Radio sataion braodcasting by fateha


Published on

Published in: Entertainment & Humor
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Radio sataion braodcasting by fateha

  2. 2. • Telephone broadcasting (1881–1932): the earliest form of electronic broadcasting (not counting data services offered by stock telegraph companies from 1867, if ticker-tapes are excluded from the definition). Telephone broadcasting began with the advent of Théâtrophone ("Theatre Phone") systems, which were telephone-based distribution systems allowing subscribers to listen to live opera and theatre performances over telephone lines, created by French inventor in 1881. Telephone broadcasting also grew to include telephone newspaper services for news and entertainment programming which were introduced in the 1890s, primarily located in large European cities. These telephone-based subscription services were the first examples of electrical/electronic broadcasting and offered a wide variety of programming. • Radio broadcasting (experimentally from 1906, commercially from 1920): radio broadcasting is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, broadcast through the air as radio waves from a transmitter to a radio antenna and, thus, to a receiver. Stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast common radio programs, either in broadcast syndication, simulcast or sub channels. • History of television broadcasting (telecast), experimentally from 1925, commercial television from the 1930s: this television programming medium was long-awaited by the general public and rapidly rose to compete with its older radio-broadcasting sibling. • Cable radio (also called "cable FM", from 1928) and cable television (from 1932): both via coaxial cable, serving principally as transmission mediums for programming produced at either radio or television stations, with limited production of cable-dedicated programming. • Direct-broadcast satellite (DBS) (from circa 1974) and satellite radio (from circa 1990): meant for direct-to- home broadcast programming (as opposed to studio network uplinks and downlinks), provides a mix of traditional radio or television broadcast programming, or both, with dedicated satellite radio programming. (See also: Satellite television) • Webcasting of video/television (from circa 1993) and audio/radio (from circa 1994) streams: offers a mix of traditional radio and television station broadcast programming with dedicated internet radio–webcast programming. Types of broadcasting.
  3. 3. The UK the term "public service broadcasting" refers to broadcasting which is intended for the public and will benefit rather than for purely commercial concerns. The communications regulator Ofcom requires that certain television and radio broadcasters fulfil certain requirements as part of their licence to broadcast. All of the BBC's television and radio stations have a public service remit, including those that broadcast digitally. The BBC, whose broadcasting in the UK is funded by a licence fee and does not sell advertising time, is most notable for being the first public service broadcaster in the UK. Its first director general, Lord Reith introduced many of the concepts that would later define PSB in the UK when he adopted the mission to "inform, educate and entertain". With the launch of the first commercial broadcaster ITV in 1955, the government required that the local franchises fulfilled a similar obligation, mandating a certain level of local news coverage, arts and religious programming, in return for the right to broadcast. Public service radio stations: the bbc
  4. 4. The BBC today runs eleven national domestic radio stations, six of which are only available in a digital format: via DAB Digital Radio, UK digital television (satellite, cable and Freeview) plus live streams and listen again on the Internet. • BBC Radio 1 – popular music aimed at a young audience • BBC Radio 1Xtra – hip hop, garage, RnB, drum & bass & dancehall, aimed at a young audience • BBC Radio 2 – adult-orientated popular music • BBC Radio 3 – classical, jazz and world music, culture, drama • BBC Radio 4 – spoken-word programmes • BBC Radio 4 Extra – archive comedy, drama and children's programming, formerly known as Radio 7 • BBC Radio 5 Live – news and sport • BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra - sport, used as an overflow station when 5 Live is broadcasting live sport at the same time National bbc radio stations
  5. 5. BBC Local Radio is the BBC's regional radio service for England and the Channel Islands, consisting of 40 stations. They cover a variety of areas with some serving a city and surrounding areas, for example BBC Radio Manchester; a county, for example BBC Radio Norfolk; an administrative region for example BBC WM; or a larger region entirely for example BBC Radio Solent. The stations were launched progressively starting with BBC Radio Leicester on 8 November 1967 with the last station to launch being the ill fated BBC Dorset FM on 26 April 1993. Since then, numerous local radio stations have been merged and renamed, however no new stations have been created where no service previously existed. Local bbc radio station
