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    575 cau on tap 10.doc 333344444 575 cau on tap 10.doc 333344444 Document Transcript

    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises −1−Th«ng tin trùc tiÕp vµ gi¸n tiÕp1. C©u trùc tiÕp vµ c©u gi¸n tiÕp Trong c©u trùc tiÕp th«ng tin ®i tõ ngêi thø nhÊt ®Õn th¼ng ngêi thø hai.Ex: He said "I bought a new motorbike for myselfyesterday" Trong c©u gi¸n tiÕp th«ng tin ®i tõ ngêi thø nhÊt qua ngêi thø hai ®Õn víi ngêi thø ba. Khi ®ã c©u cã biÕn ®æi vÒ mÆt ng÷ ph¸p.Ex: He said he had bought a new motorbike for himselfthe day before. §Ó biÕn ®æi mét c©u trùc tiÕp sang c©u gi¸n tiÕp cÇn:  §æi chñ ng÷ vµ c¸c ®¹i tõ nh©n xng kh¸c trong c©u trùc tiÕp theo chñ ng÷ cña thµnh phÇn thø nhÊt.  Lïi ®éng tõ ë vÕ thø 2 xuèng mét cÊp so víi vÕ ban ®Çu.  BiÕn ®æi c¸c ®¹i tõ chØ thÞ, phã tõ chØ thêi gian vµ ®Þa ®iÓm theo b¶ng qui ®Þnh. B¶ng ®æi ®éng tõ Direct speech Indirect speech Simple present Simple past Present progressive Past progressive Present perfect (Progressive) Past perfect
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection −2− S im pl pas t e (P rogressive ) Will/S h all Pas t pe rfe ct C an /May Wou l / S houl d d C oul / Might d B¶ng ®æi c¸c ®¹ i tõ chØ thÞ , phã tõ chØ ®Þ a ®iÓm vµ thêi gian Today That day Yesterday The day before The day before yesterday Two days before Tomorrow The next/ the following The day after tomorrow day Next + Time In two days time Last + Time The following + Time Time + ago The previous + Time This, these Time + before Here, Overhere That, those There, Overthere NÕu lêi nãi vµ hµnh ®éng x¶y ra cïng ngµy th× kh«ng cÇn ph¶i ®æi thêi gian.Ex: At breakfast this morning he said "I will be busytoday" At breakfast this morning he said he would bebusy today. C¸c suy luËn logic vÒ mÆt thêi gian tÊt nhiªn lµ cÇn thiÕt khi lêi nãi ®îc thuËt l¹i sau ®ã mét hoÆc hai ngµy.Ex: (On Monday) He said " Ill be leaving on Wednesday " (On Tuesday) He said he would be leavingtomorrow. (On Wednesday) He said he would be leaving today.
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises −3− §éng tõ víi hai t©n ng÷ trùc tiÕp vµ gi¸n tiÕp M ét s è ®éng tõ trong ti Õng Anh c ã hai lo ¹i t©n ng÷ : 1 trùc ti Õp vµ 1 gi¸n ti Õp ®ång th êi c òng c ã hai c ¸ch d ïng: L èi d ïng gi¸n ti Õp: §Æ t t©n ng÷ trùc ti Õp sau ®éng tõ råi ®Õn t©n ng ÷ gi¸n ti Õp ®i sau hai giíi tõ for vµ to.Ex: The directors secretary sent the manuscript to themlast night. Lèi dïng trùc tiÕp: §Æt t©n ng÷ gi¸n tiÕp sau ®éng tõ råi ®Õn t©n ng÷ trùc tiÕp, hai giíi tõ to vµ for bÞ lo¹i bá.Ex: The directors secretary sent them the manuscriptlast night. Incorrect: The directors secretary sent to them the manuscript last night. Hai ®éng tõ to introduce vµ to mention ph¶i dïng c«ng thøc gi¸n tiÕp, kh«ng ®îc dïng c«ng thøc trùc tiÕp. to introduce smt/sb to sb to mention smt to sb. NÕu c¶ hai t©n ng÷ trùc tiÕp vµ gi¸n tiÕp ®Òu lµ ®¹i tõ nh©n xng th× kh«ng ®îc dïng c«ng thøc trùc tiÕp mµ ph¶i dïng c«ng thøc gi¸n tiÕp.Ex: Correct: They gave it to us. Incorrect: They gave us it.
