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Theorist research
 

Theorist research

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    Theorist research Theorist research Presentation Transcript

    • The Semantic Code (SEM)
      The Hermeneutic code (HER)
      Roland Barthes - 5 Codes
      The Cultural Code (REF)
      The Symbolic Code (SYM)
      The Proairetic Code (ACT)
    • The Semantic Code (SEM)
      The Semantic code refers to connotation within the story that gives additional meaning over the basic denotative meaning of the word.
    • The Hermeneutic code (HER)
      The Hermeneutic Code refers to any element of the story that is not fully explained and hence becomes a mystery to the reader.
    • The Cultural Code (REF)
      The Cultural code refers to anything that is founded on some kind of canonical works that cannot be challenged and is assumed to be a foundation for truth.
    • The Proairetic Code (ACT)
      The Proairetic Code builds tension, referring to any other action or event that indicates something else is going to happen which gets the reader guessing to what will happen next.
    • The Symbolic Code (SYM)
      The Symbolic code is very similar to the Semantic Code, but acts at a wider level, organizing semantic meanings into broader and deeper sets of meaning.
    • Tzvetan Todorov is a philosopher and cultural critic and the author of over 20 books.
      Tzvetan Todorov
      Tzvetan Todorov’s believed that there are five stages to narrative structure:
      • A state of Equilibrium. (All as is if it should be)
      • A disruption to that order (by an event)
      • A recognition that the disorder has occurred.
      • An attempt to repair the damage.
      • A return or restoration to start a NEW equilibrium. 
    • Vladimir Propp analysed a whole series of Russian folk tales in the 1920s.
      Vladimir Propp
      Vladimir Propp’s theory was formed in the early twentieth Century. He studies Russian fairytales and discovered that in stories there were always 8 types of characters evident.
      • The hero,
      • The villain,
      • The donor,
      • The dispatcher,
      • The false hero,
      • The helper,
      • The princess and her father.
    • Propp's Narrative Functions (31)
      1. A member of a family leaves home
      2. An interdiction is addressed to the hero
      3. The hero ignores the interdiction
      4. The villain appears
      5. The villain gains information about the victim
      6. The villain attempts to deceive the victim to take possession of victim or victim's belongings
      7. The victim is fooled by the villain, unwittingly helps the enemy
      8. Villain causes harm/injury to family/tribe member
      9. Misfortune or lack is made known
      10. Seeker agrees to, or decides upon counter-action
      11. Hero leaves home
      12. Hero is tested, interrogated, attacked etc, preparing the way for his/her receiving magical agent or helper
      13. Hero reacts to actions of future donor
      14. Hero acquires use of a magical agent
      15. Hero is transferred, delivered or led to whereabouts of an object of the search
      16. Hero and villain join in direct combat
    • 18. Villain is defeated
      19. Initial misfortune or lack is resolved
      20. Hero returns
      21. Hero is pursued
      22. Hero is rescued from pursuit
      23. Hero unrecognised, arrives home or in another country
      24. False hero presents unfounded claims
      25. Difficult task proposed to the hero
      26. Task is resolved
      27. Hero is recognised
      28. False hero or villain is exposed
      29. Hero is given a new appearance
      30. Villain is punished
      31.Hero marries and ascends the throne
    • laude Lévi-Strauss was born in Belgium on 28 November 1908 to French parents.
      He undertook a law degree at the University of Paris.
      Claude Levi-Strauss
      Levi-Straus believed that the individual narrative structure could be grasped as the imaginary resolution to real contradiction.