  6. 6. Radio broadcasting is a one-way wireless transmission over radio waves intended to reach a wide audience. Stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast a common radio format, either in broadcast syndication or simulcast or both. Audio broadcasting also can be done via cable radio, local wire television networks, satellite radio, and internet radio via streaming media on the Internet. The earliest radio stations were simply radiotelegraphy systems and did not carry audio. The first claimed audio transmission that could be termed a broadcast occurred on Christmas Eve in 1906, and was made by Reginald Fessenden. Whether this broadcast actually took place is disputed.] While many early experimenters attempted to create systems similar to radiotelephone devices by which only two parties were meant to communicate, there were others who intended to transmit to larger audiences. Charles Harold started broadcasting in California in 1909 and was carrying audio by the next year. (Harold's station eventually became RADIO BROADCASTING
  7. 7. The BBC World Service is the world's largest international broadcaster. broadcasting news, speech and discussions in 28 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, FM and MW relays. The World Service was reported to have reached 188 million people a week on average in June 2009. It does not carry advertising, and the English language service broadcasts 24 hours a day. The World Service is currently funded by grant-in-aid through the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the British Government, however from 2014, it will be funded by the compulsory television licence fee levied on every household in the United Kingdom using a television to watch broadcast programmes. International>BBC world SERVICE.
  8. 8. •The BBC also runs radio stations for the three "national regions". These stations focus on local issues. •BBC Radio Scotland: News, music, sport and talk from Scotland •BBC Radio nan Gàidheal: Scottish Gaelic language network •BBC Radio Shetland: News, music, sport and talk from Shetland •BBC Radio Orkney: News, music, sport and talk from Orkney •BBC Radio Wales: News, music, sport and talk from Wales •BBC Radio Cymru: Welsh language network •BBC Radio Ulster: News, music, sport and talk from Northern Ireland •BBC Radio Foyle: News, music, sport and talk from north-west of Northern Ireland Regional Stations
  9. 9. 10/11/13 The Licence Fee The licence fee is used almost entirely to fund the BBC's domestic radio, television and internet services. The money received from the fee represents approximately 75% of the cost of these services with most of the remainder coming from the profits of BBC Worldwide — a commercial wing of the corporation which sells programmes and runs stations overseas (such as BBC World News), as well as other business allied to broadcasting such as publishing. A television licence is required for each household where television programmes are watched as they are broadcast.e licence fee has, however, attracted criticism. It has been argued that in an age of multi stream, multi- channel availability, an obligation to pay a licence fee is no longer appropriate. The BBC's use of private sector company Capita Group to send letters to premises not paying the licence fee has been criticised, especially as there have been cases where such letters have been sent to premises which are up to date with their payments, or do not require a TV licence.
  10. 10. 10/11/13 advantages and disadvantages of licence fee- the bbc radio People personally thinks that the TV licence is not only good value and a fair price to pay, but also pretty important. Commercial channels such as channel 4 and the trashy ITV (forgive my personal opinions coming forward a bit harshly here) rely on adverts to fund their programming. This means that if companies don't think it's worth advertising on there, the programmes stop and we have no more TV. Of course this is about as likely as Will Young and Margaret Thatcher jumping into bed together for a sex romp, but it's worth considering. Our TV licence guarantees us quality programming on our TV's and no adverts. However, many people argue that since the BBC has now increased its number of stations to include 6 digital channels, that people with digital have an advantage. The reason for this, is that people with digital pay the same licence as people without, yet they get more channels from the BBC. I can see this as a fair point, but hold on a minute........don't they have to pay for digital? Still, I can empathise with people that don't have digital, although by 2010, the government aims to abolish analogue viewing and convert all channels to digital, so it wont really matter anyway. As the BBC does not have to rely on advertisers to fund it, it can produce more speciality and minority programming. On commercial stations these sorts of programmes might not get enough listeners so advertisers would not want to give the station money.
  11. 11. 10/11/13 The BBC aims to…. Represent the different nations, regions and communities to the rest of the UK. Cater for the different nations, regions and communities of the UK. Bring people together for shared experiences. Encourage interest in, and conversation about local communities. Reflect the different religious and other beliefs in the UK. Provide output in minority languages.
  12. 12. 10/11/13 what else does the bbs radio stations owns The BBC is a semi-autonomous public service broadcaster that operates under a The privately owned BBC was the world's first national broadcasting organisation. As well as the four national channels, a series of local BBC radio stations