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Kieran wylie


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  • 1. 1
  • 2.  All the way up to the 70‟s there was no form of social networking. Then in the year 1971 E-mail was created by Ray Tomlinson. Nothing then happened until the 00‟s. In 2004 Facebook was created by Mark Zuckerburg. T witter was created in the year 2006. 2
  • 3.  There was no  games nowadays computers in the  This is a game from 30‟s and there was the 2000‟s no computer games  space invaders  . Then in the year  This is a game from 1971 MITS created the 70‟s the PC. Later in the decade space invaders stormed the world. 3
  • 4. The I phone 3 Samsung galaxy mini Motorola Iphone 5In the 70‟s mobile During thephones became available 30‟s,40‟s andto buy but they were not 50‟s there wasmass produced until the only phone80‟s. On the right hand boxes then in theside there is 5 different 60‟s house phone became 70‟sphones can you guess available to buy, phonethem ? it at least took 10 years for it to become popular. 4
  • 5. Augmented reality is technology that combines virtual reality with the real world. The current world of augmented reality deals with live video imagery which is digitally enhanced with computer generated graphics. For example, a user might wear translucent goggles or view the screen of a camera equipped mobile device where they can see the real world as well as strategically placed computer generated images. Ronald Azumas definition of augmented reality is widely referenced in research literature. He defines an augmented reality application as one that (1) combines the real world with the virtual world, (2) is interactive and in real-time and (3) is registered in 3 dimensions. 5
  • 6.  Applications Applications for augmented reality are broad. The military uses augmented reality to assist men and women making repairs in the field. The gaming industry is moving games outside like the old days…equipped with wearable head gear of course. And then there is everything in between. 6
  • 7.  Navigation Navigation applications are possibly the most natural fit of augmented reality with our everyday lives. Enhanced GPS systems are using augmented reality to make it easier to get from point A to point B .Wikitude drive for the Android operating system which is currently in beta brings the GPS into the 21st century. Using the phones camera in combination with the GPS, the users see the selected route over the live view of what is in front of the car. 7
  • 8.  Sightseeing There are a number of applications for augmented reality in the sightseeing and tourism industries. The ability to augment a live view of displays in a museum with facts and figures is a natural use of the technology. Total Immersion, a global leader in augmented reality, develops systems designed to enhance the experience of the museum attendee. Their interactive kiosk solution allows guests to interact with the display in 3D. They choose a model card such as a human heart and hold it under the camera. On screen, a perfect 3D representation of the heart appears on screen allowing the guest to interact as if its a real heart. Out in the real world, sightseeing has been enhanced using augmented reality. Using a smartphone equipped with a camera, tourists can walk through historic sites and see facts and figures presented as an overlay on their live screen. These applications use GPS and image recognition technology to look up data from an online database. In addition to information about a historic site, applications exists that look back in history and show how the location looked 10, 50 or even 100 years ago. 8
  • 9.  Military The Heads-Up Display (HUD) is the typical example of augmented reality when it comes to military applications of the technology. A transparent display is positioned directly in the fighter pilots view. Data typically displayed to the pilot includes altitude, airspeed and the horizon line in addition to other critical data. The term "heads-up" comes from the fact that the pilot doesnt have to look down at the aircrafts instrumentation to get the data they need. The Head-Mounted Display (HMD) is used by ground troops. Critical data such as enemy location can be presented to the soldier within their line of sight. This technology is also used for simulations for training purposes. 9
  • 10.  Medical There have been really interesting advances in medical application of augmented reality. Medical students use the technology to practice surgery in a controlled environment. Visualizations aid in explaining complex medical conditions to patients. Augmented reality can reduce the risk of an operation by giving the surgeon improved sensory perception. This technology can be combined with MRI or X-ray systems and bring everything into a single view for the surgeon. Neurosurgery is at the forefront when it comes to surgical applications of augmented reality. The ability to image the brain in 3D on top of the patients actual anatomy is very powerful for the surgeon. Since the brain is somewhat fixed compared to other parts of the body, the registration of exact coordinates can be achieved. Concern still exists surrounding the movement of tissue during surgery. This can affect the exact positioning required for augmented reality to work. 10
