Unit 13 assignment 2:Graphical styles


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Unit 13 assignment 2:Graphical styles

  1. 1. Name: Yaqub Nur School: Haverstock School Date of Submission:
  2. 2. Introduction  This Presentation will be about Describing what Graphical Style is and also illustrate what Colour Theory is as well and the four examples of Graphical Styles.  Additionally I will be talking about Cell shading, Abstract, Photorealism and Exaggeration.  Furthermore I will be expressing what each of these examples mean and what they are linked to.  I will also be talking about Colour theory and how it relates to Graphical Styles in Games.  Also I will be explaining each colour theory examples and how they are related to Graphical styles in Games.
  3. 3. Graphical Style  Graphical Style is is a set of reusable appearance attributes. Graphic styles allow you to quickly change the look of an object; for example, you can change its fill and stroke color.  Also Graphical Styles You can apply graphic styles to objects, groups, and layers. When you apply a graphic style to a group or layer, every object in the group or layer takes on the attributes of the graphic style.  If you apply the graphic style to a layer, all objects in or added to that layer will appear 50% opaque. However, if you move an object out of the layer.  Graphic Styles allow you to save a collection of effects as a Style so it can be used over and over again.
  4. 4. Photorealism- Example of Graphical Style  Photorealism is the genre of painting based on using cameras and photographs to gather visual information and then from this creating a painting that appears to be photographic.  Games which are used in Photorealism are Borderlands 2, Spec Ops: The Line and Mass Effect  Borderlands 2 is used in Photorealism because they are randomly generated loot, such as weapons and shields; and character-building elements commonly found in role- playing video game is in the game.  Also Borderlands 2 is 2 is an action role-playing first-person shooter video game.  Spec Ops: The Line is a 2012 third-person shooter video game.  It also show that Spec Ops: The Line is a third-person shooter with emphasis on cover and elements of squad-based tactics.  This shows that its photorealism because Various new weapons and equipment become available as play progresses, some dropped by downed enemies. These include several different rifles, handguns, and machine guns. This image represents Photorealism.
  5. 5. Another Example of Photorealism  In this example you could say that it is exploiting a realistic lifestyle that your average player wouldn’t endure.  Also with the burning down city and exploding cars which is brought to you in this cinematic style gameplay. This is a screen shot from Max Payne 3, as you can see the picture looks like it was made from a real human being reference shot.
  6. 6. Cel Shading- Examples of Graphical Style  Cel shading is a type of non-photorealistic rendering designed to make 3-D computer graphics appear to be flat.  Cel-shading is often used to mimic the style of a comic book or cartoon.  The cel-shading process starts with a typical 3D model.  Cel-shading in interactive media got its start with Jet Set Radio in 2000.  Examples of Cel Shading video games is Bastion, Crackdown and The Darkness II.  These are examples of cel shading because The back faces are drawn with thick lines and that The object is drawn with a basic texture and it also includes Shading. Another outlining technique is to use 2D image-processing. First, the scene is rendered (with cel-shading) to a screen- sized color texture: Then, the scene's depth and world-space surface normal information are rendered to screen-sized textures:
  7. 7. Examples of Cel Shading  This is ‘Naruto Shippuden Ultimate Ninja Storm’ which is not only a game franchise but a Japanese Manga and Anime.  If you look closely you can see the faint outlines and heavy frown lines used on the character.  Also the use of bright vibrant colours is another strong stereotype attached with cel shaded games.
  8. 8. Another Example of Cel Shading  Another example of a Cel Shading game is The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker for the Nintendo Gamecube in 2003 really put the technique on the map, and created an interest that’s endured ever since.  The Wind Waker is a good example: the game world is huge, and far bigger than it could be if it had used more realistic graphics.  Cel shading also gives The Wind Waker its unforgettable style, and helps the title stand out against the many other Zelda games.
  9. 9. Abstraction  Abstract art styling in games could be defined as the opposite to photo realism, the style doesn't strive to resemble realism in anyway and often has features that are very unrealistic and may look different in the different perspectives of different people seeing them  The style usually makes use of a lot of shapes and lines that don't really resemble any actually objects in real life  Abstract is not just another name for cartoony or cel-shading it is just like other abstract art forms which is it does not resemble any sought reality but gives of an image using random shapes and colours to get the desired effect  The Unfinished Swan would not be able to work with any other art style because this gives the game its main mechanic which is the key element to this game which is exploration.
  10. 10. Example of a Abstract  Many abstract games make use of vivid colours while some use very subtle colours that make you feel relaxed E.g. Geometry Wars use a lot of vibrant neon colours and works at a fast pace.  Whereas games like Flow use subtle colours and the gameplay is relaxed to match the visual style. This is ‘Geometry Wars 2′ this is intended not to look like anything and is meant to look like it’s own game
  11. 11. Another example of Abstract  The Unfinished Swan is a video game developed by Giant Sparrow for the PlayStation 3 and which is distributed on the PlayStation Network. The game starts with a completely white space in which the player, a boy named Monroe, is chasing after a swan that has escaped a painting  Another example of Abstract is The unfinished swan which is nothing but a white canvas and you must throw black paint which then makes object visible allowing you to continue to where you must go.  The Unfinished Swan would not be able to work with any other art style because this gives the game its main mechanic which is the key element to this game which is exploration.