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection −4− Reported Speech1. "Where is my umbrella?" she asked. → She asked _______________________________________________________________2. "How are you?" Martin asked us. → Martin asked us _______________________________________________________________3. He asked, "Do I have to do it?" → He asked _______________________________________________________________4. "Where have you been?" the mother asked her daughter. → The mother asked her daughter _______________________________________________________________5. "Which dress do you like best?" she asked her boyfriend. → She asked her boyfriend _______________________________________________________________6. "What are they doing?" she asked. → She wanted to know _______________________________________________________________7. "Are you going to the cinema?" he asked me. → He wanted to know _______________________________________________________________8. The teacher asked, "Who speaks English?" → The teacher wanted to know _______________________________________________________________9. "How do you know that?" she asked me. → She asked me _______________________________________________________________10."Has Caron talked to Kevin?" my friend asked me. → My friend asked _______________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises −5−11."Whats the time?" he asked. → He wanted to know _______________________________________________________________12."When will we meet again?" she asked me. → She asked me _______________________________________________________________13."Are you crazy?" she asked him. → She asked him _______________________________________________________________14."Where did they live?" he asked. → He wanted to know ____________________________________________15."Will you be at the party?" he asked her. → He asked her _________________________________________________16."Can you meet me at the station?" she asked me. → She asked me _________________________________________________17."Who knows the answer?" the teacher asked. → The teacher wanted to know _____________________________________18."Why dont you help me?" she asked him. → She wanted to know ___________________________________________19."Did you see that car?" he asked me. → He asked me__________________________________________________20."Have you tidied up your room?" the mother asked the twins. → The mother asked the twins ______________________________________21.He said, "I like this song." → He said ______________________________________________________22."Where is your sister?" she asked me. → She asked me _________________________________________________23."I dont speak Italian," she said. → She said _____________________________________________________24."Say hello to Jim," they said. → They asked me ________________________________________________25."The film began at seven oclock," he sai. → He said ______________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection −6−26."Dont play on the grass, boys," she said. → She told the boys ______________________________________________27."Where have you spent your money?" she asked him. → She asked him ________________________________________________28."I never make mistakes," he said. → He said ______________________________________________________29."Does she know Robert?" he wanted to know. → He wanted to know ____________________________________________30."Dont try this at home," the stuntman told the audience. → The stuntman advised the audience ________________________________31."I was very tired," she said. → She said _____________________________________________________32."Be careful, Ben," she said. → She told Ben _________________________________________________33."I will get myself a drink," she says. → She says ____________________________________________________34."Why havent you phoned me?" he asked me. → He wondered _______________________________________________35."I cannot drive them home," he said. → He said ____________________________________________________36."Peter, do you prefer tea or coffee?" she says. → She asks Peter _______________________________________________37."Where did you spend your holidays last year?" she asked me. → She asked me _________________________________________________38.He said, "Dont go too far." → He advised her ________________________________________________39."Have you been shopping?" he asked us. → He wanted to know ____________________________________________40."Dont make so much noise," he says. → He asks us ___________________________________________________41."Stop talking, Joe," the teacher said. → The teacher told Joe ____________________________________________42."Be patient," she said to him. → She told him _________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises −7−43."Go to your room," her father said to her. → Her father told her _____________________________________________44."Hurry up," she said to us. → She told us ___________________________________________________45."Give me the key," he told her. → He asked her _________________________________________________46."Play it again, Sam," she said. → She asked Sam ________________________________________________47."Sit down, Caron" he said. → He asked Caron ______________________________________________48."Fill in the form, Sir," the receptionist said. → The receptionist asked the guest __________________________________49."Take off your shoes," she told us. → She told us___________________________________________________50."Mind your own business," she told him. → She told him _________________________________________________51."Dont touch it," she said to him. → She told him _________________________________________________52."Dont do that again," he said to me. → He told me ___________________________________________________53."Dont talk to me like that," he said. → He told her __________________________________________________54."Dont repair the computer yourself," she warned him. → She warned him _______________________________________________55."Dont let him in," she said. → She told me __________________________________________________56."Dont go out without me," he begged her. → He begged her_________________________________________________57."Dont forget your bag," she told me. → She told me __________________________________________________58."Dont eat in the lab," the chemistry teacher said. → The chemistry teacher told his students ____________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection −8−59."Dont give yourself up," he advised her. → He advised her _______________________________________________________________60."Dont hurt yourselves, boys," she said. → She told the boys _______________________________________________________________61.She said, "Go upstairs." → She told me _______________________________________________________________62."Close the door behind you," he told me. → He told me _______________________________________________________________63."Dont be late," he advised us. → He advised us _______________________________________________________________64."Stop staring at me," she said. → She told him _______________________________________________________________65."Dont be angry with me," he said. → He asked her _______________________________________________________________66."Leave me alone," she said. → She told me __________________________________________________67."Dont drink and drive," she warned us. → She warned us ________________________________________________68."John, stop smoking," she said. → She told John ________________________________________________69."Dont worry about us," they said. → They told her _________________________________________________70."Meet me at the cinema." he said. → He asked me _________________________________________________71. Ha said to Mai: “ Don’t touch the electric wires” → ____________________________________________________________72. “Please, don’t tell anyone the news,” Ha said to her sister. → ____________________________________________________________73. “Don’t drive so fast” Ha said to Minh. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises −9−74.“Please remove your shoes before entering” Ha said to Hang. → ____________________________________________________________75. “Ba, don’t interrupt me when I’m meditating” Ha said to Ba. → ____________________________________________________________76. “First switch on, then wait for 2 minutes” Ha said to Nhung. → ____________________________________________________________77. “Hanh, take the man to the cells” Ha said to Tung. → ____________________________________________________________78.“Don’t forget to write me a letter every week” Ha said to her friend. → ____________________________________________________________79. Ha said: “Don’t make so much noise, Hieu” → ____________________________________________________________80. Ha said to Mai, “You’re going to post the letter, don’t forget.” → ____________________________________________________________81. He said, “I don’t know what happened.” → ____________________________________________________________82. She said, “I went to the doctor yesterday.” → ____________________________________________________________83. He said, “I have a toothache.” → ____________________________________________________________84. She said, “I’ll write him a prescription.” → ____________________________________________________________85. They said, “We’re going to the drugstore.” → ____________________________________________________________86. He said, “The doctor gave me some pills.” → ____________________________________________________________87. She said, “I go to the supermarket every day.” → ____________________________________________________________88. He said, “I have received the envelope.” → ____________________________________________________________89.They said, “We visited Cannery Row.” → ____________________________________________________________90. She said, “I feel very sick.” → ____________________________________________________________91. He said, “I bought some popcorn.” → ____________________________________________________________92. They said, “We’re flying to California.” → ____________________________________________________________93. He said, “I’m cutting off the main valve.”
