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Depression in College Students
By Holly Boles
CHHS 302
Psychology Major
Professional Interest
• Depression is a serious mood disorder that
affects millions of people worldwide
• Myself, my frien...
Critical Situation
• Millions of people suffer from this mood
disorder but not all of them are aware of the
causes and/or ...
Stakeholders
• College Students
• Parents
• School Administrators and Professors
• Advisors and Counselors
• Local and Sta...
Rhetorical Timing
• Depression is a very critical problem in the United
States, a study by Robert Gallagher in 2001
showed...
Summary of Research
•Major Depression and Dysthymic Depression are the two most
common forms of depression that effect col...
Summary of Research Cont’d
• Dysthymic Depression has similar but less severe
symptoms
• Students generally feel depressed...
Summary Cont’d
Causes
• Genetic: No proven evidence that if your parents have
depression then you will too, however their ...
Community Connection
• Campus Health Center
• Public and Mental Health Centers
• Student Population
References
• Peterson, K. S. (5/21/2002). Depression among College students rising. USA Today, retrieved from
http://www.u...
THANK YOU!
Questions?!
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CHHS Presentation 1

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Transcript of "CHHS Presentation 1"

  1. 1. Depression in College Students By Holly Boles CHHS 302 Psychology Major
  2. 2. Professional Interest • Depression is a serious mood disorder that affects millions of people worldwide • Myself, my friends and my family have been effected by depression • Depression is more likely to effect college students and people ages 18-25 (Peterson, 2002) • Depression has increased tremendously in the past 10 years
  3. 3. Critical Situation • Millions of people suffer from this mood disorder but not all of them are aware of the causes and/or the effects that depression is having on them and the people around them. • Some psychologists hypothesize that depression leads to binge drinking, drug use, and even suicide.
  4. 4. Stakeholders • College Students • Parents • School Administrators and Professors • Advisors and Counselors • Local and State Government
  5. 5. Rhetorical Timing • Depression is a very critical problem in the United States, a study by Robert Gallagher in 2001 showed that counseling centers reported an eighty five percent increase during the past five years in students with severe psychological problems (Peterson, 2002) • a study by the American College Health Association said that ten percent of college students had been diagnosed with depression. (Peterson, 2002)
  6. 6. Summary of Research •Major Depression and Dysthymic Depression are the two most common forms of depression that effect college students •Major Depression has severe symptoms and if not treated can reoccur •Major Depression interferes with the ability to work, sleep and even eat. It causes fatigue and feelings of sadness, anxiety and hopelessness •The biggest effect Major depression has on College students is suicide, a large sample survey showed that 44% of college students had considered suicide and 2% had actually tried (Rudd, 1989) •According to a study done in the seventies college students are fifty percent more likely to commit suicide then nonstudents (Beck & Young, 1978).
  7. 7. Summary of Research Cont’d • Dysthymic Depression has similar but less severe symptoms • Students generally feel depressed on a daily basis for at least two years; this can lead to a lower self-esteem, lower sex drive, and feelings of helplessness and insomnia. • Because of these effects students lose the ability to concentrate and make decisions, as well as the ability to socialize and have fun. Their school, work and social life slowly decreases and they became irritable and unpleasant to be around.
  8. 8. Summary Cont’d Causes • Genetic: No proven evidence that if your parents have depression then you will too, however their combined genetic make-up can contribute to your likely hood. • Chemical Imbalance: a study done by Canadian, Dr. Jeffrey Meyer, showed that levels of Monoamine Oxidase A, an enzyme that breaks down chemicals in our brain including Serotonin, Norepinephrine and Dopamine, were higher in individuals that suffered from depression than those that did not. This theory explains why depression causes changes in appetite and sleep for some people. • Stress: the number one theory for the cause of depression in college students
  9. 9. Community Connection • Campus Health Center • Public and Mental Health Centers • Student Population
  10. 10. References • Peterson, K. S. (5/21/2002). Depression among College students rising. USA Today, retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/mental/2002-05-22-college-depression.htm • Gotlib, I. H., & Hammen, C. L. (1992). Psychological aspects of depression: Toward a cognitive-interpersonal integration. New York: Wiley, retrieved from http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/beattie.html • Krames, L., O’Brien, E., & Vredenburg, K. (1988). Depression in College Students: Personality and Experiential Factors, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 35, 419-425. • Abramson, L. Y., Akhavan, S., Alloy, L. B., Chiara, A., Cornette, M., Hogan, M. E., & Whitehouse, W. G. (1998). Suicidality and cognitive vulnerability to depression among college students: a prospective study. Journal of Adolescence. 21. 473-487 • Rudd, M. D. (1989). The prevalence of suicidal ideation among college students. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 19, 173-183 • Beck, A. T., Young, J. E., (1978, Septmeber). College blues. Psychology Today, 83-92 • National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (1990) Advance report of final mortality statistics, 1988, Monthly Vital Statistics Report, 7. Hyattsville: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 143-148
  11. 11. THANK YOU! Questions?!
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