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EACOS NMC Summer 2013 Presentation EACOS NMC Summer 2013 Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • EACOS: A Framework forReinventing EducationNMC Summer Conference 2013Tom HaymesDirector of Technology, HCC-NorthwestJune 6, 2013“There are only two kinds of artists -revolutionaries and plagiarists.”- Paul GauginWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Rice, Chess,& Moore’s Law“Digital technologies changerapidly, but organizations andskills aren’t keeping pace. As aresult, millions of people arebeing left behind. Their incomesand jobs are being destroyed,leaving them worse off inabsolute purchasing powerthan before the digitalrevolution.”-Brynjolfsson and McAfee,Race Against the MachineSource: http://bit.ly/XDU6kFWednesday, June 5, 13
  • The BestChess Players?“The winner was revealed to be not agrandmaster with a state-of-the-art PC buta pair of amateur American chess playersusing three computers at the same time.Their skill at manipulating and “coaching”their computers to look very deeply intopositions effectively counteracted thesuperior chess understanding of theirgrandmaster opponents and the greatercomputational power of other participants.Weak human + machine +better processwas superior to a strong computer aloneand, more remarkably, superior to a stronghuman + machine + inferior process.”- Gary Kasparovhttp://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2010/feb/11/the-chess-master-and-the-computer/Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • Pink’sThreeQuestions1. Can someone overseas doit cheaper?2. Can a computer do itfaster?3. Is what I’m offering indemand in an age ofabundance?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syo6ecgclR0&feature=youtu.be“The future belongs to... creators and empathizers, pattern recognizers, andmeaning makers. These people - artists, inventors, designers, storytellers,caregivers, consolers, big picture thinkers - will now reap society’s richestrewards and share its greatest joys.”- Daniel PinkWednesday, June 5, 13
  • OutsourcingOurselvesTechnology and theEvolution of WorkAre We Teachingfor the Wrong Era?Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • The ExistentialChallengeWicked Problems identified at the2013 NMC Horizon Report Future ofEducation Summit:1. Rethink what it means to teachand reinvent everything aboutteaching2. Reimagine online learning3. Allow failure to be as powerful alearning mode as success4. Make innovation part of thelearning ethic5. Preserve digital expressions ofour culture and knowledge“One way to look at what wewere doing is that we weretrying to make new kinds ofbooks, and telescopes andmicroscopes, etc., to advance‘seeing and thinking,’ but ifyou give a microscope to amonkey they only will hold itup to admire their reflection ina shiny glass barrel. And Ithink this is what happened.Education never got on thebus and ‘augmentation ofhuman intellect’ (which is rightthere) got completelyoverwhelmed bythe mirror effect.”- Alan KaySOURCE: http://www.nmc.org/news/communique-2013-future-education-summitIs Education ready for the oncomingtechnological tidal wave?Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • Another Problem:We resist and normthe unexpected• We have to be careful about onlyseeing the current paradigm• It is easy to imagine that thetechnology of today is a logicaliteration of the technology of the lastthirty years. How do we know it isn’ta false start?• For instance: Large computer labscould easily go the way of thesteam-powered automobile“1) Anything that’s already in the world when you’reborn is just normal.2) Anything that gets invented between then and whenyou turn thirty is incredibly exciting and creative andwith any luck you can make a career of it.3) Anything that gets invented after you’re thirty isagainst the natural order of things and the beginning ofthe end of civilisation as we know it.”- Douglas AdamsWednesday, June 5, 13
  • How do wesystematically rethinkour perceptions ofWicked Problems?The problem is in mostcases no longer thetechnology.It is us.Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • Lessons from SiliconValley EntrepreneurshipNew ideas begin with a spark butthey require the right conditions tobecome a fire.Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • Creating a TeachingIncubator• Rapid Prototyping• Frequent Iteration (Pivots)• Data collection• Scientific analysis• Information sharing andcollaborationUsing Eric Ries’s Lean Startup ModelWednesday, June 5, 13
  • This has been done before:• In 1962, Douglas Engelbart laid out a framework designed to“Augment Human Intellect”• In six years he reinvented our conception of computing by reinventingthe research paradigm of his lab• He called it “bootstrapping”A Research Center for Pivoting EducationThe EACOS Projectseeks to followEngelbart’s model bybootstrappingpedagogical innovationin much the same wayhe bootstrappedtechnological innovation.Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • • Understand the ultimate Ends ofyour institutional and teachingstrategies• Use technology to Augment teaching• Leverage technology to enableCreativity in overcoming barriers• Always be on the lookout forOpportunities created by technology• Take a Systemic approach totechnologyEACOS:The TheoreticalFrameworkWednesday, June 5, 13
  • What are the Ends ofEducation?• We need to think strategically aboutwhat we’re doing by defining the endsof our enterprise• We need to start by agreeing on whatkind of educational products(graduates) we are seeking to create• Are we focusing too much on contentin an environment characterized bycontent abundance? (RememberPink’s third question)“The purpose of education is knowledge, and yeteducation is blind to the realities of human knowledge, itssystems, infirmities, and its propensity to error andillusion. Education does not bother to teach whatknowledge is.”- Edgar MorinWednesday, June 5, 13
  • One Approach to Finding Ends:Remixing Ruben Puentedurahttp://youtu.be/cpK7h4mjUhM“If you have an LMS and you can’t gossip in it, it isn’t going anywhere.”- Ruben PuenteduraWednesday, June 5, 13