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 10 − → ____________________________________________________________94. He said he didn’t know what had happened. → ____________________________________________________________95.She said that she had gone to the dentist yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________96. She said the doctor had written her a prescription. → ____________________________________________________________97. He said that he had a toothache. → ____________________________________________________________98. She said she went to the museum every day. → ____________________________________________________________99. They said they were going to the supermarket. → ____________________________________________________________100.She said that the doctor had given her some pills. → ____________________________________________________________101.He said he had received the report. → ____________________________________________________________102.They said they had visited the aquarium. → ____________________________________________________________103.He said that he was feeling sick. → ____________________________________________________________104.She said she had bought some bread. → ____________________________________________________________105.He said that he was turning off the television. → ____________________________________________________________106.They said they were driving to Chicago. → ____________________________________________________________107.“If you are late tomorrow, I am going to fire you,” he said → ____________________________________________________________108. “I’m telling you that I didn’t break that window”, the boy said → ____________________________________________________________109. “I’m going to change the wheel on my car myself,” said Hang. → ____________________________________________________________110. “It’s certainly essential to take a long−term view of the situation,” the boss said → _______________________________________________________111. “I passed my driving test first time,” said Sam. → ____________________________________________________________112. “It’s the first time I’ve flown”, Ha said. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 11 −113.Hang said: “Why doesn’t Ha buy them this picture as a wedding present?” → ____________________________________________________________114. “I can’t work at all! My typewriter isn’t working properly,” she said → ____________________________________________________________115. “I think you should try to be more punctual,” she said to Ha → ____________________________________________________________116. “You can’t park here” → ____________________________________________________________117.“Have you worked before?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________118. “Can you work on Saturday before?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________119. “May I open the window?” she asked → ____________________________________________________________120. “Would it be alright if I had the day off?” she said to her boss → ____________________________________________________________121. “May I borrow your tennis racket?” she asked him → ____________________________________________________________122. “Are you coming to the party tonight, Ha?” she asked → ____________________________________________________________123. “Can you borrow your pen please, Ha?” she asked → ____________________________________________________________124. “Do you know where my tennis racquet is, Mum?” she asked her Mum → ____________________________________________________________125. “Was Ha at work yesterday?” she asked her secretary → ____________________________________________________________126. “Did you read the article about Prince Diana?” she asked him → ____________________________________________________________127.“Where do you live?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________128. “Why do you want the job?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________129. “How did you hear about it?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________130. “How much do you expect to earn?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________131. “When can you start?” she said to him → ____________________________________________________________132. “What time is it, Ha?” she asked
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 12 − → ____________________________________________________________133. “How long have you worked for this company?” she asked → ____________________________________________________________134. “Why has he been working so hard?” she asked → ____________________________________________________________135. “Why did you do it when I told you not to?” she said to me → ____________________________________________________________136. “Why didn’t you come at ten o’clock?” she said → ____________________________________________________________137.“If you type this letter out for me, I’ll buy you a drink, OK? Thanks!” he said (persuade) → ____________________________________________________________138. “Sure, I don’t mind at all if you use my typewriter. Go ahead.” he said (allow) → ____________________________________________________________139. “All right, it’s true, I was nervous.” he said (confess) → ____________________________________________________________140. “I don’t think Liverpool will win.” he said (doubt) → ____________________________________________________________141. “Don’t forget: you’ve got to hand in your work this evening” he said (remind) → ____________________________________________________________142. “It’s a shame you couldn’t make it to the party last night” he said (regret) → ____________________________________________________________143. “Don’t worry, as long as you keep your head, you’ll manage all right” he said (assure) → ____________________________________________________________144. “You really must come, and visit us next weekend” he said (insist) → ____________________________________________________________145. “If I had more time, I’d help you with your work” he said (claim) → ____________________________________________________________146. “Might it be a good idea if we all organized our time more effectively” he said (suggest) → ____________________________________________________________147.He said, “I don’t know what happened.” → ____________________________________________________________148.She said, “I went to the dentist yesterday.” → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 13 −149.She said, “The doctor wrote me a prescription.” → ____________________________________________________________150.He said, “I have a toothache.” → ____________________________________________________________151.She said, “I go to the museum every day.” → ____________________________________________________________152.They said, “We’re going to the supermarket.” → ____________________________________________________________153.She said, “The doctor gave me some pills.” → ____________________________________________________________154.He said, “I received the report.” → ____________________________________________________________155.They said, “We visited the aquarium.” → ____________________________________________________________156.He said, “I’m feeling sick.” → ____________________________________________________________157.She said, “I bought some bread.” → ____________________________________________________________158.He said, “I’m turning off the television.” → ____________________________________________________________159.They said, “We’re driving to Chicago.” → ____________________________________________________________160.He said he didn’t know what had happened. → ____________________________________________________________161.She said that she had gone to the dentist yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________162.She said the doctor had written her a prescription. → ____________________________________________________________163.He said that he had a toothache. → ____________________________________________________________164.She said she went to the museum every day. → ____________________________________________________________165.They said they were going to the supermarket. → ____________________________________________________________166.She said that the doctor had given her some pills. → ____________________________________________________________167.He said he had received the report. → ____________________________________________________________168.They said they had visited the aquarium.
