦ Playing video games ◦ Playing chessProblems with passive leisure• Do not get many, if any, of the physical, mental and social benefits offered by more active leisure and sportHowever it is during passive leisure that people say they are often their most relaxed, therefore is it still important?
    • Task Why has leisure time increased in the last 50 years? ◦ Greater unemployment ◦ Shorter working week ◦ Retire earlier ◦ Technological advances (labour saving devices, e.g. Washing machines) ◦ Increase in paid holidays ◦ More part time work and shift work ◦ Increase in population
    • Opportunities for leisure Because of the trend for more leisure time, leisure providers must cater for this. Many local authorities (the organisations who manage and run leisure centres) and also private clubs who make up the leisure industry have grown in response to the increased need
    • Private sector Public sector Privately funded facilities are  Public funded facilities are paid set up by private for by national and local companies/enterprises that government out of taxes and operate to make a profit. National Lottery funding. Often members-only clubs - Members pay  Local authorities (e.g. Wolverhampton City fees Council) have a legal responsibility to Likely to be more expensive. provide leisure service, including swimming pools, playing fields and sports centres They include gyms sports/fitness clubs, golf and tennis clubs.  They are available for everyone to use Only operate if their is a sufficient  Relatively cheap compared to private demands, therefore location can influence sector leisure opportunities with rural areas  Some schools share facilities with the local generally having less provision than urban authority for lessons and extra-curricular areas activities. Some schools pay to use private clubs for Types of leisure provision lessons and extra-curricular activities
    • User groups The leisure industry has targeted and made provisions for certain user groups.Unemployed Mothers & toddlers Shift workersYoung people Pensioners (Over Disabled 65’s)
    • TASK On your sheets explain how leisure providers make provision for each of the 6 user groups ◦ Unemployed ◦ Mothers and toddlers ◦ Shift workers ◦ Young people ◦ Pensioners ◦ Disabled
    • Exam Questions1. Sport needs funding in order to continue. Explain the difference between the public sector and the private sector (2 marks)2. All of the following are active leisure activities except: a) Playing chess b) Playing football c) Playing bowls d) Hill walking (1 mark)3. Identify and explain two reasons why leisure time has increased (4 marks)
    • Question 1 (2009)Sport needs funding in order to continue.Explain the difference between the public sector and the private sector. (2 marks)
    • Question 1 (2009)Award up to two marks for correctly explaining the difference between the private and the public sector.Examples include: Private sector is owned by specific companies or individuals, probably as a profit making enterprise running some sort of membership scheme Public sector is owned and run by local authorities or councils and is not designed specifically to make a profit and is also open to all users.Accept the above plus any other suitable examples.
    • Question 2 (2011)All of the following are active leisure activities except:a) Playing chessb) Playing footballc) Playing bowlsd) Hill walking (1 mark)
    • Question 3 (Spec. Paper)The amount of available leisure time has increased and this has had an effect on the leisure industry.Identify and explain two reasons why leisure time has increased.Reason 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Reason 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. (4 marks)
    • Question 3 (Spec. Paper)Examples: Technological advances - such as labour-saving devices/ which leave more available time Greater unemployment - leaving many people with large amounts of free time Shorter working week - also leaving more free time Part time and shift work - which leaves certain times of the day where people would have time available.Accept the above plus any other suitable responses.
    • Private sector Public sector Types of leisure provision