Strategies• Sharing session with Ms Chong and Mdm Norah on their best practices – What did they do to engage the students? – Why do students display interest in subject? – How did they empower students to be responsible for their own learning?• Attending workshops or courses on: – Classroom management – Creating interest in subjects/ topics
Strategies• School to provide supportive environment for teachers – Teachers are lack of own motivation
Teacher play an important role in: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Students’ achievement (Patrick & Kaplan,2007)• Setting expectations and goals• Classroom environment• Teacher-student relationship• Different approaches to motivate students (humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, social)• Create interest and curiosity
Expectations:• “How hard students will work can depend on how much they expect to accomplish” by Santrock, 2009.• Direct influence in performance, persistence and task choice
Goals Setting:• Self-efficacy and achievement improve when short term goals set are specific and challenging (Bandura, 1997; Schunk,2008; Schunk, Pintrich & Meece, 2008)• Make commitments in bite-size
Different approaches to motivation: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Cognitive Perspective (Intrinsic) – Internal motivation to achieve – Student’s effort that leads to success or failure• Humanistic perspective (Intrinsic) – Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory – Freedom to choose their destiny and positive qualities
Different approaches to motivation: (Santrock, J.W., 2009)• Behavioral perspective(Extrinsic) – Extrinsic rewards and punishments (Emmer & Evertson, 2009) • Brings up the interest and excitement to the class • Drives towards appropriate behavior • Engage in task • Convey information about mastery (Bandura, 1982; Deci,1975)• Social Perspective – Need for affiliation or relatedness – Positive relationship with teachers, peers, parents
Different dimensions of learning• Engaging prior knowledge• Collaborative learning• Real world context• Learning by doing• Self directed learning
Learning Styles• Cater to different learning abilities students• Make learning more productive• Learning styles: – Fleming’s VARK model (Styles of Learning, 2011) • Audio • Visual • Kinesthetic
ReferencesStyles of learning (2011) Retrieved October19,2011, from Styles of learning:http://www.leopard-learning.com/stylesoflearning.htmlSantrock, J.W. (2009). Educational Psychology(4th ed.) (McGraw-Hill International Edition).Boston: McGraw-Hill
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