Web authoring

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Web authoring

  1. 1. The Internetisa networkof networks Thismeansthat the internetisa global networkof computersandserverswhichare all connected viathe WorldWide Web Web Authoring:protocols(rules) URL (UniformResource Locator): the webaddressof a website.Example: http://google.co.uk this protocol will directyoutothe website. Domain Name: The name of a website.These tendtobe memorable sopeoplecaneasilytype them intoan addressbar or search engine.‘’Facebook’’isthe domainname of www.facebook.co.uk  Top level DomainName:The lastsectionof aURL. They indicate the type pf websiteorits location. Country codes:  .uk  .jp  .ie Organisation Codes:  .ac  .gov  DomainName Registration:Thisishow users buya domainname.Forexample myteacher brought‘’Akitt’’withthe TopLevel Domainname ‘’.co.uk’’.Theseare soldandmanagedby DomainName Registrars.  InternetService Providers(ISPs):Thisisthe companythatprovidesyouwithaccessto the internet.  BT  Virgin  Plusnet  Talk-Talk Hosting: Companieswillletyouhostyourwebsite ontheirservers.Theystore yourwebsite fileson theirserverswhichare accessible toothersviathe internet.Thereisoftenamonthlyoryearlyfee for this. WebPage NamingConventions:Websitesare made of lotsof pages,all usingthe same URL. It is importantthateach webpage has a suitable name thatreflectsthe contentonthatpage.  Home page = www.example.com/index.htm
  2. 2.  Contact us= www.example.com/contact.htm  Aboutus = www.example.com/about.htm There are lotsof toolsand software available tobuildwebsites.Theseare dividedintotwo categories: HTML Text Editors These letyoutype the HTML code thatbuildswebsites.Theyare dependentonyourknowingall the code youwill needtobuildthe website youwant. Example:Notepad Visual Editors These letyoubuildwebsitesvisuallyanddomuchof the programmingforyou. Example:FrontPage,Dreamweaver Web authoring: Conventions Designingawebsite takesagreatdeal of planninganda lotof factorsneed to be considered. This will be veryuseful indesigningyourownwebsiteforassignment2,andyou will alsoneedtodiscuss DesignConventionsinyourassignment1report.We needtolookat mainrulesand conventions. Rule of Thirds The rule of thirdsisone of the mostimportantdesignprinciples.Itisarule that isappliedtothe layout and compositionof imagesand websites. Colour Schemes There are three maincolourschemesthata website canbe designedwith.Pickingthe rightcolour scheme foryourwebsite isveryimportantinsettingthe tone andfeel of the website.Colour schemesnearlyalwaysreflectthe nature of websiteandtheme of it.
  3. 3. Monochromatic Monochromaticmeansone colour.It uses differenttints,shadesandtonesof thatone colour.These are examples of how monochromaticusesdifferenttints,shadesandtonesof one colour. Analogous Analogouscoloursonthe colourwheel,thesecoloursare end-to-end.withone beingthe dominant color,whichtendsto be a primaryor secondarycolor,and twoon eitherside complementing,which tendto be tertiary. Complimentary • Complementarycoloursare setsof coloursthatwhenmixedinthe rightamounts,make white orblack. • Whenplacednexttoeach other,theycreate the strongestcontrastand underpineach other.
  4. 4. Fonts Fontsare dividedintotwobits,SansSerif andSerif.Sansserif meanswithoutflicks.Serif iswith flicks. Fonts & Texts Texton websitescansometimesbe groupedtogetherpoorly,makingitharderforthe userto read. Paragraphsare usedinwebsites,same astheyare inwriting,tobreakup longbitsof text. Each paragraph shouldhave itsownfocus.For example:  A paragraphwelcomingyoutothe website  A paragraphintroducingthe website andthenanotherexplainingwhatitisabout. HTML HypertextMark-upLanguage

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