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    Intercultural communication presentation Intercultural communication presentation Presentation Transcript

    • 1
    • 1.Introduction to Culture: Definitions of Culture and Why do cultures differ? 2.Types of Cultural Communication -Cross-cultural communication -International communication -Multi-cultural communication -Intercultural communication 3. What is Intercultural Communication? 4. Importance of Intercultural Communication 5. Examples for Cultural Differences in the Business World 6. Need for Intercultural Communication 7. Two Trends of Intercultural Communication: Globalisation and Multicultural Workforce 8. Factors playing roles in bringing cultures together 9. Do’s of Intercultural Communication 10. Don’ts of Intercultural Communication 11. Various Cultures, Various Dining Etiquette 12. Conclusion 13. References 2
    • Introduction to Culture What is ‘culture’? Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Today, in the United States as in other countries populated largely by immigrants, the culture is influenced by the many groups of people that now make up the country. (Kim Ann Zimmermann) Why do cultures differ? : History Educational Backgrounds Social backgrounds Ethnic Religion Ecology Technology 3
    • Various cultures in USA 4
    • Types of Cultural Communication  Cross cultural communication  International communication Multicultural communication  Intercultural communication See 1 5
    • What is Intercultural Communication in terms of Business Actions? The term "intercultural communication" is often used to refer to the wide range of communication issues that inevitably arise within an organization com of individuals from a variety of religious, social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds. Each of these individuals brings a unique set of experiences and values to the workplace, many of which can be traced to the culture in which they grew up and now operate. Businesses that are able to facilitate effective communication—both written and verbal—between the members of these various cultural groups will be far better equipped to succeed than will those organizations that allow conflicts that arise from internal cultural differences to fester and harden. The failure to address and resolve culturally based conflicts and tensions will inevitably show up in the form of diminished performance and decreased productivity. (http//www.inc.com/encyclopedia/intercultural-communicaiton.html) 6
    • Significance of Intercultural Communication in terms of Business Actions Effective intercultural communication helps to eliminate communication obstacles like language barriers and stereotypes from international business . Effective global communication can be achieved through learning about other cultures and implementing communication strategies such as reflective listening and being open-minded. (Importance of Intercultural Communication in Business | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/facts_6933179_importance-intercultural-communication- business.html#ixzz2S8Y3Zzsi) 7
    • Examples for cultural differences in the business world  Gestures  Touch  Masculinity & Feminity  Seperation of Power 8
    • Examples for Cultural differences In America, people shake hands ,and even hug each other. But in India, for example, hands are joined to say namaskar. (http://www.wikihow.com/Say-Hello-in- Different-Languages) 9
    • Need for Intercultural Communication  Success of any International business  Allows workers from different cultures to work together as a group.  Worldwide marketing campaign.  An increase in international business. 10
    • Two trends of Intercultural Communication  Globalization  Multicultural Workforce 11
    • GLOBALIZATION  Globalization refers to the reduction and removal of barriers between national borders in order to facilitate the flow of goods, capital, services and labour (http://www.worldbank.org/economi cpolicy/globalization/index.) 12
    • The term “globalization” is widely used in various sources of literature. Many authors refer to it in different ways. Croucher (2004) defines globalization as a combination of economic, technological, sociocultural and political forces. Friedman (2008) has an opinion that globalized trade, outsourcing, supply-chaining, and political forces have changed the world permanently, for both better and worse. The author states that the pace of globalization is quickening and will continue to have a growing impact on business organization and practice. Palmer (2004) defines globalization as "the elimination of state-enforced restrictions on exchanges across borders and the increasingly integrated and complex global system of production and exchange that has emerged as a result. Scholars Held and McGrew (1999) state that Globalization is „...a widening, deepening and speeding up of interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life from the cultural to the criminal, the financial to the spiritual“. 13
    • MULTICULTURAL WORKFORCE  The phrase "multicultural workforce" refers to the changing age, gender, ethnicity, physical ability, and race, of employees across all types and places of work (http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/encyclopedia/Mor- Off/Multicultural-Workforce.html) 14
