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Leadership 101 - Part 2
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Leadership 101 - Part 2

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  • 1. Developed by Dr. David Hays
  • 2.
    • Part Two of this course contains answers to these questions:
      • What is charismatic leadership?
      • Why is charismatic leadership important to followers?
      • Why is vision important to an organization?
      • What are the requirements for successful implementation of a vision?
  • 3.
    • Charismatic leaders
      • Inspire others and bring forth loyalty
    • Max Weber’s definition of charisma:
      • A quality that sets an individual apart from ordinary people
      • To be treated as if endowed with exceptional powers or qualities
    • Charisma is a gift or power of leadership
  • 4.
    • This theory was published by R.J. House in 1976
    • Charismatic leaders exhibit a combination of personal characteristics and behavior:
      • Dominant
      • Ambitious
      • Self-confident
      • Sense of purpose
  • 5.
    • Charismatic leaders…
      • Are role models
      • Demonstrate ability that elicits respect
      • Have ideological goals with moral overtones
      • Communicate high expectations and show confidence in meeting them
      • Ignite the motives of followers
  • 6.
    • Charismatic leaders generate hope and conviction in followers. They are people others perceive as being able to make things better. At the emotional level, effective leaders generate:
    • - Confidence in people who are frightened
    • - Certainty in people who are vacillating
    • - Strength where there is weakness
    • - Expertise where there is floundering
    • - Optimism where there is cynicism
    • - Conviction that the future will be better
  • 7.
    • Describe and discuss a leader you know who fits the description of a charismatic leader in previous slide.
  • 8.
    • Charismatic leaders emerge in every walk of life
      • Football coach Vince Lombardi generated respect and following of others through charisma
        • He cared
        • He worked hard
        • He knew the right answers
        • He believed
        • He kept the bar high
  • 9.
    • According to James MacGregor Burns, “charisma” has overlapping meanings:
      • Leaders’ magical qualities
      • An emotional bond between the leader and the led
      • Dependence on a powerful figure
      • Popular support for a leader that verges on love. Example, Herb Kelleher, Southwest Airlines.
  • 10.
    • Transformational leaders raise aspirations and transform individuals through:
      • Optimism
      • Charm
      • Intelligence
      • Other personal qualities
  • 11.
    • Transformational leadership was first discussed by J. V. Downton
    • However, identification of these leadership types is credited to James MacGregor Burns:
      • Transformational leadership
      • Transactional leadership
  • 12.
    • Transformational leaders
      • Focus on the potential relationship between the leader and the followers
      • Engage the full person of the follower
    • Transactional leaders
      • Focus on exchanges between leaders and followers. Exchanging one thing for another
  • 13.
    • Peter Drucker explains the importance of a vision:
      • It makes the organization’s purpose crystal clear
      • It provides a single-minded focus point
      • Without purpose and values, organizations lose credibility . Without credibility, an organization loses its ability to attract the people it needs to perform
  • 14.
    • Success begins with clear, compelling vision
      • Picture how things should and could be
      • Without vision there is confusion
    • Also required:
      • Skills
      • Incentives
      • Resources
      • Action plan
  • 15.
    • Elements that give life and strength to vision
      • Evokes pictures in the mind
      • Suggests future orientation
      • Implies a standard of excellence
      • Has the quality of uniqueness
      • Is an image of what could and should be
  • 16.
    • Leaders must ask three questions to test his/her vision:
      • Is this the right direction?
      • Are these the right goals?
      • Is this the right time?
    • The vision must be shared and supported
  • 17.
    • Management author Warren Bennis states that leaders must have:
      • A positive and future-focused goal or vision
      • Clarity of purpose and constancy of effort
    • Passion and authority come to leaders who know where they are going and have the dedication to succeed
      • Passion and authority inspire others to follow
  • 18.
    • A vision must be developed by leaders, those individuals with the strength and influence to establish direction and mobilize the organization
      • Leaders create clear and worthy images that motivate
      • Leaders are committed to purpose and persistent
      • They have a vision that appeals to the common good
  • 19.
    • A vision must be communicated to followers and must be supported by them
      • Leaders must let others see, hear, taste, and feel the vision
      • The vision must be understood so it can be implemented
      • The vision must be in harmony with the needs and nature of the people
  • 20.
    • A vision must be comprehensive and detailed, so that every member of the organization can understand his or her part in the whole
      • Roles and responsibilities must be understood
      • Everyone must know what is expected and the rewards that will accrue when the vision is achieved
  • 21.
    • A vision must be uplifting and inspiring
      • The vision must be meaningful and important to the members
      • The members of an organization must try to achieve the organization’s fullest potential
    5-
  • 22.
    • Review the video “I have a dream” located to the left and complete the exercise at the bottom of the video.
  • 23.
    • Proceed to Tab 3.

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