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Sociology
Social Psychology
Social Institutions
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Definition
Basic Considerations
The Law and Politics
Markets and Economics
Education and ...
Social Institutions
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Definition:
“Structures in society, manifested as
groups of social positions and associated
social ...
Social Institutions
Basic Considerations
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All institutions are structures composed of social groups.

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A condition of ...
Social Institutions

The Law and Politics
Social Institutions
(Law and Politics)

Approaches to Deviance
– Structural (e.g. Merton’s Structural Strain)
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Innovator...
Social Institutions

(Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure)

Court System
Federal:
- The Supreme Court (1 @ 9)
- Court...
Social Institutions

(Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure)

State Court System
– Superior Court (58 @ 1)
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One for e...
Social Institutions
(Law and Politics)

The Criminal Process
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Arrest
Preliminary Hearing
Arraignment
Pre...
Social Institutions
(Law and Politics)

Social Psychological Considerations
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Arrest and Arraignment
– Memory / Cognitive...
Social Institutions

Markets and
Economics
Social Institutions
(Markets and Economics )

Approaches to Markets
– Structure (Adam Smith - Supply/Demand)
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Production...
Social Institutions
(Markets and Economics)
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Disintermediation and The Monetary System:

– The Federal Reserve – 13 Dist...
Social Institutions
(Markets and Economics)

Social Psychological Considerations
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Production, Distribution & Consumption...
Social Institutions
(Markets and Economics)
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Risk Preference
Salience
Reward
Value
CL
Risk
Social Institutions
(Markets and Economics)
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Money and Meaning:
Earned Income
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Wages, Salaries

Unearned Income
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Div...
Social Institutions

Education and Mobility
Social Institutions
(Education and Mobility)

Structure (Status Attainment Model)
– Parents Status, Education & 1st Job st...
Social Institutions
(Education and Mobility)

Social Psychological Considerations
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Attribution and achievement

– Status...
Social Institutions
(Education and Mobility)
Process (Soc Psych Model)
Role Modeling
Delayed
Gratification
Family
SES

Amb...
Social Institutions

Religion and Belief
Social Institutions
(Religion and Belief)
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Structure
– Hierarchically Organized (Bureaucracies)
– Bound by Symbols, Beli...
Social Institutions
(Religion and Belief)

Social Psychological Considerations
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Belief

– Dissonance Reduction

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Symbo...
Social Institutions
(Religion and Belief)

• Process (Soc Psych Model)
S-I’s Significance
Intermittent Rewards
Symbols
Bel...
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Social institutions ( Sociology )

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Social Psychology

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Transcript of "Social institutions ( Sociology )"

  1. 1. Sociology Social Psychology
  2. 2. Social Institutions       Definition Basic Considerations The Law and Politics Markets and Economics Education and Mobility Religion and Belief
  3. 3. Social Institutions  Definition: “Structures in society, manifested as groups of social positions and associated social relations, invested with legitimate authority, that serve to maintain and carry out essential social functions and perpetuate the social order. “
  4. 4. Social Institutions Basic Considerations  All institutions are structures composed of social groups.  A condition of social groups is the interrelationship of statuses.  All statuses are reflected in role behavior  Role behaviors are cognitively mediated by their occupants.  Hence, institutions are cognitively mediated structures.
  5. 5. Social Institutions The Law and Politics
  6. 6. Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Approaches to Deviance – Structural (e.g. Merton’s Structural Strain)  Innovator desires ends but hasn’t the means – Cognitive (e.g. Becker’s Labeling)  Attributions via sanctioned legal process
  7. 7. Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) Court System Federal: - The Supreme Court (1 @ 9) - Court of Appeals (11 @ 3) - District Courts (94 @ 1) - Bankruptcy Courts (94 @ 1) State: - Superior (58 @ 1) merged with municipal in 2001
  8. 8. Social Institutions (Law and Politics: The Judicial Structure) State Court System – Superior Court (58 @ 1)  One for each county – Municipal Court  Merged with Superior Courts in 2001
  9. 9. Social Institutions (Law and Politics) The Criminal Process          Arrest Preliminary Hearing Arraignment Pre-Trial Hearings Trial Verdict Sentencing Incarceration Parole
  10. 10. Social Institutions (Law and Politics) Social Psychological Considerations  Arrest and Arraignment – Memory / Cognitive consistency  Pre-Trail and Trial Judgments – Attribution of cause / Distributive Justice  Sentencing Practices – Labeling / Status Characteristics and Expectation states
  11. 11. Social Institutions Markets and Economics
  12. 12. Social Institutions (Markets and Economics ) Approaches to Markets – Structure (Adam Smith - Supply/Demand)  Production, Distribution & Consumption – Process (Arrow – Rational Choice)  Interpersonal Utility. Risk Preference
  13. 13. Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Disintermediation and The Monetary System: – The Federal Reserve – 13 Districts – Debt – Banks / Bonds – Equity – Stocks / VC
  14. 14. Social Institutions (Markets and Economics) Social Psychological Considerations  Production, Distribution & Consumption – Utility / Exchange Equity  Risk Preference – Opportunity Costs / Comparison Level  GNP – Generalized Exchange
  15. 15. Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Risk Preference Salience Reward Value CL Risk
  16. 16. Social Institutions (Markets and Economics)  Money and Meaning: Earned Income  Wages, Salaries Unearned Income  Dividends, Interest Capital Gains  Real & Personal Property Taxes To 40% To 77% To 28%
  17. 17. Social Institutions Education and Mobility
  18. 18. Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Structure (Status Attainment Model) – Parents Status, Education & 1st Job status Family SES Ability Ambition Education Grades
  19. 19. Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Social Psychological Considerations  Attribution and achievement – Status Characteristics and Success Attribution  Costs, Reward & Delayed Gratification – Delay as Dissonance Reduction  Role Modeling – Role Self Merger
  20. 20. Social Institutions (Education and Mobility) Process (Soc Psych Model) Role Modeling Delayed Gratification Family SES Ambition Education Ability Self Attribution Grades
  21. 21. Social Institutions Religion and Belief
  22. 22. Social Institutions (Religion and Belief)  Structure – Hierarchically Organized (Bureaucracies) – Bound by Symbols, Belief and Ritual Symbols Organizations Ritual Beliefs However, cognitive mediation => disassociation from task => rise of denominations and ultimately cults and sects, where the membership is based more on the beliefs, symbols and ritual than on the organizational membership.
  23. 23. Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) Social Psychological Considerations  Belief – Dissonance Reduction  Symbols – Significant Symbols  Ritual – Intermittent Reinforcement / Reward
  24. 24. Social Institutions (Religion and Belief) • Process (Soc Psych Model) S-I’s Significance Intermittent Rewards Symbols Beliefs Ritual Dissonance Reduction Organization
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