  • “We refer to a way of life in an integrated domainwhere hunches, cut-and-try, intangibles, and thehuman ‘feel for a situation’ usefully coexist withpowerful concepts, streamlined technology andnotation, sophisticated methods, and high-poweredelectronic aids.”- Douglas Engelbart, 1962Ask yourself how yourapplication of technologywill Augment pedagogy• Technology is much more iterative than it waseven a few years ago and organizations thatcan leverage that capacity will have anadvantage• Can we adopt a nimble, entrepreneurialapproach to technology systems?Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • “Science is one of humanity’s most creativepursuits. I believe that applying it toentrepreneurship will unlock a vaststorehouse of human potential.”- Eric RiesUsingTechnologyto Augment• Engelbart is the meta-narrative as well asa component of the EACOS approach• Needs should drive design and designshould drive technology, not the otherway around• Accept failure and iteration as parts ofthe technological design process - this isa central feature of “bootstrapping”• Integrate your insights into the largergoal and move to the next step• Never accept technological shackles asa givenWednesday, June 5, 13
  • “The computer is simply an instrument whosemusic is ideas.” - Alan KayHow do we technologicallyenable Creativity?• Technology should liberate us, not confine us• Creativity is an inherent advantage humans have over machines (remember the chess players)• Computing technology offers the greatest potential for liberating creativity in human history• Creativity will be the element that keeps us human in a technological worldWednesday, June 5, 13
  • For most of computing history we’ve viewedtechnologies in isolation from ends, the humanelement, and other technologies.Liberating Creativityby Breaking thePriesthood“Guardianship of the computer canno longer be left to a priesthood. Isee this as just one example of thecreeping evil of Professionalism,the control ofaspects of societyby cliques of insiders.”- Ted NelsonWednesday, June 5, 13
  • • Technology constantlyreinvents the game and it isnot a straight path• Advancing on the chessboardwill create technologicalopportunities for education• Sweeping change canrestructure the landscape inpositive ways - bringing thehuman back to the centerBe on the lookoutfor technologicalOpportunities“The new age fairly glitters with opportunity but it is asunkind to the slow of foot as it is to the rigid of mind.”- Daniel PinkWednesday, June 5, 13
  • One Opportunity:Reshaping Teachingby Reducing theTech FootprintThe 1980s Technology ModelThe 21st Century Technology Model?• Learner-centered, not technology-centered• Characterized by open learning spaces• Mobile technologies free teaching andreduce technology clutter• Mobile technologies enable dynamicstudent participation• Ubiquitous technologies transform theentire campus into a learning space• Maker spaces enable rapidprototyping and entrepreneurshipWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Think SystemicallyAbout Technology• Technologies do not exist in isolation from one another• Technological systems are increasingly easy to changethese days. Human systems are not.• Advocate for systems that interact seamlessly so thatthe focus can be on task, not technology• Don’t accept technologies that interfere with teachingand innovation“Intellectual life and cultural development thrive in environmentswhich make it easy to abstract, excerpt, borrow, and remix”- John NaughtonWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Institutionalinterests oftenwork againstsystemic solutionsto educationalends• Business profits from segmentation - don’tmistake coverage for systemic thinking• Business interests will make segmentedapproaches attractive• Segmentation is easier for accreditors andlegislatures to measure• Segmentation is antithetical to 21steducational goals• Good technological and institutionalstrategies can overcome segmentation“It is an epistemologicalmystery why traditionaleducation has so oftenemphasized extensivenessand coverage overintensiveness and depth.”- Jerome S. BrunerWednesday, June 5, 13
  • The Goals of EACOS• Create a recursive, systemicapproach to unraveling wickedproblems• Provide a theoretical framework forchallenging technologically-drivenassumptions• Model a bootstrapping approach todesigning teaching incubators• Scale innovation from the classroomlevel to the institutional levelWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Making it Real1) Begin design work on a TeachingInnovation Laboratory at HoustonCommunity College2) Fall 2013 - Organize a retreat for HoustonCommunity College faculty to create localworking groups around the five EACOSareas3) Spring 2013 - Start pilot classesstemming from the retreat4) Spring 2013 - Begin development of anonline platform for sharing anddisseminating results of pilots5) Summer/Fall 2015 - Opening of theTeaching Innovation Laboratory spaceWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Contact InfoPreliminary Project URL: http://tech.nwc.hccs.edu/eacosThis presentation at: http://slidesha.re/11qZBEftom.haymes@hccs.edu(713) 718-5813Houston Community College1550 Foxlake Dr.Houston, TX 77084All original photography © 2010-2013 Tom HaymesWednesday, June 5, 13
  • Further Reading• Adams, Douglas, “How to Stop Worrying andLove the Internet” at http://bit.ly/1V3v4s• Brynjolfsson, Erik, & McAfee, Andrew RaceAgainst the Machine (Digital Frontier Press, 2011).• Engelbart, Douglas, “Augmenting HumanIntellect” at http://stanford.io/3iwwIg.• Naughton, John, From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg:What You Really Need to Know About the Internet(London: Querecus, 2012).• Nelson, Ted, Computer Lib/Dream Machines(excerpt), in Noah Waldrip-Fruin and NickMontfort eds., The New Media Reader(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003), pp. 301-338.• New Media Consortium, The Horizon Report,Higher-Ed Edition 2013 at http://bit.ly/wPZ75N.• New Media Consortium, “The Future ofEducation” at http://bit.ly/130a4WV.• Pink, Daniel, A Whole New Mind(New York,Penguin, 2006).• Ries, Eric, The Lean Startup (New York, Crown,2011).• Shlain, Leonard, Art & Physics (New York,HarperCollins, 1991, 2007).Wednesday, June 5, 13
  • Why start at acommunity college?• Community Colleges educate more then50% of US college students• Teaching and Learning are the focus ofour activities• Our students are generally morechallenged by the rigors of traditionalhigher education - putting a premium oninnovative teaching methodsWednesday, June 5, 13