Align your passions to your practice. Align your practice to your passions.
I am learning all the time. The tombstone will be my diploma. ~Eartha Kitt
Friedrich Froebel created Kindergarten (1837 first school Kindergarten) 19 th century The name Kindergarten signifies both a garden for children, a location where they can observe and interact with nature, and also a garden of children, where they themselves can grow and develop in freedom from arbitrary political and social imperatives. In 1837, having developed and tested a radically new educational method and philosophy based on structured, activity based learning, Froebel moved to Bad Blankenburg and established his Play and Activity Institute which he renamed in 1840 Kindergarten .&quot; The kindergarten was essentially tri-partite: toys for sedentary creative play (these Froebel called gifts and occupations ) games and dances for healthy activity observing and nurturing plants in a garden for stimulating awareness of the natural world It was a search for metaphysical unity , in which the potential growth to wholeness of the individual child within the natural world would fulfil an harmonious ideal within the mind of God. &quot; Peter Weston in The Froebel Educational Institute : the Origins and History of the College Froebel's philosophy of education were based on the concepts of free self-expression, creativity, social activity, and motor ability and work.
Within 20 years of Frobeol’s death died in 1852 ( 1872) , Kindergarten was mandatory in western Eurpore for all childrem
His concepts grew out of combination of nature and religion emphasis. 19 th century – heavy emphasis on original sin. Maybe children weren’t inherently evil — a consequence of original sin. Maybe they were inherently good. If so, what could educators do to nurture this goodness? Fröbel placed emphasis not only on play, but on toys. Fröbelgaben — translated as Fröbel’s gifts — were a sequence of toys carefully designed to nourish the growing mind. The first gift consists of soft balls attached to strings; the second, a wooden sphere, cube and cylinder. These are followed by ever more elaborate collections of three dimensional blocks, two dimensional tiles, and one dimensional sticks. Lego, Tinkertoys, Lite-Brite, and the wealth of creative toys our children play with today are descendants of Fröbel’s gifts. Play is the “free expression of what is in a child’s soul,” giving “joy, freedom, contentment, inner and outer rest, [and] peace with the world.”
Froebel developed a specific set of 20 &quot;gifts&quot; and &quot;occupations&quot; - physical objects such as balls, blocks, and sticks - for children to use in the kindergarten. Froebel carefully designed these gifts to help children recognize and appreciate the common patterns and forms found in nature. Froebel's gifts were eventually distributed throughout the world, deeply influencing the development of generations of young children.
In french called jardin d'enfants First public school kindergarten in torronto Article http://www.cayc.ca/backissues/kindernixon.pdf
Global Toy Sales Reached $71.96 Billion in 2007 and Expected to Top $86.3 Billion in 2010 Us = 30 billion 75 million children under 18 roughly $400/child
Andrew Pears, a farmer's son from Cornwall, and Thomas J. Barratt, a man often referred to as the father of modern advertising.
Seventeenth century Flemish painters show children blowing bubbles with clay pipes. Generations of 18th and 19th century mothers gave their children their leftover washing soap to blow bubbles. At the beginning of the 20th century, street peddlers and pitchmen were among the first to sell bubbles as a toy. During the early 1940's, a chemical company, Chemtoy, which sold cleaning supplies, revolutionized the toy world by systematically bottling bubble solution. Tootsietoy Company later acquired the small chemical company and put bubble solution into full retail distribution by the late 1940s. During the 1960s, bubbles became a symbol of peace and harmony to hippies and flower children and further popularized the sport of bubble blowing. In the 1970's, 80's and 90's, bubble making companies like Imperial, Wells and Pustifix came into being increasing world-wide sales of bottles of bubble solution to more than 200 million a year. Today, bubble solution is the best selling toy in the world!
Bubbles can be spphisticed
Freezing point for bubbles -15degrees
Stretch yourself. Your own individual bubble can’t grow unless you stretch yourself
Collect and gather as many learning experiences as you can
Learning 2.0 is the idea that blossomed from my thoughts and in developing the program I sought to remove the knowledge expert from the front of the class equation and capitalize on the two most important factors of any learning environment. That being have engaged participates ( notice these are not students, they’re participants who are engaged in their own learning) and motivation. Everyone needs some type of motivation to learn. So with the instructor removed from the classroom and the notion that participates would be engaged in charge of their own learning, I came up with some goals and fundamentals for this new program.
Experience of Play
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stansich/133438545/ The Experience of Play! Helene Blowers Director of Digital Strategy & IT Columbus Metropolitan Library ILA Reaching Forward May 2011
<ul><li>Lifelong Learning = Lifelong PLAY ! </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/entelepentele/2583927950/
What is Play? Play is the highest form of human activity - Nietzsche philosophy http://www.flickr.com/photos/mnadi/18067074
<ul><li>“ Play is the highest form of research ” </li></ul><ul><li>- Albert Einstein </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/devcentre/335708735/
<ul><li>“ Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood.” . </li></ul><ul><li>Friedrich Froebel </li></ul><ul><li>(1782- 1852) </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/madmetal/2208315035/
<ul><li>Play is the “ free expression of what is in a child’s soul ,” giving “ joy, freedom, contentment, inner and outer rest, [and] peace with the world .” </li></ul><ul><li>Friedrich Froebel </li></ul><ul><li>Father of kindergarten </li></ul>
“ The plays of childhood are the germinal leaves of all later life ” -Froebel http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3107090883/
Student teachers training in a kindergarten class in 1898 in Toronto, Canada. The first years of kindergarten in Canada by Dr. Glen Dixon, Canadian Children
Play is serious learning - Fred Rogers http://www.flickr.com/photos/gaspi/12944421/
What’s necessary for Play? http://www.flickr.com/photos/onegoodbumblebee/1444006597/
Name the toy? Best selling toy worldwide ever ! 1 st known image of toy – 1648 painting 1 st sold as a commercial toy in 1940 Over 200 million sold each year http://flickr.com/photos/jupac/2675420204/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/brandi_22/474558156/ A brief history …
Children Blowing Bubbles by Jean-Etienne Liotard (1702-1789)
Bubbles by John Everett Millais – Pears Soap 1886 Thomas J. Barratt & Andrew Pears Dawn of modern advertising