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 14 − → ____________________________________________________________169.He said that he was feeling sick. → ____________________________________________________________170.She said she had bought some bread. → ____________________________________________________________171.He said that he was turning off the television. → ____________________________________________________________172.They said they were driving to Chicago. → ____________________________________________________________173.He said, “I don’t know what happened.” → ____________________________________________________________174.She said, “I went to the dentist yesterday.” → ____________________________________________________________175.She said, “The doctor wrote me a prescription.” → ____________________________________________________________176.He said, “I have a toothache.” → ____________________________________________________________177.She said, “I go to the museum every day.” → ____________________________________________________________178.They said, “We’re going to the supermarket.” → ____________________________________________________________179.She said, “The doctor gave me some pills.” → ____________________________________________________________180.He said, “I received the report.” → ____________________________________________________________181.They said, “We visited the aquarium.” → ____________________________________________________________182.He said, “I’m feeling sick.” → ____________________________________________________________183.She said, “I bought some bread.” → ____________________________________________________________184.He said, “I’m turning off the television.” → ____________________________________________________________185.They said, “We’re driving to Chicago.” → ____________________________________________________________186.He said he didn’t know what had happened. → ____________________________________________________________187.She said that she had gone to the doctor yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 15 −188.He said he had a toothache. → ____________________________________________________________189.She said she would write him a prescription. → ____________________________________________________________190.They said they were going to the drugstore. → ____________________________________________________________191.He said that the doctor had given him some pills. → ____________________________________________________________192.She said that she went to the supermarket everyday. → ____________________________________________________________193.He said he had received the envelope. → ____________________________________________________________194.They said that they had visited Cannery Row. → ____________________________________________________________195.She said that she felt very sick. → ____________________________________________________________196.He said he had bought some popcorn. → ____________________________________________________________197.They said they were flying to California. → ____________________________________________________________198.He said he was cutting off the main valve. → ____________________________________________________________199.“I’m tired,” Trevor said. → ____________________________________________________________200. “Sorry. I wasn’t listening,” Hang said. → ____________________________________________________________201. “Is this your pencil?” he asked his pupil. → ____________________________________________________________202. “I’m going to Paris soon,” she said. → ____________________________________________________________203. “It’s time to start revising (ôn lại) for the exam,” the teacher said. → ____________________________________________________________204. “The film will be interesting,” I thought. → ____________________________________________________________205. “I can’t help you because I have too much to do,” she said. → ____________________________________________________________206. “Anne has bought the tickets.” She said to me. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 16 −207. “It took me three hours to get here because the roads are flooded” he told me. → ____________________________________________________________208.“I think it’s a crazy (điên dại/ ngu xuẩn) idea. It’s won’t work” she said. → ____________________________________________________________209.The receptionist says “Breakfast is served between 7.00 and 9.00” → ____________________________________________________________210.“Where are you going?” he asks me. → ____________________________________________________________211.“Do you want to go out for a meal?” she asked him. → ____________________________________________________________212. “Why are you late?” they asked their guests. → ____________________________________________________________213.“Can I use your phone to make a local call?” she asks me. → ____________________________________________________________214. “Which countries have you been to?” the customs officer asks me. → ____________________________________________________________215. “Do you know where Jean is living?” he asked me. → ____________________________________________________________216. “What color are you going to paint the living room?” she asks them. → ____________________________________________________________217. “Where did you go last night?” his father asked him. → ____________________________________________________________218. “Why doesn’t she talk to me any more?” I thought to myself. → ____________________________________________________________219. “What are you going to do with your scholarship?” Hang asked Huong. → ____________________________________________________________220.“Remember to book a table” said Ann. → ____________________________________________________________221. “Could you please ring back in half an hour?” said the secretary. → ____________________________________________________________222.“Get into the right lane (lối đi),” said the driving instructor. → ____________________________________________________________223.“I should say nothing about it if I were you,” said my brother. → ____________________________________________________________224. “Please, please don’t do anything dangerous,” his wife said. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 17 −225. “Why don’t you open a bank account?” Tom said. → ____________________________________________________________226. “I can’t sell the cassette player at that price” he said. → ____________________________________________________________227.“Could I see your driving license (bằng lái xe)?” said the policeman. → ____________________________________________________________228. “Why don’t you go to a dentist, Mary, before your toothache gets any worse,” I said. → ____________________________________________________________229.“Open your suitcase for inspection (sự kiểm tra).” the customs officer said to all passengers. → ____________________________________________________________230.“I’ve replaced all the carpets (tấm thảm).” She said to me. → ____________________________________________________________231.“Can I move the furniture (đồ đạc) around?” I asked her. → ____________________________________________________________232.“How many bedrooms are there?” Sally asked. → ____________________________________________________________233. “When do you want to move in?” Mrs. Mawby asked. → ____________________________________________________________234. “Is there a fridge in the kitchen?” she asked him. → ____________________________________________________________235. “I need $ 100 deposit (tiền đặt cọc)” she said. → ____________________________________________________________ Conditional Sentences I) Vieát laïi caâu236.You got into so much trouble because you didn’t listen to me.→ If______________________________________________________________237.There are so many bugs in the room because there isn’t a screen on the window.