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كيف يمهد العسكريون لانقلاباتهم
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كيف يمهد العسكريون لانقلاباتهم

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  • 1. ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻴﺴﻲ إﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫وﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ وﺣﺎﻓﻆ اﻷﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻬﺪ اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﻮن ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ؟؟‬ ‫,‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ ﺩﻓﻊ ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻠﻴﻦ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻼﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻧﻲ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ ﻣﺘﺸﺎﺑﻬﺔ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻄﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﻜﺮﺭﺓ‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻳﻤﺮ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻼﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻧﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﺓ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻣﺘﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺘﺪﺍﺧﻠﺔ‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫;‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫,‬ ‫,‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﻛﺘﻤﻬﻴﺪ ﻟﻈﻬﻮر ﻗﺎﺋﺪ اﻻﻧﻘﻼب اﻟﺒﻄﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻣﺠﺒﺮا ﻋﻠﻰ اﺳﺘﻜﻤﺎل دوره‬ ‫ً‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻃﻨﻲ ﻣﺪﻓﻮﻋﺎ ﺑﺈرادة اﻟﺠﻤﺎﻫﻴﺮ وﺿﻐﻮﻃﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫اﻻﻧﻘﻼب اﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮي ﻓﻲ ﺷﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﻴﺎدة أوﺟﺴﺘﻮ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫3‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻠﻔﺎدور‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻴﻨﺪي‬ ‫.‬ ‫$00000002‬ ‫02‬ ‫0791‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﺭﻃﺖ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻟﻤﻘﺘﻞ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﹰﹼ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻨﻴﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﻳﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻨﺪﻱ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻧﺰﻳﻬﺔ‬ ‫9991.‬ ‫.‬ ‫08‬ ‫.‬ ‫4‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻰ ﺳﺒﺘﻤﺒﺮ ﻋﺎﻡ 3791 ﺃﻋﻠﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﺃﻭﺟﺴﺘﻮ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ – ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻨﺪﻱ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺎ – ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺑﻪ، ﻭﻧﻈﺮﺍ ﻟﺘﻤﺴﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻋﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﻓﻀﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺣﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ ﻗﺼﺮ ﻟﻴﻤﻮﻧﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺑﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭﻗﺼﻔﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﺋﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺓ ﺑﺎﻗﺘﺤﺎﻣﻪ ﻟﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺟﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻨﺪﻯ ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺪﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﻬﺪﻯ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻋﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺑﻲ ﻓﻴﺪﻝ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﺮﻭ.‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫",‬ ‫"‬ ‫5‬ ‫اﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮر‬ ‫57‬ ‫,‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫0003‬ ‫;‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫7‬ ‫0891 "‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫",‬ ‫8‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ 8891 ﺃﺟﺒﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺀ ﻧﺰﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻀﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻘﺎﺏ ﻫﺒﺔ ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ، ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻻﺣﻘﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﹸ ﱢ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﻤﺤﺎﻛﻤﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ 003 ﻗﻀﻴﺔ، ﻭﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﻨﻮﺷﻴﻪ ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫6002 ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺮﺭﺓ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺮﺍﺋﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫اﻧﻘﻼب ﺣﺎﻓﻆ اﻷﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﺳﻮرﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺛﻮرة اﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ آذار,‬ ‫4691‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫;‬ ‫,‬ ‫"أﻣﻴﻦ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ"‬ ‫"اﻟﻴﻤﻴﻦ اﻟﻌﻔﻦ"‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺮﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺗﺪﺏ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﻪ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺣﻤﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺰﻳﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺮﺏ 7691 ﺑﺼﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻟﻠﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻭﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺇﺣﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﺳﺪ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ ﺳﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺠﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﻯ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﻧﻈﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻧﻲ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺏ.‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫ﻧﻮر اﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﻷﺗﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫,‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻔﺎﻗﻤــــﺖ ﺍﻟﺨﻼﻓـــــــﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺻــﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﻭﺗــﻬـــــﺎ ﻣـــــﻊ ﺃﺣــــﺪﺍﺙ »ﺃﻳﻠــــﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺳـﻮﺩ« ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺩﻥ ﻋﺎﻡ 0791،‬ ‫,‬ ‫«‬ ‫»‬ ‫,‬ ‫«‬ ‫»‬ ‫,‬ ‫وﻗﺎد اﻧﻘﻼﺑﺎ ﻋﺴﻜﺮّﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ً‬ ‫رﻓﻴﻖ درﺑﻪ »ﺟﺪﻳﺪ« ورﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮرﻳﺔ ﻧﻮراﻟﺪﻳﻦ اﻷﺗﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ 61 ﻧﻮﻓﻤﺒﺮ 0791.‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ,‬ ‫,‬ ‫أﺣﻤﺪ ﺣﺴﻦ اﻟﺨﻄﻴﺐ ﻛﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺪﻧﻲ.‬ ‫����ﭨ��اك‬ ‫,‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫"‬ ‫..‬ ‫",‬ ‫1791.‬ ‫-‬ ‫–‬ ‫-‬ ‫;‬ ‫-‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫وﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﺘﺮة ﺣﻜﻢ اﻷﺳﺪ‬ ‫اﻷب ﻣﻦ أﻛﺜﺮ اﻟﻔﺘﺮات‬ ‫دﻣﻮﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ﺳﻮرﻳﺎ‬ ‫72‬ ‫2891,‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ 04 ﺃﻟﻒ ﺳﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺰرة ﺣﻤﺎة‬ ‫03‬ ‫,‬ ‫;‬ ‫.‬ ‫256‬ ‫0002,‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﺟﻤـــﺎل ﻋﺒــﺪاﻟـﻨﺎﺻــــﺮ‬ ‫واﻧﻘﻼب ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ2591‬ ‫ﺟﻤـــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻــــﺮ‬ ‫,‬ ‫ﺑـﺜﻮﺭﺓ ٣٢ﻳﻮﻟﻴﻮ٢٥٩١‬ ‫2591‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﺠﻴﺐ ﻛﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﻣﺆﻗﺖ ﻟﻠﺒﻼﺩ –‬ ‫ﻓﺆﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫,‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫‬‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫4591‬ ‫–‬ ‫;‬‫.‬ ‫4591,‬ ‫31‬ ‫,‬ ‫,‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫,‬ ‫22‬ ‫4591,‬ ‫3‬ ‫,‬ ‫32‬ ‫0791.‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﻔﺘﺎح اﻟﺴﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺮال ﻣﺼﺮ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫, ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺳﻠﻔﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻃﺎﻣﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫,‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﺑﺢ‬ ‫0003‬ ‫3‬ ‫ﺩﻣﻮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻓـــﺮﺩ‬ ‫00002 ﻣﻌﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