3.1.1 computer ethics


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3.1.1 computer ethics

  1. 1. 4.0 COMPUTER ETHICS AND SECURITY4.1 Computer Ethics 4.1.1Intellectual Property
  2. 2. LEARNING OUTCOMES : At the end of this topic, students should be able to:  Define Intellectual Property.  Identify types of Intellectual Property.  Describe the importance of Intellectual Property
  3. 3. Intellectual PropertyIntellectual property (IP) refer to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions, literary and artistic works, processes, names and logos.Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.
  4. 4. Types of Intellectual PropertyIP is divided into two categories: i. Industrial property ii. Copyright
  5. 5. Types of Intellectual PropertyIndustrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source;
  6. 6. Types of Intellectual PropertyCopyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.
  7. 7. Types of Intellectual Property is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. invention - a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem
  8. 8. Types of Intellectual Property patents needed to protect inventions, and industrial designs, which are aesthetic creations determining the appearance of industrial products
  9. 9. Types of Intellectual PropertyA trademark is a sign which distinguishes thegoods and services of one trader from those ofanother. A mark includes words, logos, pictures,names, letters, numbers or a combination ofthese.
  10. 10. Types of Intellectual PropertyTrademarks is a service marks, layout-designs ofintegrated circuits, commercial names anddesignations, as well as geographical indications,and protection against unfair competition.
  11. 11. Types of Intellectual Property Connecting People
  12. 12. Types of Intellectual PropertyA copyright gives authors and artist exclusive rightsto duplicate, publish, and sell their materials.A legal term describing rights given to creators fortheir literary and artistic works.
  13. 13. Types of Intellectual Propertyrelates to artistic creations, such as books, music,paintings and sculptures, films and technology-based works such as computer programs andelectronic databases.
  14. 14. Types of Intellectual PropertyA legal term describing rights given to creatorsfor their literary and artistic works.
  15. 15. Types of Intellectual PropertyLiterary works - novels, poems, plays, referenceworks, newspapers, computer programs,databases, films, musical compositions, andchoreography Artistic works - paintings, drawings, photographs,sculpture, architecture, advertisements, maps andtechnical drawings
  16. 16. Importance of Intellectual PropertyA patent or utility innovation protection gives theowner of the patent/utility innovation the exclusiveright to stop others from manufacturing, using and/orselling the owners invention in Malaysia without theowners consent or permission.
  17. 17. Importance of Intellectual PropertyA trademark helps to identify the source and thoseresponsible for the products and services sold in themarket.A trademark enables consumers to choose goodsand services with ease while shopping.Consumers choose a particular trademark for itsknown quality.
  18. 18. Importance of Intellectual PropertyGenerally, owners of copyright works in literary,musical or artistic works, films and sound recordingshave the exclusive rights to control:•the reproduction of the works in any form (includingphotocopying, recording etc);•the performing, showing or playing to the public;•the communication to the public;•the distribution of copies to the public by sale orother transfer of ownership; and•the commercial rental to the public.
  19. 19. Importance of Intellectual Property To protect any original work that created by individual person/ company for example, image, drawing, lyric, publishing and so on. Preserve the features and processes that make things work. This lets inventors profit from their inventions.