→ If______________________________________________________________238.He is busy right now. So, he can’t help them.→ If______________________________________________________________239.I can’t make all of my own meals because I am not good at cooking.→ If______________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 18 −240.I’m not you, so I can’t tell him the truth.→ If I_____________________________________________________________241.She came, so he wasn’t disappointed.→ If______________________________________________________________242.He is not a good student. He didn’t study for the test yesterday.→ If______________________________________________________________243.I didn’t eat breakfast several hours ago, so I am hungry now.→ If______________________________________________________________244.Mai is sick because she didn’t follow the doctor’s orders.→ If______________________________________________________________245.He is tired this morning because he didn’t go to bed early last night.→ If______________________________________________________________246.They don’t behave themselves so their parents are not happy about that.→ If______________________________________________________________247.She didn’t say sorry so he was angry.→ If______________________________________________________________248.I am not a rich businessman and I can’t afford to buy an expensive car.→ If______________________________________________________________249.It rained last night so I didn’t go to the barbecue.→ If______________________________________________________________250.My parents do not allow me to go, so I have to stay at home.→ If______________________________________________________________251.She doesn’t pay attention to her cooking so the food is horrible.→ If______________________________________________________________252.The weather was very nice so we didn’t go camping.→ If______________________________________________________________253.The computer broke down and I had to stop my work.→ If______________________________________________________________254.She loves him so she forgives him easily.→ If______________________________________________________________255.He was angry so I didn’t say anything.→ If______________________________________________________________ II) Traéc nghieäm256.If I ……….a lot of money now, I …………..a new car. a. have /will buy b. have / would buy c. had/ will buy d. had/ would buy.257.If I ……………you, I …………….do that. a. am/ will b. were /would
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 19 − c. were/ will d. had been/ would.258.If I were offered the job, I think I ………. it. a. take b. will take c. would take d. would have taken.259.I would be very surprised if he…………….. a. refuses b. refused c. had refused d. would refuse.260.Many people would be out of work if that factory………..down. a. closes b. had closed c. closed d. would close.261.6. If she sold her car, she ………… much money. a. gets b. would get c. will get d. would have got.262.They would be disappointed if we……………. a. hadn’t come b. wouldn’t come c. don’t come d. didn’t come.263.Would John be angry if I ……. ……his bicycle without asking? a. take b. took c. had taken d. would take.264.She ……….terrible upset if I lost this ring. a. will be b. would be c. were d. had been.265.If someone…………in here with a gun, I would be very frightened. a. would walk b. walks c. had walked d. walked.266.What would happen if you ……………..to work tomorrow? a. don’t go b. didn’t go c. won’t go d. wouldn’t go.267.We ‘ll get wet if we ………….out. a. go b. did go c. went d. had gone.268.If I go shopping, I ………some food. a. buy b. will buy c. would buy d. would have bought.269.If I find it, I ………you. a. will tell b. would tell c. had told d. told.270.What would you do if you……………a million dollars? a. would win b. win c. had won d. won.271.They ‘d be hurt if I ………………. a. don’t go b. didn’t go c. hadn’t gone d. wouldn’t go.272.If we took the 6: 30 train, we…………too early. a. would have arrived b. arrived c. will arrived d. would arrive.273.If I had known you were in hospital, I …………to see you. a. will go b. would go
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 20 − c. went d. would have gone.274.If I …………., I would have said hello. a. had seen b. see c. saw d. would see.275.I…………..out if I hadn’t been so tired. a. will go b. went c. would have gone d. would go.276.If I ………..a camera, I would have taken some pictures. a. have b. had c. would have d. had had.277.You won’t pass the examination……………you study more. a. as long as b. unless c. if d. whether.278.If only I …………you wanted to invest money in business. a. had known b. knew c. have known d. know.279.If I were to leave my country , I ……………disappointed. a. probably be b. would have been c. will be d. would be.280.If he hadn’t wasted too much time, he…………….in his examination. a. would fail b. wouldn’t fail c. wouldn’t have failed. d. won’t fail.281.If I had taken that English course, I ………..much progress. a. had made b. would have made c. made d. would make.282.If I were in your place, I ……….a trip to England. a. will make b. had made c. made. d. would make.283.If I ………….. you , I’d save some of your lottery winning. a. be b. were c. am d. was284.If the car ……….. larger, we would have bought it. a. had been b. have been c. has been d. been285.If I had enough money, I ……… abroad to improve my English. a. will go b. should go c. would go d. should have go to286.If it …….. convenient, let’s go out for a drink tonight. a. be b. was c. were d. is287.If you ……. time, please write to me. a. have b. have had c. had d. has288.If you had the chance, ………… you go finishing? a. did b. would c. may d. do289.Trees won’t grow ……….. there is enough water. a. if b. when c. unless d. as290.If you ………. to my advice in the first place, you wouldn’t be in this mess right now. a. listen b. had listened c. will listen d. listened291.I wish I …….. you some money for your rent, but I’m broke myself. a. can lend b. could lend c. would lend d. will lend
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 21 −292.If someone ……… into the store, smile and say, “ May I help you?” a. comes b. came c. would come d. could lend293.If you stay up late the previous night, you ………. sleepy the next morning. a. feel b. to feel c. feels d. will feel294.If Peter ……, Sarah will be sad because she wants to meet him very much a. comes b. do not come c. does not come d. will come295.If his teeth still …….., he will have to go to the dentist’s again. a. hurt b. hurts c. to hurt c. will hurt296.If you…………Tom , tell him I have a message for him. a. will meet b. would meet c. meet d. met297.If you …………too hot during the night , turn down the central heating. a. will feel b. felt c. feel d. feels.298.If you …………with your dictionary, I ‘d like to borrow it. a. finish b. finished c. will finish d. are finishing.299.If I lived nearer the centre , I …………always late. a. wouldn’t be b. can be c. won’t be d. will be.300.What would Lan do if she …………..the Miss world. a. would be b. were c. will be d. is.301.If I ………….her , I would have said “ hello” a. has seen b. have seen c. saw d. had seen.302.If she had read the passage more slowly , the candidate…………. a. understood. b. would have understood c. will understood d. would understand.303.If it……………, they will not go out. a. rains b. rained c. rain d. raining.304.James will not complete the work if she is …………..rarely enough. a. tell b. telling c. tells d. told.305.Betty will not go to the party unless John ……………….too. a. go b. went c. going d. goes306.Miss An does not want to go on the trip if nobody…………..with her. a. go b. goes c. went d. going.307.If you ………….to go shopping, please go with your aunt this weekend. a. wants b. want c. wanting d. wanted.308.Mr. Smith has to work on weekends if his manager………….him to. a. tell b. telling c. told d. tells.309.Unless they ……………her to work hard, she would not. a. encourage b. encourage c. encourages d. encouraging.310.If I ……….a king, I would give money to the poor . a. is b. are c. am d. were.