  12. 12. Exaggeration  Exaggeration is a very sought of playful art style that is used in various games. The art style concentrates on using very over the top graphics that can really make the game seem like it its not meant to be taken very serious.  Wario Ware is probably the best example of this using an exaggerated art style that really compliments its exaggerated gameplay. Anime is also a widely used art style that is considered exaggerated because of the proportions of things can be much exaggerated.  The exaggeration art style might have started at attempting to look photo realistic, but as the art style has developed, character's features have become more over dramatic or exaggerated when some audiences favoured the style.
  13. 13. Examples of Exaggeration  Example of a Exaggeration is Geri's Game which has a lot of exaggeration because it is used a lot within animation to portray personalities and emotions more effectively.  Also The body is also reacting with the expression by clutching and flailing in the air.  In these images, you can see how the character is exaggerating a scene in order to portray what's going on within this certain part of the plot
  14. 14. Another Example of a Exaggeration  A good example of exaggerated graphics is Rocksteady’s Batman Arkham City, what makes this scene exaggerated is Batmans overly mascular body.  Although he is designed to look like a real human his features are exaggerated to make him look stronger to fit the stereotypical look of a male.
  15. 15. Color Theory  Color theory is a body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual effects of specific color combination.  There are also definitions (or categories) of colors based on the color wheel: primary color, secondary color and tertiary color.  Primary Color are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors.  Secondary Colors is a color made by mixing two primary colors in a given color space.  Tertiary Colors is a color made by mixing either one primary color with one secondary color, or two secondary colors, in a given color space such as RGB.  When most color effects are due to contrasts on three relative attributes that define all colours:  Lightness (light vs. dark, or white vs. black),  Saturation (intense vs. dull), and  Hue (e.g., red, orange, yellow, green, blue or purple).  Color theory was originally formulated in terms of three "primary" or "primitive" colors—red, yellow and blue.  This is because these colors were believed capable of mixing all other colors.
  16. 16. Complementary colors  Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined in the right proportions, produce white or black.  When placed next to each other, they create the strongest contrast and reinforce each other.  The pairs of complementary colors vary depending upon the color model, and how the color is made.  RGB color model, used to make colors on computer and television displays, red, green and blue light are combined at various Power to make all the other colors.  The complementary pairs are red–cyan, green–magenta, and blue–yellow. This image shows the colours of Secondary and Primary and Tertiary Colors which are Complementary Colors
  17. 17. Cool Colors  A cool color is one that gives a feeling of calm and creates a calming impression.  These colors are not only comforting but they are also nurturing. Blue, green, white, silver and grey are all cool colors.  The Cool colors associated with a gray or overcast day.  Cool colors are often said to be the hues from blue green through blue violet, most greys included. This is a image of Warm colours and Cool colours . It also defines what colours are warm and cool.
  18. 18. Warm colors  Warm colors are colors whose relative visual temperature makes them seem warm. They are based on the red, orange, and yellow and tend to suggest a sense of sunlight and warmth. The positive attributes of these colors include love, passion, heat, joy, and power.  Warm colors are often said to be hues from red through yellow, browns and tans.  Warm colors are said to advance or appear more active in a painting.  Warm colors are said to arouse or stimulate the viewer. This image shows Warm Colors and Cool Colors. The Warm Colors are on the right and the Cool Colors(Cold) is on the left side
  19. 19. Tints and shades  In color theory, A Tint is the mixture of a color with white, which increases Lightness  A Shade is the mixture of a color with black, which reduces Lightness  A Tone is produced either by mixing with grey, or by both tinting and shading  Mixing a color with any neutral color, including black and white, reduces the chroma, or colorfulness, while the hue remains unchanged. An extension of the color wheel: the color sphere. Colours nearest the centre or the poles are most achromatic. Colours of the same lightness and saturation are of the same nuance. Colours of the same hue and saturation, but of different lightness, are said to be tints and shades. Colours of the same hue and lightness, but of varying saturation, are called tones.
  20. 20. Achromatic colors  Also Achromatic color is a color that lacks hues. The colors are white, black and grey. However, there are many shades of grey, which means achromatic colors can still be visually stunning.  Black and white have long been known to combine well with almost any other colors; black decreases the apparent saturation or brightness of colors paired with it, and white shows off all hues to equal effect.
  21. 21. Color Wheel  A color wheel or color circle is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle that shows relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, complementary colors.  Artists typically use red, yellow, and blue primaries (RYB color model) arranged at three equally spaced points around their color wheel.
  22. 22. Split Priamry Colors  In painting and other visual arts, two-dimensional color wheels or three-dimensional color solids are used as tools to teach beginners the essential relationships between colors.  Organization of colors in a particular color model depends on the purpose of that model: some models show relationships based on human color.
  23. 23. Color Schemes  A color scheme is the choice of colors used in design for a range of media.  Color schemes are used to create style and appeal  Color schemes can contain different "Monochromatic" shades of a single color; for example, a color scheme that mixes different shades of green, ranging from very light (white), to very neutral (gray), to very dark (black). Celebration with fireworks over Miami, Florida, USA on American Independence Day. Bank of America Tower is also lit with the red, white and blue color scheme
  24. 24. Monochromatic  Monochromatic Color Scheme is created by taking any one of the twelve Hues from the Basic Color Wheel and repeating it in various Tints, Shades and Tones.  Monochromatic color schemes are Collected from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints.  The use of monochromatic color provides a strong sense of visual Attachment.