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  • OCD: Causes-do not know the exact cause or causes of OCD. Research suggests that differences in the brain and genes of those affected may play a role. Symptoms- S/he exhibits compulsive behaviors, has obsessions. These obsessions and compulsions get in the way of the persons important activities. Treatments- Properly trained therapist, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), medication.N/A (N/A). International OCD Foundation. http://www.ocfoundation.orgPhobias: Causes- unknown, but believed they many be learned from observing others. Symptoms- extreme anxiety when faced with fear. Need to escape or avoid fear. Treatments- medications and/or behavior therapy N/A (N/A). Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: exact cause unknownSymptoms: worry about having a physical illness, these can be from mild to extreme Treatments: supportive care, medicines, psychotherapy N/A (N/A). Cleveland clinic.
  • Causes: thought to stem from a traumatic eventSymptoms: two or more distinct personalities inhibiting one person Treatments: medication, therapy Diana La Femina (2002). Multiple Personality Disorder.
  • Causes: Biological differences, inherited traits, traumatic life events Symptoms: feelings of sadness or unhappiness, irritability, trouble thinking, crying spells Treatments: therapy and medicationN/A (N/A). Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: unknown, several thing contribute, biological inherited, environmentalSymptoms: mood swings from elated to extreme irritable, manic episodesTreatments: requires life long treatment, medications, psychological counseling, education or support groups N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: unknown, believed to be a combination of genetics and environmentSymptoms: problems with thought process Treatments: treatments are lifelong, medication and psychological treatments N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: altered brain function, inherited, maternal smoking Symptoms: loses things, forgetful, trouble paying attentionTreatment: medication, psychological therapy N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: inherited and environmentalSymptoms: lack of remorse, irresponsible, lying and cheating, intimidationTreatments: difficult to treat, psychotherapy, medications N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: chemical imbalance, hormone levels, conditions that affect the brain or change the pathways Symptoms: behaviors become an obsession that are harmful to them or othersTreatments: therapy and medication N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Causes: physical injury or illness, psychologicalSymptoms: inability or delay to reach sexual climax Treatments: medication, therapy N/A(N/A).Mayo Clinic.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Common Psychological Disorders O Psychological disorders are diagnosed through abnormal behavior which is characterized through actions, thoughts, and feeling that are harmful to themselves or others.* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 2. Anxiety Disorders O High levels of negative emotions O Nervousness, tension, worry, freight, and anxiety O 29% of Americans will have experienced O Effects more women then men* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 3. Types of Anxiety Disorders O Obsessive- O Phobias: Intense, Compulsive irrational fear Disorder (OCD) O Specific phobias is O Anxiety-provoking the most common thoughts that won’t go away O Compulsive: irresistible urges to engage in specific behaviors* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 4. Somatoform Disorders O Somatoform O Hypochondriasis- disorders: Physical excessive concern health problems that stem from of ones health. psychological O I.E overreact to problems minor coughs and O Four types: pains Somatization, O Go to hypochondriasis, conversion unreasonable links disorders, and to somatoform pain germs/carcinogeni disorders.* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGraw cHill
    • 5. Dissociative Disorders O Dissociative O Dissociative Identity disorders: Disorder (multiple conditions involving personality sudden cognitive disorder) changes O Individual seem to O i.e loss of memory shift from one O i.e loss of identity personality to another* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 6. Mood Disorders O Mood disorders: O Major Depression: moods involving moments of deep depression and/or unhappiness abnormal elation O also loss of interest O Moment of great in life depression and mania* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 7. Mood Disorders Cont… O Bipolar Disorder: alternating periods of depression and mania. O Mania- disturbance of mood that can be enjoyable O Short run but damaging to person and others O Mania normally returns irregularly in multiple episodes.* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 8. Schizophrenia Disorder O Characterized by three types of serious problems O Hallucinations- bizarre and distorted false perceptual experiences O Disorganized thinking, emotions, and behavior O Reduced enjoyment and interest* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 9. Schizophrenia cont… O Paranoid schizophrenia-false beliefs, or delusions that distort reality O Disorganized schizophrenia- behave in childlike manner O Catatonic schizophrenia- abnormal social interaction and physical posture O Almost seem to be suck in odd movements* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 10. ADHD O Serious problems sustaining attentions and completing tasks O Highly distractible O Disorganized O Forgetful O Excessive talking* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 11. Personality Disorder O Personality O Antisocial disorders: believed Personality to result from Disorder: smooth improper social skills and personality lack of guilt about development in negative behavior childhood O People with disorder often become addicts* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill
    • 12. Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders O Sexual practice that O Forced Sexual differs from the behavior: norm threatened or implied forced to the victim O Rape- forcing sexual activity O Sexual abuse in children O Sexual* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill harassment
    • 13. Sexual Dysfunction and Sexual Health O Sexual dysfunction: O Orgasm inability to engage Dysfunctions: in normal sexual inability to achieve activity orgasm O Dysfunctions may O Female and male include desire, orgasmic disorder arousal, and orgasms* Benjamin B. Lahey(2012).Psychology An Introduction.McGrawHill