    • Impact of Globalization- business sector  e.g., Import and Export of food, electronic goods, etc. to other countries.  Building a business friendly environment with other nations. 15
    • Impact of Globalization-Advancement in Film Industry  Spreading of multiculturalism, collaborations  For example: Endhiran Film was persuaded by animatronic technicians from other countries also. 16
    • Increase in international travel and tourism  Greater international travel and tourism help cultures come closer to each other.  For example: In 2004, there were over 17 million international tourist arrivals to Turkey, with a rapid growth as in 2008 the number increased to 26 million. 17
    • Global sporting events  Worldwide sporting events such as World Cup , ICC world cup and the Olympic Games. 18
    • DO’S OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION  Avoid Assumptions, jokes which are misunderstood  Use symbols, diagrams and pictures.  Avoid using slang and idioms, choosing words that will convey only the most specific meaning;  Investigate their culture's perception  Take cultural and local differences into account.  Say what you do and do what you say. Make sure that your communication is line with the audience; use understandable language.  Find out what cultural factors may hinder effective communication 19
    • DONT’S OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION  Use the same approach world-wide.  Consider traditional knowledge and practices as ‘backward’.  Let cultural differences become a source of conflict that hinder the process or work.  Fail to ignore culturally-dependent enabling and counteracting forces.  Fail to take language barriers into account. 20
    • DON’T’S OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION For example: -North Americans view direct eye contact as a sign of honesty -Asians view direct eye contact as a form of disrespect 21
    • DON’T’S OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION The thumbs up sign in America and most of Europe means that something is good, or that you approve. This sign is considered rude in many Asian and Islamic countries. Raising your hand up means stop in America or England. In some Asian countries this gesture is used when asking for permission to speak. 22
    • VARIOUS CULTURES, VARIOUS DINING ETIQUETTES  Seating  Eating  Home/restaurant  The food  Conversation  Body language 23
    • EUROPE CHINA 24
    • CONCLUSION I To put into a nutshell, Intercultural communication has existed since the earliest times of history and civilization of mankind, and if at first the means of communication involves a small number of people present, due to large developments and discoveries in science and technology, the evolution of media , the Internet has made it possible to access and create social networks and links between people from all over the globe. 25
    • CONCLUSION II Not practicing effective intercultural communication can lead to accidentally offending another individual. An organization dedicated to improving business between cultures, the consequences for such an accident can range from an embarrassing moment to the collapse of an entire business deal. 26
    • Thank You 27
    • Croucher, Sh. L. (2004). Globalization and Belonging: The Politics of Identity in a Changing World. Rowman & Littlefield.,10. Friedman T.L. (2008). The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention. Boston: Bedford, St. Martins, 49. Globalisation (2001). Retrieved March 5, 2012 from http://www1.worldbank.org/economicpolicy/globalization/index.html Gestures, Touch, Masculinity and Feminity and Separetion of Power. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/info.8020031_cultural-differences-business -communication-styles.html. On 2 April, 2013 Held, D., A. McGrew, D. Goldblatt, and J. Perraton. (1999). Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Polity and Stanford University Press. Kim Ann Zimmermann. What is culture? Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/21478-what-is-culture-definition-of-culture.html on March 4 , 2012 Palmer T.G. (2004). Globalization Is Grrrreat!. Cato Institute, 14-16. Stanford University Press. Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture. Intercultural communication. Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/encyclopedia/intercultural-communication.html on 8 April,2013 Inercultural communicaiton in the business world. Retrieved from http//www.inc.com/encyclopedia/intercultural-communicaiton.html on 8 April,2013 Multicultural workforce. Retrieved from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/encyclopedia/Mor-Off/Multicultural-Workforce.html on 9 April, 2013 Say hello in different languages. Retrieved from http://www.wikihow.com/Say-Hello-in-Different-Languages on 9 April, 2013 What is Crosscultural communication? Retrieved from http://www. Ewbs.com on 17 April, 2013 What is Intercultural communication? Retrieved from http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles on 8 April, 2013 What is International communication? Retrieved from http://www.ewb.mit.edu on 8 April, 2013 REFERENCES 28