OBJECTIVE` OF STRUCURAL DESIGN
It should satisfy
sliding , and
Information required before starting the structural
1. A set of Architectural Drawings
2. Soil investigation report
3. Location in order to decide on wind and seismic
ASSUMPTION AND NOTATION ASSUMED
• The notation adopted throughout the work is same as
in IS 456-2000
• Partial safety factors for loads is in accordance with
clause 36.4 of IS 456-2000
• Partial safety factor for material in accordance with
clause 36.4.2 IS 456-2000 is taken as 1.5 for concrete and
1.15 for steel.
Step 1: Elementary survey
Location & Zone
Dimension of plot
Step 2: Architectural drawings.
Study the plan
for slab, beam,
If need any
Step 3:Design of Slabs.
The slabs are
designed as oneway or two-way
panels, taking the
of the supporting
The design of
floor slab is
carried out as per
clause 24.4 &
Annexure D of IS:
Deflection can be
checked as per
24.1 & Fig 4. of
Step 4: Design of Beams.
The beams are designed as continuous beams, monolithic with reinforced
concrete columns with their far ends assumed fixed.
The whole process of designing the beam is as per Clause 23 of IS:456
Step 5: Design of columns.
Columns are designed as per Clause 25 of IS
Column should be designed as axial member.
Step 6: Create engineering drawings.
Create and generate the foundation plan.
Create and generate the roof plan.
We have to show only structural components
of the building – columns, beams and slabs.
Step 7: Final check and submission.
Check all design
Remember to put
your name and
names on all
Notes can be
rough – they do
not need to be
typed – but
please make sure
that all of your
notes are neat