On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
(a) Unilateral cleft lip with alveolar involvement;
(b) bilateral cleft lip with alveolar involvement;
(c) unilateral cleft lip associated with cleft palate;
(d) bilateral cleft lip and palate; (e) cleft palate only.
Cleft lip (unilateral or bilateral)
• The abnormalities in cleft lip are the direct result
of disruption of the muscles of the upper lip and
• Involving the external nasal cartilages, nasal
septum and anterior maxilla (premaxilla).
• Cleft palate results in failure of fusion of the two
• Types: -soft palate only
- soft and hard palate.
• 3-6 months in cleft lip (One operation).
• 6-18 months in cleft palate.(one or two
Congenital anomalies of The
WILMS’ TUMOR (Nephroblastoma)
• most common childhood abdominal malignancy.
• Caused by genetic abnormalities.