Kakinomoto no Hitomaro. 662 – 710) was aJapanese poet and aristocrat of the late Asukaperiod.
Kanō Tanyū Hitomaru,- is famed for his longpoems, such as "In the sea of ivy clothed Iwami"TheBay of Tsunu", and "I loved her like the leaves."
Japanese Literaturecan be divided into fourmain periods:
1. Ancient literature (until 794)-Before theintroduction of kanji from China, Japanesehad no writing system.2. Classical Japanese literature-generallyrefers to literature produced during theHeian period, referred to as the golden eraof art and literature
3. Medieval literature (1185–1603)-During thisperiod, Japan experienced many civil wars whichled to the development of a warrior class, andsubsequent war tales, histories, and related stories.
. Early-modern literature (1603–1868)-Literature during this time was writtenduring the largely peaceful Tokugawa Period(commonly referred to as the Edo Period).
Much of the literary record of Japanesepoetry begins when Japanese poetsencountered Chinese poetry during the TangDynasty (although the Shijing was wellknown by the literati of Japan by the 6thcentury). Under the influence of the Chinesepoets of this era Japanese began to composepoetry in Chinese (kanshi).
World War II, and Japans defeat, deeply influencedJapanese literature. Many authors wrote stories ofdisaffection, loss of purpose, and the coping withdefeat. Osamu Dazais novel The Setting Sun tells of asoldier returning from Manchukuo. Shōhei Ōoka won theYomiuri Prize for his novel Fires on the Plain about aJapanese deserter going mad in the Philippine jungle.Yukio Mishima, well known for both his nihilistic writingand his controversial suicide by seppuku, began writingin the post-war period. Nobuo Kojimas short story "TheAmerican School" portrays a group of Japanese teachersof English who, in the immediate aftermath of thewar, deal with the American occupation in varying ways.