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Type 2 Diabetes Power-point slide presentation

Type 2 Diabetes Power-point slide presentation

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1252774 1252774 Presentation Transcript

  • Managing YourType 2 DiabetesWith a Healthy Diet
  • Objectives• Understand the importance of nutritionto diabetes management• Outline current nutrition guidelines fordiabetes management
  • Why is GoodNutrition Important?• Eating a healthy diet can:– Help you control your blood sugars andblood lipids– Help you maintain a healthy weight or loseweight if you are overweight– Allow you to take less medication or avoidtaking medication for your diabetes
  • Why is Good NutritionImportant?• Eating a healthy diet can:– Prevent complications from high bloodsugars like nerve problems, kidneyproblems, and vision problems– Prevent other complications like heartdisease and circulatory problems
  • Each Person WithDiabetes is Different!• Every person with diabetes shouldreceive medical nutrition therapy basedon his/her medical needs• Your dietitian may suggest very specificgoals for your weight, diet, and exercisedepending on your health status
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Lose weight if you are overweight• Exercise to promote or maintain weightloss• Monitor carbohydrate intake to maintainblood sugar control• Obtain carbohydrates mainly from fruits,vegetables, whole grains, legumes, andlow-fat or skim milkSource: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American DiabetesAssociation. Diabetes Care 30 (S1), January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Consume at least 130 gramscarbohydrate per day (do not use low-carbohydrate diets to treat diabetes)• Use sugar substitutes if desired• Limit saturated fat, trans fat, and dietarycholesterolSource: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American DiabetesAssociation. Diabetes Care 30(Supplement 1): S4-S41, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Lose weight if you are overweight– Lose weight slowly and safely, 1-2 poundsweekly– Enjoy foods from all food groups. Avoid faddiets that eliminate any specific foods orgroups of foods.– Eat smaller portions and exercise more
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Exercise to promote or maintain weightloss (consult with your doctor before beginning)– 30 minutes most days of the week isrecommended– Include aerobic exercise and resistancetraining for the best results– Start slowly and increase the duration andintensity of exercise if you are new toexercise.Source: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American DiabetesAssociation. Diabetes Care 30(Supplement 1): S4-S41, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Monitor carbohydrate intake to maintainblood sugar control–Limit your carbohydrate intake to what issuggested by your dietitian–Use carbohydrate counting, the exchangesystem, or other methods to estimate yourcarbohydrate intakeSource: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of theAmerican Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Obtain carbohydrates mainly from fruits,vegetables, whole grains, legumes, andlow-fat or skim milk.– These foods are the best carbohydratesources• They are usually high in fiber and high innutrients your body needsSource: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of theAmerican Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Carbohydrate sources– Even sugar and sweetened foods can beincluded in your diet when you havediabetes.• Substitute them for another carbohydrate inyour diet now and then• These food are “empty calories” so should belimitedSource: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of theAmerican Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Consume at least 130 grams ofcarbohydrate each day– Low-carbohydrate diets are notrecommended for diabetes management– Carbohydrates contain important nutrients– Choose most of your carbohydrates fromfruits, vegetables, and whole grains.Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of theAmerican Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Use sugar substitutes if desired– Use only sugar substitutes that areapproved by the FDA– Sugar substitutes can help you enjoy sweettreats more often– Sugar substitutes don’t appear to causeweight loss or control blood sugarsSource: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of theAmerican Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Limit saturated fats, trans fat, anddietary cholesterol– These types of dietary fats and cholesterolcan contribute to heart disease, which isrelated to diabetes– When you use fats, use liquid oils insteadof solid fats when possible.
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Trans fat are produced by the foodindustry by taking liquid oils andchanging them into solid fats.– This process improves the shelf life andstability of flavors of processed foods
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Trans fats are found mainly in packaged andprocessed foods.• To limit trans fats– Limit use of packaged crackers and cookies– Limit use of commercial bakery products likecakes, cookies, etc– Use soft margarine instead of stick margarine– Read food labels for trans fats
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Dietary cholesterol is found mainly inanimal foods.– By limiting saturated fats you will also limitdietary cholesterol
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Fats are higher in calories thancarbohydrates, so eating less fat canhelp you lose weight.• Use lean meats and poultry and includefish, nuts, and legumes to help reduceyour intake of saturated fats andcholesterol
  • Nutrition Guidelines forType 2 Diabetes• Where do I start?– Talk to your doctor, dietitian, and diabeteseducator about which changes are mostimportant for you– Start slowly by changing your habits one ata time– Seek support from your dietitian and/ordiabetes support group
  • Summary• Good nutrition is one of the keys to managingType 2 Diabetes• Nutrition guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes focuson controlling carbohydrate and fat intake• Weight management and exercise are alsokey• Seek help to set and reach your nutrition andexercise goals