  • 11. Since its inception in the early 1930‟s andcommercial availability in the late 1930‟s theevolution of the television is interesting.Although it seems like a world away, it hasonly been in recent years that the technologyhas changed drastically. Here is a time line todemonstrate the look, feel and uses of the TVover the decades. 11
  • 12.  1930s After its formal introduction at the 1939 World’s Fair, the first real commercial televisions became widely available. However, many networks like NBC and CBS had already been broadcasting for several years. Radio networks were quickly adjusting their studios to accommodate the new medium. Sets were large pieces of equipment with about 12 inch screens. They cost about £400 to £500 and the average household income was about $1300 a year. Programming was sparse. There was no “must see TV,” networks broadcasted specials like the 1932 presidential election, boxing matches and news reports. One of the most recognized images from this early era includes the 1936 Olympics from Berlin in which Hitler announced the opening of the ceremonies. 12
  • 13.  1940s Much of the hype surrounding televisions in the 1940‟s was swept under the rug with the onset of WWII. Although in the earlier portion of the decade, the United States wasn‟t involved with the war, production of televisions stopped so the U.S. could put their efforts toward developing radar technology. Even though the production of televisions stopped, the innovation persisted and color was introduced at the early part of the decade. This is also when the television commercial was invented. During the war, the television was used as a small propaganda machine. Encouraging people to buy bonds and support the effort. The post-war economy was strong and the late 40‟s saw a boom in television production. Two types of models surface the tabletop and console. People like Milton Berle, Ed Sullivan and Howdy Doody become some of TV‟s first stars. 13
  • 14.  1950s Often the 1950‟s have been seen as the hay day of the economical boom in the United States and the Golden Age of television. More people are buying consumer electronics, by the end of 1951 and there are more than 8,000,000 TVs in the United States. I Love Lucy, The Honeymooners, Father Knows Best and the Lone Ranger are some of the most watched programs. The TV Guide is the #1 magazine in the country. Colour becomes the wave of the future and the Remote Control is invented. Although most people had neither. The “tube” becomes an advertiser‟s dream come true. Products are marketed directly to the consumer by sponsorships. The “soap opera” is thus named for the cleaning products that sponsored the daytime dramas targeted directly at women. The family dinner is revolutionized with the introduction of the TV dinner. Family meals will never be the same. By the end of the decade, a 21-inch black and white set was about $200 and the average 21-inch color set was almost $500. 14
  • 15.  1960s Often the 60‟s are seen as the end of an era. An age of innocence seen in the 1950s died and would never be seen again in the United States. After the assination of President Kennedy, families gathered around to watch the news depicting a changing social climate and growing hostility toward an oppressive government. Americans begin to get more news from the television than the newspaper. The United States became obsessed with space travel. Everything sold had a space age edge, especially televisions. Everyone gathered to watch shuttle launches and moon landings. Televisions became more portable and affordable. It is estimated 75 million people watched the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan Show. The Vietnam War is the first conflict to be televised. Doctors legally advertised cigarettes. By the end of the decade there were approximately 78 million television sets in homes across the United States; 200 million around the world. 15
  • 16.  1970s Sesame Street debuts to children across the country. The show is still on the air after almost 40 years. Nighttimes broadcasts broke the traditional molds. Couples were now sleeping in the same beds, actresses could show their belly buttons and “All in the Family” and “MASH” are two of the most popular evening programs. Although it wasn‟t the first home video game, Pong became the most popular. The average salary is 7,500 a year and the average price for a TV was between £400 and £700 . The first direct to broadcast satellite television was launched in 1972. 1978 was the last year large Black and White consoles were manufactured 16
