Canada where people live and how they trade


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Canada where people live and how they trade

  1. 1. Unit 8<br />Canada:Where People Live and How they Trade<br />
  2. 2. Location of Canada<br />2nd largest country in the world (Russia is 1st)<br />Surrounded by 3 Oceans<br />Atlantic, Arctic, and Pacific<br />Southern border is the U.S.<br />Alaska also forms part of the Western border<br /> Population= 33 million (very small for its size)<br />(U.S. Population is 9 times larger)<br />90% of the population lives within 100 miles of the U.S. & Canadian border – why?<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  3. 3. How does Canada’s location in the world help it to be a leader in world trade?<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  4. 4. Location and Trade <br />It is uniquely located on 3 oceans<br />Gives it opportunities to trade with Asia & Europe<br />Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway<br />Goods can be shipped from Central Canada to Ocean by boat only<br />Major benefit is a border with the U.S.<br />(#1 trade partner)<br />They share over 3,000 miles of border<br />Trade is relatively easy – very few restrictions<br />80% of Canada’s exports go to the U.S.<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  5. 5. Geographic Distribution of Exports (2000)<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  6. 6. Why does Canada Export 87.2 % of its goods to the United States?<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  7. 7. Canada’s Climate<br />South Eastern Canada has a MUCH warmer climate than the rest of the country<br />Warm to hot summers & cold winters<br />Allows for a long growing season<br />Pacific Coast has a temperate climate<br />Pacific Ocean cool the region in summer and warms it in winter<br />Over 100 inches of precipitation per year<br />Northern Canada is COLD!<br />Few people live here – temperatures can be below freezing even in the summer!<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  8. 8. Climate and Trade<br />Climate helps Canada trade with other countries<br />Southern part is good for farming<br />Long growing season and ample rainfall <br />Helps Canada produce canola, wheat, and other grains in large quantities<br />These are consumed and traded for goods that aren’t produced in Canada<br />Excellent system of highways, railroads, and air transportation has been built and adapted to the colder climate<br />Even though it’s colder than the US, it’s not too harsh for trade to take place<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  9. 9. Canada’s Natural Resources<br />Rich in Natural Resources<br />Coal, oil, natural gas, iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, and silver<br />Rivers and lakes have an abundance of fish, fresh water, and hydroelectric power<br />Good soil allows farmers to grow crops for Canadians with enough left over to trade with other countries<br />Timber is also a major natural resource.<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  10. 10. How does Canada’s ample supply of natural resources affect its trade?<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  11. 11. Natural Resources and Trade<br />Sells oil, natural gas, fish, agricultural products, and timber to other countries<br />Hydroelectricity is used in Canada and sold to the U.S.<br />5% of land in Canada is farmable<br />Actually a large amount because there is so much land<br />Rich soil produces valuable crops that are consumed in Canada and traded in other countries<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />
  12. 12. Would Canada be a good place to visit?<br /> A good place to Live?<br />How does it compare to the U.S.?<br />Created by Heather Bishoff<br />