South America
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South America

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South America Presentation Transcript

  • 1. South America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Columbia Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela
  • 2. Overall Culture
    • Main Ethnic Groups
      • Caucasian, African, and Indian
    • Languages
      • Spanish is official language in 9 countries
      • Many Indians speak native languages
      • Brazilians speak dialects of Portugal
    • Religions
      • Roman Catholic is most popular
      • Protestant sects becoming more popular
      • Other religions include Judaism, Hinduism, and native religions
    • Transportation
      • Airplanes are used for communication
      • Long railways and paved roads
    • Government
      • Most countries use some form of a republic as government.
  • 3. Overall Culture Continued…
    • Agriculture
      • Main food crops are maize, rice, wheat, beans and root crops such as cassava and potatoes.
      • Major biological resource-anchovies
    • Music
      • Influenced by Native South Americans and the Spanish
      • Songs usually about Earth, seasons, harvest time, love, family, children, and stars
      • Different music for different occasions
      • Instruments used include flutes, rattles, guitars, violins, and oboes.
      • Popular styles of music include Waltzes, Tango, Salsa, and Soca
    • Education
      • More literate men than literate women
      • More literacy in urban areas than in rural
      • Argentina, Chile, Guyana, and Uruguay all have literacy rates greater than or equal to 96%.
  • 4. Argentina
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 97% white (Italian and Spanish)
      • 3% mestizo, Amerindian, or non-white
    • Religions
      • 92% Roman Catholic (< 20% practicing)
      • 2% Protestant
      • 2% Jewish
      • 4% Other
    • Languages
      • Spanish (Official)
      • Italian, English, German, French
    • Government
      • Republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industry
        • sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat, livestock
        • food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Buenos_Aires-Puerto_Madero-Hilton-River_View.jpg
  • 5. Bolivia
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 30% Quechua, 30% mestizo
      • 25% Aymara,15% white
    • Languages
      • Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
      • All official
    • Religions
      • 95% Roman Catholic
      • 5% Protestant
    • Government
      • Republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber
        • mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
    http://www.mayuc.com/images/bolivia-tiahuanaco_statues.jpg
  • 6. Brazil
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 53.7% white and 6.2% black
      • 38.5% mulatto (mixed white and black)
      • 0.9% other and 0.7% unspecified
    • Religion
      • 73.6% Roman Catholic and 15.4% Protestant
      • 1.3% Spiritualist and 0.3% Bantu/voodoo
      • 1.8% other,0.2% unspecified and 7.4% none
    • Languages
      • Portuguese (official)
      • Spanish, English, French
    • Government
      • Federative Republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
        • textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Gramado.7.jpg
  • 7. Chile
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 95% white and white-Amerindian
      • 3% Amerindian
      • 2% other
    • Religion
      • 70% Roman Catholic, 15.1% Evangelical, 1.1% Jehovah’s Witness, and 1% other Christian
      • 4.6% other
      • 8.3% none
    • Languages
      • Spanish
    • Government
      • Republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool, fish and timber
        • Copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Torres1.jpg
  • 8. Columbia
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 58% mestizo, 20% white, 14% mulatto, and 4% black
      • 3% mixed black-Amerindian and 1% Amerindian
    • Religion
      • 90% Roman Catholic
      • 10% other
    • Languages
      • Spanish
    • Government
      • Republic where executive branch dominates governmental structure
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables, forest products, and shrimp
        • Textiles, food processing, oil, clothing, footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement, gold, coal, and emeralds
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Lezo.jpg
  • 9. Ecuador
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 65% mestizo, 25% Amerindian
      • 7% Spanish and others
      • 3% black
    • Religions
      • 95% Roman Catholic
      • 5% other
    • Languages
      • Spanish (official)
      • Amerindian languages
    • Government
      • Republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane, cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products, balsa wood, fish and shrimp
        • Petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, and chemicals
    http://www.export.gov.il/Eng/_Uploads/3846ecuador.jpg
  • 10. Paraguay
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 95% mestizo
      • 5% other
    • Religions
      • 89.6% Roman Catholic, 6.2% Protestant, and 1.1% other Christian
      • 1.9% other or unspecified
      • 1.1% none
    • Languages
      • Spanish (official)
      • Guarani (official)
    • Government
      • Constitutional republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Cotton, sugarcane, soybeans, corn, wheat, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), fruits, vegetables, beef, pork, eggs, mild, and timber
        • Sugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Paraguay-001.jpg
  • 11. Peru
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 45% Amerindian, 37% mestizo, and 15% white
      • 3% black, Japanese, Chinese, or other
    • Religions
      • 81% Roman Catholic, 1.4% Seventh Day Adventist, and 1.4% other Christian
      • 0.6% other
      • 16.3% unspecified or none
    • Government
      • Constitutional republic
    • Languages
      • Spanish and Quechua (official)
      • Aymara and minor Amazonian languages
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Asparagus, coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, coca, poultry, beef, dairy products, fish, and guinea pigs
        • Mining and refining of minerals, steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, and food processing
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Peru_Machu_Picchu_Sunrise_2.jpg
  • 12. Uruguay
    • Ethnic Groups
      • 88% white
      • 8% mestizo
      • 4% black
    • Religions
      • 66% Roman Catholic, 2% Protestant
      • 1% Jewish
      • 31% nonprofessing or other
    • Languages
      • Spanish and Portunol
      • Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix)
    • Government
      • Constitutional republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Rice, wheat, corn, barley, livestock, and fish
        • Food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, and beverages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Playa_Pocitos.jpg
  • 13. Venezuela
    • Ethnic Groups
      • Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, and indigenous people
    • Religions
      • 96% Roman Catholic and 2% Protestant
      • 2% other
    • Languages
      • Spanish (official)
      • Indigenous dialects
    • Government
      • Federal republic
    • Economy
      • Agriculture and Industries
        • Corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee, beef, pork, milk, eggs, and fish
        • Petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles, iron ore mining, steel, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Altamira.JPG