  • 17.  1980s The 80‟s saw little innovation with the television specifically; however, there became a growing number of television accessories like the VCR and home game consoles like Nintendo. Although cable had been around since the 50‟s, cable television saw a significant boom during the 80‟s. Sitcoms were more popular than ever. The 80‟s spawned programs like “Rosanne,” “The Cosby Show” and “Married with Children” (which is the longest running sitcom in television history.) The VCR took the United States by storm. Although introduced in the late 70‟s, the VCR didn‟t become a staple in the American home until the mid 1980s. Now, people could watch movies in the comfort of their own home and record and watch their favorite programs on their own timetable. 17
  • 18.  1990s The 90‟s saw big changes in technology all together. One can arguably say the 1990s was an age of technological change, thanks largely to the Internet. The personal computer became affordable enough for average people to own, the Internet was available through dial-up ISPs like Prodigy and AOL, and information was seemingly at our fingertips. Television programming became more risqué, pushing the FCC‟s buttons and spawned some of the most loved shows of all time including “Friends,” “Seinfeld,” “Twin Peaks” and “The Simpsons.” Johnny Carson left the Tonight Show in 1993 after more than 30 years on the air. Cable television programming saw a large boom at the end of the decade with shows like “The Sopranos” and “Sex in the City.” Broadcast on HBO, these series were exempt from standard FCC regulations and frequently depicted scenes with graphic violence, gratuitous sex and foul language. Audiences and critics loved it. Various TV technologies like Plasma and LCD are in experimental stages. Standard CRT televisions still lead the market. However, televisions now include additional features like picture in picture, sleep timers and parental controls 18
  • 19.  2000s DVD players take over the home theater experience. Much like the VCR, DVD players were introduced a decade earlier, but took some time to gain momentum. At the beginning of the decade, DVD players were in approximately seven percent of homes; in less than 10 years, more than 80 percent of homes had a DVD player. Thin is in. Advances in LCD and Plasma technology enable television manufacturers to produce a better picture, larger screen sizes and save space. The “home theater” experience was in the forefront of manufacture‟s minds providing bigger and better quality to the consumer. TiVo revolutionized the way we watch television. TiVo had the ability to pause live broadcasts and record several programs at once, even while the television was on another channel. TiVo can schedule recordings based on time, channel, title or celebrity. No longer were people tethered to their couches living by the network‟s times. They were free to watch what they wanted when they wanted. Reality shows take over the airwaves and TV becomes interactive. With the introduction of “American Idol” home viewing audiences became part of the competition. Encouraging the public to “vote” for their favorite performer, the programs enabled audiences to take an active part in the show‟s outcome. Now, a 30-second ad during “American Idol” costs about $750,000. Television goes all digital. In 2009, all analog televisions will go black. Networks will only be producing a digital signal. Less than 10 years after the DVD player‟s introduction, the second wave of video players were introduced touting better quality and longer run times. HD DVD and Blu-ray enter a battle for high definition supremacy, which is reminiscent of the VCR and Betamax war 30 years prior. TV goes online. With the introduction of high speed Internet, video streaming and digital recording enter the scene. Many are posting their favorite programs and commercials online without the permission of the broadcasters. This has led to many networks making their programs available online. Seventy-five years ago, the television was introduced with skepticism and awe. No one truly believed it would change the way we view the world. Now, people are more attached to their televisions than ever including programming on computers and cell phones; and manufactures, broadcasters and producers are continually finding new ways to bring big entertainment to the small screen. 19
  • 20.  I asked my Gran „Did you have phones when you were little?‟. ◦ She answered me with everyone in the neighbourhood had a telephone box to share. I then asked her „Have you noticed the changes in technology?‟ She answered me with yes there has been a lot of technology changes in my lifetime one time ago we had to share near enough everything. I asked my mum the same questions she told me that her family were poor but they had a house phone. My dad answered the same but his family had more money than my mums family. They also replied yes to the other question. 20
  • 21.  Thanks for witching this presentation. 21