Into to Tourism Chap 2 xtras


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Into to Tourism Chap 2 xtras

  1. 1. WTO Regions and Chapter 2 supplement Intro to Tourism Aj Scott
  2. 2. Tourism regions <ul><li>According to the World Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation (WTO), tourism can be divided </li></ul><ul><li>into 5 regions: </li></ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Asia and the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle East </li></ul>
  3. 4. Europe <ul><li>The Europe continent can be divided into </li></ul><ul><li>4 subcontinents: </li></ul><ul><li>Northern </li></ul><ul><li>Western </li></ul><ul><li>Central and Eastern </li></ul><ul><li>Southern and Mediterranean </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>The Asia continent can be divided into </li></ul><ul><li>4 subcontinents: </li></ul><ul><li>Northeast </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast </li></ul><ul><li>Oceania </li></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul>Asia and the Pacific
  5. 6. Americas <ul><li>The Asia continent can be divided into </li></ul><ul><li>4 subcontinents: </li></ul><ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Central </li></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul>
  6. 7. Africa <ul><li>The Africa continent can be divided into 2 </li></ul><ul><li>subcontinents: </li></ul><ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan </li></ul>
  7. 8. Middle East
  8. 9. International tourist arrivals
  9. 10. International top 10 tourist arrivals
  10. 11. Chapter 2 Tourism through the Ages
  11. 12. <ul><li>Recognize the antiquity of human travel over vast distances on both sea and land. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how these journeys have evolved from trips which were difficult and often dangerous to mass travel for millions today. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about some of the great travelers in history who wrote astonishing accounts of exotic places they had visited. </li></ul><ul><li>Discover the many similarities in travel motivations, economic conditions, political situations, attractions, and tourist facilities during the time of the Roman Empire and that of today. </li></ul>Learning Objectives
  12. 13. <ul><li>Great Pyramids of Egypt (including Sphinx) </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging Gardens of Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus </li></ul><ul><li>Statue of Zeus at Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>Collosus of Rhodes in the Harbor at Rhodes </li></ul><ul><li>Great Lighthouse (Pharos) in Alexandria, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Temple Artemis at Ephesus </li></ul>Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
  13. 14. If we are lucky, we will start watching a video now…. <ul><li>If not continue with PPT’s </li></ul>
  14. 15. The Seven Wonders Of The ANCIENT World with thanks to -
  15. 16. 1
  16. 17. 1
  17. 18. The Great Pyramid Of Giza
  18. 20. Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) <ul><li>Built over 20 years circa 2560 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Contains 2,000,000 blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Originally 481 ft (145.75m) has lost 30 ft (10m) </li></ul><ul><li>Slope = 51 ° 51’ Sides = 751 ft. </li></ul>
  19. 22. 2
  20. 23. 2
  21. 24. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  22. 26. Hanging Gardens of Babylon <ul><li>Built by Nebuchadnezzar II </li></ul><ul><li>604-562 BC to please his wife (?) </li></ul><ul><li>East bank of River Euphrates, 50 km S. of Baghdad </li></ul><ul><li>Only written descriptions = Greek (?) </li></ul>
  23. 28. 3
  24. 29. 3
  25. 30. The Temple of Zeus At Olympia - 150 km/93 mi W. Athens
  26. 33. Temple of Zeus, Olympia <ul><li>Designed by Libon. Built c. 450 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>40 foot statue by sculptor Pheidias. </li></ul><ul><li>Right hand = figure of Victory from ivory and gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Left hand =scepter inlaid with all metals, and an eagle perched on the sceptre. </li></ul><ul><li>The sandals and robe are gold. </li></ul><ul><li>- Pausanias the Greek (2nd century AD) </li></ul>
  27. 36. 4
  28. 37. 4
  29. 38. The Temple of Artemis
  30. 41. goddess of hunting, wild nature, and fertility <ul><li>Built around 550 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by the Lydian king Croesus. </li></ul><ul><li>Designed by Greek architect Chersiphron. </li></ul>
  31. 42. Ephesus- 50 km So. Izmir, Turkey
  32. 43. 5
  33. 44. 5
  34. 45. The Mausoleum At Halicarnassus
  35. 46. Statue from Halikarnassos <ul><li>Tomb of King Mausollos of Caria. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Satrap” – “local ruler”, under Persian Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Built around 350 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Project conceived by wife and sister Artemisia. Construction might have started during king's lifetime. </li></ul>
  36. 48. Damaged by earthquake in the 15 th C. In 1494 crusading Knights of St. John disassembled mausoleum to fortify their castle
  37. 51. 6
  38. 52. 6
  39. 53. The Colossus of Rhodes
  40. 54. To you, O Sun, the people of Dorian Rhodes set up this bronze statue reaching to Olympus when they had pacified the waves of war and crowned their city with the spoils taken from the enemy. Not only over the seas, but also on land did they kindle the lovely torch of freedom. Dedicatory inscription of the Colossus
  41. 56. Modern Reconstruction – orig. 294-282 BCE
  42. 57. “ few people can make their arms meet around the thumb” - Pliny <ul><li>226 B.C.E. – 110 ft high, but destroyed by earthquake – collapsed at knee </li></ul><ul><li>Sat in ruin for almost millennium </li></ul><ul><li>654 C.E. Arabs invade and sell to a jew from Syria. Takes 900 camels to transport pieces. </li></ul>
  43. 58. 7
  44. 59. 7
  45. 61. The Lighthouse Of Alexandria “ Pharos” Initiated by Ptolemy Soter Circa 290 B.C.E .
  46. 62. On behalf of those who sail the seas <ul><li>Tallest ancient wonder @ 180 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed 285-247 B.C.E. under Soter’s son Philadelphus. </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed by earthquakes in 1303 & 1323 </li></ul><ul><li>Could be seen 35 miles off-shore </li></ul>
  47. 68. Components of Tourism Supply NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT BUILT ENVIRONMENT OPERATING SECTORS OF THE TOURISM INDUSTRY Travel Trade Sector Catalyst, Planning, Development, and Promotion Organizations Accommodation Sector Events Sector Transportation Sector Adventure & Outdoor Recreation Sector Food Services Sector Attractions Sector Entertainment Sector Tourism Services PEOPLE CLIMATE PHSYIOGRAPHY INFORMATION SUPERSTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE CULTURE Industry -- Residents -- Visitors TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE SPIRIT OF HOSPITALITY