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Strategies

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  • 1. Strategies
  • 2. Strategies• Sharing session with Ms Chong and Mdm Norah on their best practices – What did they do to engage the students? – Why do students display interest in subject? – How did they empower students to be responsible for their own learning?• Attending workshops or courses on: – Classroom management – Creating interest in subjects/ topics
  • 3. Strategies• School to provide supportive environment for teachers – Teachers are lack of own motivation
  • 4. Teacher play an important role in: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Students’ achievement (Patrick & Kaplan,2007)• Setting expectations and goals• Classroom environment• Teacher-student relationship• Different approaches to motivate students (humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, social)• Create interest and curiosity
  • 5. Expectations:• “How hard students will work can depend on how much they expect to accomplish” by Santrock, 2009.• Direct influence in performance, persistence and task choice
  • 6. Goals Setting:• Self-efficacy and achievement improve when short term goals set are specific and challenging (Bandura, 1997; Schunk,2008; Schunk, Pintrich & Meece, 2008)• Make commitments in bite-size
  • 7. Different approaches to motivation: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Cognitive Perspective (Intrinsic) – Internal motivation to achieve – Student’s effort that leads to success or failure• Humanistic perspective (Intrinsic) – Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory – Freedom to choose their destiny and positive qualities
  • 8. Different approaches to motivation: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Behavioral perspective(Extrinsic) – Extrinsic rewards and punishments (Emmer & Evertson, 2009) • Brings up the interest and excitement to the class • Drives towards appropriate behavior • Engage in task • Convey information about mastery (Bandura, 1982; Deci,1975)• Social Perspective – Need for affiliation or relatedness – Positive relationship with teachers, peers, parents
  • 9. Different dimensions of learning• Engaging prior knowledge• Collaborative learning• Real world context• Learning by doing• Self directed learning
  • 10. Learning Styles• Cater to different learning abilities students• Make learning more productive• Learning styles: – Fleming’s VARK model (Styles of Learning, 2011) • Audio • Visual • Kinesthetic
  • 11. ReferencesStyles of learning (2011) Retrieved October19,2011, from Styles of learning:http://www.leopard-learning.com/stylesoflearning.htmlSantrock, J.W. (2009). Educational Psychology(4th ed.) (McGraw-Hill International Edition).Boston: McGraw-Hill