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Painting styles Painting styles Presentation Transcript

  • Folk painting styles of INDIA
  • Warli folk art  Native to the tribes living in the mountains and coast of maharashtra  Their style of painting, dates back to 2500 or 3000 BCE,  Has similarities to the rock art found in bhimbetka, madhya pradesh.  The paintings are traditionally done on mud walls and use a basic graphic vocabulary – a circle, triangle and square.  The image of the goddess is created in white colour since this colour is considered sacred and pious. Other figures are drawn in red and yellow, using natural colours.  Interestingly, these paintings depict social life and not characters from epics or mythology as in other folk art.
  • Phad paintings  Originated in Rajasthan  This form of art is around 700 years old.  An average Phad scroll is about 30 feet long. Mostly vegetable colours are used  Painted on cloth in the form of scroll.  A specific colour scheme is used, each colour pertains to a specific part of the painting.  The Phads mostly depict the heroic deeds and exploits of the local rulers and warriors such as the gallant Rajput warrior Prithviraj Chauhan, Amar Singh Rathore in the form of stories painted on long scrolls.  the ‘bhopas’ or narrators would explain the scenes in the paintings. .
  • Kalamkari  Alive in the state of andhra pradesh in south india  Art done on cotton cloth using a pen.  The word is derived from persian words kalam (pen) and kari (craftsmanship).  Traces its origins to 3000 years ago  Two schools of paintings - masulipatnam and srikalahasti  Masulipatnam school reflects the influence of the muslim rule in golconda,  The kalahasti school takes inspiration from hindu mythology, epics and religion.  The colours are all vegetable dyes.  Kalamkari is a painstaking and lengthy process, were sold to persians and egyptians.  In the 18th and 19th centuries, the english and french trading organizations bought these paintings customized with english, french and chinese designs.
  • Patachitra  Orissa  drawings on cloth.  origin: 8th century AD  linked to the famous Jagannath temple of Puri in Orissa.  In earlier days, the ‘chitrakars’ or painters were temple functionaries who lived in and around the temple town.  They mainly painted stories from Hindu epics, mythology and religious texts. Krishna Leela and Lord Jagannath are important motifs.  The colours are made from stones and plants.
  • • Patua 1. 1000-year-old art. 2. From west bengal. 3. It started out as a village tradition with painters or ‘patuas’ drawing popular stories of gods and goddesses on scrolls. 4. The ‘pats’ or scrolls are made of sheets of paper of equal or different sizes which are sown together and painted with ordinary poster paints. 5. Traditionally, they were painted on cloth. The idea was to educate the masses along with entertaining them.
  • Kalighat paintings  originated in 19th century Bengal.  From the depiction of Hindu Gods. Goddesses and other mythological characters.  Kalighat painting were a product of changing urban society of the nineteenth century Calcutta.
  • Pattachitra  The Pattachitra painting tradition is closely linked with the worship of Lord Jagannath.  The painters or Chitrakars are found mainly in the district of Puri, Orissa  These paintings were traditionally done only by males  The tradition of making patachitras is passed down the generations from father to son.  The Pattachitra painting tradition is closely linked with the worship of Lord Jagannath, and stories from the Ramayan, Mahabharath and of Radha & Krishna
  • Madhubani  Practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar state  Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments.  Traditionally done on freshly plastered mud walls and floors of huts.  Madhubani paintings mostly depict nature and Hindu religious motifs.  Passed down from generation to generation.  Mainly women painters
  • Rajastani Painting  Evolved and flourished during the 18th century  Events of epics like the ramayana and the mahabharata, krishna’s life  Mainly confined to rajput families  The colours were extracted from certain minerals, plant sources, conch shells  Distinctive styles combining indigenous as well as foreign influences (persian, mughal, chinese, european)
  • Mysore Painting  Originated in the town of Mysore in Karnataka.  Themes for most of these paintings are Hindu gods and goddesses and scenes from Hindu mythology  Colours: natural sources, vegetable, mineral, leaves, stones and flowers.  characterized by delicate lines, intricate brush strokes, graceful delineation of figures  gesso work (gold covering) is an important feature of Mysore painting
  • Tanjore Painting  Classical south indian painting from the town of thanjavur (TN)  Paintings come in three finishes: classic, antique style and embossed  Known for their surface richness, vivid colors and compact composition  Most paintings are hindu gods, goddesses, and saints  Tanjore paintings are static and located in the center inside beautifully decorated arches or curtains  Originally only krishna figures were painted but now a variety of figures are depicted.  Backgrounds are combined with high-glitter gold foil
  • Cave Paintings of INDIA
  • Ajanta Caves  Situated near Aurangabad(Maharashtra.)  Inside many of the caves are frescoes.  Frescoes are paintings which are done on wet plaster in which colours become fixed as the plaster dries.  They are found on the walls and ceilings at ajanta.  The paintings reflect different phases of indian culture from buddha's birth to his mahaparinirvana in the 8th century ad.  Natural colours like white, green, brown, yellow, black, and a wonderful colour of blue is found  They depict themes of court life, feasting, processions, men and women at work, festivals, various natural scenes including animals, birds and flowers.  The artists used shading to give a threedimensional effect.
  • Bagh Caves • Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh • Buddhist in inspiration • paintings are both secular and religious • influenced by Ajanta style of paintings • most beautiful one is that of Avalokiteshvara Padmapani • strong resemblance to the frescoes of Sigiriya in Sri Lanka.
  • Jain Caves • Jain cave temple complex in Pudukottai district of Tamilnadu (Sittanavaasal) • Contains remnants of exquisite frescoes from 7th century • Severely damaged due to vandalism • Detailed pictures of elephants, buffaloes, fish, geese, jains gathering lotuses from a pond and dancing girls • Considered to be some of the best frescoes of medieval India next to frescoes of Ajanta Caves and Bagh Caves.
  • Lepakshi Painting • Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh • beautiful paintings of Vijayanagar period • provides glimpses of contemporary dress like tall headwear (Kulavi), colored and embroidered sarees of both men and women in the paintings • Earth tones and complete absence of blue color in their painting • Costumes are outlined in black