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 22 −311.If we had left this country , we would have………….to Australia. a. emigrated b. emigrates c. emigrate d. emigrating.312.If I had to the party last night, I …………her. a. will have met. b. would meet c. would have met d. will meet.313.Unless the pupils pay attention, the teacher …………….be angry. a. would b. may c. will d. might.314.Please do not go out if it………………. a. rain b. rains c. rained d. raining.315.If you …………me with this exercise, I will do the same for you one day. a. helped b. would help c. help d. will help.316.If you listen to music, you can’t ……………your study. a. concentrate on b. interested in c. care about d. read about.317.……………you study harder, you won’t pass the final exam. a. unless b. if c. if not d. without.318.If the weather………….fine, we will go on a picnic. a. is b. were c. would be d. will be.319.If he………………….harder, the results will be better. a. worked b. works c. has worked d. will work.320.If Americans ate fewer foods with sugar and salt, their general health...better a. be b. will be c. is d. would be.321.If she hadn’t overslept, she ………..late for the interview. a. wouldn’t be b. wouldn’t have been c. hadn’t been d. would have been322.I’d have told you if I …………..the book. a. had seen b. would have seen c. saw d. see.323.If we had known your new address, we…………..to see you. a. came b. would have come c. would come d. will come.324.If I found a wallet in the street, I ………….take it to police. a. will b. should c. would d. shall325.I ………….that coat if I were you. a. wouldn’t buy b. didn’t buy c. don’t buy d. won’t buy. Tag Question I) Add the necessary question tag:326.Mr. White is a tailor, ………?327.It isn’t ready yet, ………..?328.I am clever, ……….?
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 23 −329.We must hurry, ………….?330.They won’t stop long, ………….?331.You asked for mustard, ………….?332.She speaks too quickly, ………….?333.He will arrive soon, ……………?334.The milk may be sour, …………..?335. Tom doesn’t like ham, ………….?336. They told me a lie, ……………?337. It can’t be so bad, ……………?338. It was a pity, ……………?339. Jack is joining the club, ……………?340. You mustn’t do that again, ……………?341. You ought not to eat that, ……………?342. They have sold the house, ……………?343. Our team won the prize, ……………?344. You are leaving here tomorrow, ……………?345. You can’t come next week, ……………?346. You ought to leave now, ……………?347. He should have come home earlier, ……………?348. He daren’t do it, ……………?349. Go and get me some aspirins, ……………?350. We need some more sugar, ……………?351. I may open it, ……………?352. You’d better keep quiet, ……………?353. He used to live near here, ……………?354. Open it for me, ……………?355. Let’s sing it again, ……………?356. He shouldn’t put so much salt in it, ……………?357. Going swimming in the summer is very interesting, ……………?358. Let’s dance together, ……………? The party is so wonderful.359. Don’t talk in class, ……………? The teacher is explaining the lesson360. Nobody understands what the lady over there says, ……………?361. The woman seldom writes poems and stories, ……………?362. Nothings makes you bored, ……………? You always look happy.363. You have read this article on the website, ……………?364. You don’t read this article on the website, ……………?365. She never tells the truth, ……………? II) Rewrite the following sentences with “question tag”:366.She will probably be out for dinner.
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 24 −=> She won’t be home for dinner, ……………?367.The paper looks good, don’t you think?=> The paper doesn’t ……………………………………..………………………?368.Larry would be busy on Sunday.=> I don’t suppose that Larry would be …………………………………………..?369.I think you can’t eat one more piece of cake.=> You can eat ……………………………………………………………………?370.The prices at this store are very high, don’t you think?=> The prices at this store aren’t …………………………………………………?371.She is going to get a scholarship, I believe.=> She is ………………………………………………………………………….?372.The electricity department is going to cut down its power supply, apparently.=> The power supply is …………………………………………………………..?373.Scientists have carried out some experiments on AIDS recently, I think.=> Some experiments have ………………………………………………………?374.They haven’t found any special drugs to cure ADIS, in my view.=> No special drugs have ………………………………………………………..?375. Computers can replace man, I think.=> Man can’t be ………………………………………………………………….? Passive and Active voice376.A group of students have met their friend at the railway station. → ____________________________________________________________377.They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home. → ____________________________________________________________378.The teacher won’t correct exercises tomorrow. → ____________________________________________________________379.How many trees did they cut down to build that fence? → ____________________________________________________________380.This well-known library attracts many people. → ____________________________________________________________381.All students attended the meeting. → ____________________________________________________________382.People say that he is intelligent. → ____________________________________________________________383.He can’t repair my bike. → ____________________________________________________________384.Mary has operated Tom since 10 o’clock. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 25 −385.This is the second time they have written to us about this. → ____________________________________________________________386.Mr. Smith has taught us French for 2 years. → ____________________________________________________________387.They didn’t look after the children properly. → ____________________________________________________________388.Nobody swept this street last week. → ____________________________________________________________389.People drink a great deal of tea in England. → ____________________________________________________________390.People speak English all over the world. → ____________________________________________________________391.Tom was writing 2 poems. → ____________________________________________________________392.She often takes her dog for a walk. → ____________________________________________________________393.How many lessons are you going to learn next month? → ____________________________________________________________394.She didn’t introduce me to her mother. → ____________________________________________________________395.Someone had invented electric lights before I was born. → ____________________________________________________________396.Farmers usually milk cows twice a day. → ____________________________________________________________397.He likes people to call him “sir”. → ____________________________________________________________398.People know that Japan produces a wide range of cars. → ____________________________________________________________399.Our teacher used to bid us talk in class. → ____________________________________________________________400.Don’t let other see you. → ____________________________________________________________401.Workers were digging a large hole in the ground. → ____________________________________________________________402.Before they took exams they had revised their lessons. → ____________________________________________________________403.The car knocked a woman down in the street. → ____________________________________________________________404.When he came home his father was reading a newspaper. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 26 −405.Cows were eating grass on the meadow. → ____________________________________________________________406.My cousin will meet you at the station. → ____________________________________________________________407.She is running her own company. → ____________________________________________________________408.Visitors must leave umbrellas and raincoats in the cloakroom. → ____________________________________________________________409.My mother used to make us clean the house. → ____________________________________________________________410.John hasn’t finished his homework. → ____________________________________________________________411.They suggested banning advertisements on TV. → ____________________________________________________________412.I will shut the door if you like. → ____________________________________________________________413.We have just seen a horrible accident. → ____________________________________________________________414.What language do people speak in this country? → ____________________________________________________________415.At 7 p.m., Mrs. Smith was making cakes. → ____________________________________________________________416.He isn’t going to buy that house. → ____________________________________________________________417.When I was 18 years old, my parents allowed me to go out in the evening. → ____________________________________________________________418.This terrorist has kept 3 hostages for a week. → ____________________________________________________________419.He hasn’t seen you for years. → ____________________________________________________________420.The examiner will read the passage 3 times. → ____________________________________________________________421.An earthquake destroyed the town. → ____________________________________________________________422.He didn’t type the letter last night. → ____________________________________________________________423.They will pick me up at my house. → ____________________________________________________________424.When did you see him in that bank? → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 27 −425.My father will take me to Ho Chi Minh City next week. → ____________________________________________________________426.A man returned the keys to me. → ____________________________________________________________427.Mary will see her friends off at the station. → ____________________________________________________________428.You were wearing your new hat when I met you yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________429.He is preparing everything for the presidential election. → ____________________________________________________________430.Last Friday, when I came to Jane’s house, she had finished all exercises. → ____________________________________________________________431.They have to pull down that building. → ____________________________________________________________432.He gave me a knife to cut this bread. → ____________________________________________________________433.People used to steal a lot of goods from supermarkets. → ____________________________________________________________434.Countries are finding a way to solve the problem. → ____________________________________________________________435.He put the letter in the drawer, and then he locked it up. → ____________________________________________________________436.She can sew 3 shirts a day. → ____________________________________________________________437.By the end of this year, we will have learnt 2,000 English words. → ____________________________________________________________438.Don’t ask for another book until you finish this one. → ____________________________________________________________439.We consider that she is the best singer. → ____________________________________________________________440.Nobody has used this room for ages. → ____________________________________________________________441.Her father was planting different kinds of flowers in the garden. → ____________________________________________________________442.I am translating an article from English into Vietnamese. → ____________________________________________________________443.The Prime Minister is making a speech at the moment. → ____________________________________________________________444.People said he had swallowed a safety pin. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 28 −445.How many days did she spend finishing the work? → ____________________________________________________________446.Someone is following me. → ____________________________________________________________447.She read the letter again and again last night. → ____________________________________________________________448.The doctor pulled out one of my teeth yesterday morning. → ____________________________________________________________449.The tailor has just made a new suit for me. → ____________________________________________________________450.Someone saw him pick up the gun. → ____________________________________________________________451.He has caught a lion and shot 2 others. → ____________________________________________________________452.He received a letter from home by the evening post. → ____________________________________________________________453.I put the 5 pound note into one of my books yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________454.After he had told the story, we clapped our hands. → ____________________________________________________________455.His wife usually brings him sandwiches at lunch time. → ____________________________________________________________456.They were continually asking question. → ____________________________________________________________457.We have to pick fruit very early in the morning. → ____________________________________________________________458.How many books do you give me? → ____________________________________________________________459.He always lost keys. → ____________________________________________________________460.The light went out while I was making a cup of tea. → ____________________________________________________________461.When she went to Barcelona, she learnt some Spanish. → ____________________________________________________________462.The State will assign our students to different jobs. → ____________________________________________________________463.The government launched the blood drive. → ____________________________________________________________464.The students of chemistry made many experiments last week. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 29 −465.When will you do the work? → ____________________________________________________________466.My brother has sent me this interesting book. → ____________________________________________________________467.She asked her mother to let her go. → ____________________________________________________________468.He couldn’t find his key. → ____________________________________________________________469.She used to pull my hat over my eyes. → ____________________________________________________________470.For the past years, I have done all my washing by hand. → ____________________________________________________________471.A pair of robins have built a nest in the porch since last week. → ____________________________________________________________472.The police haven’t found the murderer yet. → ____________________________________________________________473.They sold one of her own paintings at $1,000. → ____________________________________________________________474.I will put your gloves back in your drawer. → ____________________________________________________________475.Have you seen Philip lately? → ____________________________________________________________476.When did you receive my letter? → ____________________________________________________________477.Mr. Speed is dictating 3 letters to Ann. → ____________________________________________________________478.I found the book boring. → ____________________________________________________________479.Jack felled a tree in the garden yesterday. → ____________________________________________________________480.When I came back home, my mother was preparing lunch. → ____________________________________________________________481.The house was dirty because we hadn’t cleaned it for weeks. → ____________________________________________________________482.People say that they bought this shop last year. → ____________________________________________________________483.He wants her to write an article. → ____________________________________________________________484.My parents encouraged me to apply for this job. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 30 −485.A 70-year old pensioner, Mrs. Parker, found a puma in her back garden. → ____________________________________________________________486.A teacher should be a person that everyone can respect. → ____________________________________________________________487.If I collected a lot of shells on the beach I would give you some. → ____________________________________________________________488.People believed that the policeman had saved many children from the fire. → ____________________________________________________________489.European countries decided to put a high tax on petrol. → ____________________________________________________________490.People say that the decision imposes tight restrictions on cross-border trade. → ____________________________________________________________491.My sister often makes me do the washing up. → ____________________________________________________________492.The policeman allows all vehicles to go when traffic lights are green. → ____________________________________________________________493.Everyone believes him right. → ____________________________________________________________494.We made her head of the class. → ____________________________________________________________495.They were carrying the injured player off the field. → ____________________________________________________________496.I like you to take photographs. → ____________________________________________________________497.Haven’t you yet found out information about the trains to Hanoi? → ____________________________________________________________498.Peter advised me not to sell that flat. → ____________________________________________________________499.He urged the Government to pass the law. → ____________________________________________________________500.She decided to paint her house blue. → ____________________________________________________________501.My classmates used to call me John. → ____________________________________________________________502.Mr. Smith will appoint Tom the director tomorrow? → ____________________________________________________________503.You should pay more attention to your study. → ____________________________________________________________504.He heard the bell ring. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 31 −505.Did anyone take English books away? → ____________________________________________________________506.The major ordered the soldiers to march. → ____________________________________________________________507.Before we gave you our decision, we had thought carefully. → ____________________________________________________________508.Do people use milk for making butter and cheese? → ____________________________________________________________509.They didn’t invite me to the birthday party. → ____________________________________________________________510.Did they build that house in 1972? → ____________________________________________________________511.The teacher will give her a prize if she works well. → ____________________________________________________________512.People said that he could swim across this river. → ____________________________________________________________513.The policeman showed you the way to Thu Le zoo. → ____________________________________________________________514.He won’t tell me the truth about the situation. → ____________________________________________________________515.They can see the valley from the top of this hill. → ____________________________________________________________516.All the students choose him the monitor. → ____________________________________________________________517.You must wash your hands. → ____________________________________________________________518.My favorite football team hasn’t won many matches so far this season. → ____________________________________________________________519.My father has used this bicycle for 5 years. → ____________________________________________________________520.The government is taking measures to attract foreign investment. → ____________________________________________________________521.Someone broke into her house last night. → ____________________________________________________________522.How do you spend this amount of money? → ____________________________________________________________523.Paul didn’t tell me the ending of the story. → ____________________________________________________________524.She needs English for her work. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 32 −525.Have you seen any good films so far? → ____________________________________________________________526.They didn’t see you at the bus stop. → ____________________________________________________________527.How did you break your leg? → ____________________________________________________________528.My dog is attacking the postman. → ____________________________________________________________529.I couldn’t catch any fish. → ____________________________________________________________530.Mrs. White was drawing diagrams on the blackboard. → ____________________________________________________________531.Most of the boys listened to the teacher attentively. → ____________________________________________________________532.She promised not to report me to the police. → ____________________________________________________________533.I believed one of the dogs had discovered some cannabis. → ____________________________________________________________534.The cashier used to do the accounts. → ____________________________________________________________535.The computer can do all the accounts. → ____________________________________________________________536.My dictionary doesn’t give any example of this word. → ____________________________________________________________537.The local council decided to rebuild the house opposite the college. → ____________________________________________________________538.She asked me to lend her $100. → ____________________________________________________________539.She is going to buy a cookery book. → ____________________________________________________________540.The policeman is sticking a parking ticket to the windscreen. → ____________________________________________________________541.All the tourist guides can speak at least 3 foreign languages. → ____________________________________________________________542.Mr. Nam gives lectures in universities everyday. → ____________________________________________________________543.How do you make a survey? → ____________________________________________________________544.I found this baby bird at the foot of a tree. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Exercises − 33 −545.She couldn’t catch his name. → ____________________________________________________________546.They were watching her on closed circuit TV. → ____________________________________________________________547.They can’t carry the piano upstairs. → ____________________________________________________________548.He often sends postcards to his mother. → ____________________________________________________________549.I needn’t wind this watch. → ____________________________________________________________550.Daisy is hanging out all the washing out. → ____________________________________________________________551.Why did people think Halloween was important? → ____________________________________________________________552.Why don’t you write a novel? → ____________________________________________________________553.He saw you shopping. → ____________________________________________________________554.Will you post this letter on the way to work? → ____________________________________________________________555.Children should treat old men with respect. → ____________________________________________________________556.She is taking care of the baby girl. → ____________________________________________________________557.He immediately accepted his guilt. → ____________________________________________________________558.I am sure that I will prepare everything carefully. → ____________________________________________________________559.I advise my sister to put her money box under the carpet. → ____________________________________________________________560.How many ways can you solve this problem? → ____________________________________________________________561.He gave the magazine back to me. → ____________________________________________________________562.Tom borrowed her book and lost it. → ____________________________________________________________563.Someone turned on the light and opened the door. → ____________________________________________________________564.Lan left her bag in the classroom. → ____________________________________________________________
    • − Hiwatari Jun − Collection − 34 −565.Some students haven’t submitted their assignments to the teacher on time. → ____________________________________________________________566.They brought their children up in Italy. → ____________________________________________________________567.After 10 minutes, he will call us in. → ____________________________________________________________568.They are repairing my piano now. → ____________________________________________________________569.You must keep dogs outside shops. → ____________________________________________________________570.The postman usually leaves letters in the hall. → ____________________________________________________________571.You can’t wear this shirt because it is very small. → ____________________________________________________________572.The government is launching an anti-smuggling campaign. → ____________________________________________________________573.He can speak 4 languages. → ____________________________________________________________574.She used to make cloth puppets. → ____________________________________________________________575.Why don’t you open a bank account? → ____________________________________________________________