Siyana

586 views

Published on

1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • télécharger:
    http://www.tifawt.com/internet/assemblage-et-reparation-dordinateur/
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
586
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Siyana

  1. 1. : shamel.net ………………………………… : ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ٤٢٤١ ﻫـ‬ Tifawt.com -١-
  2. 2. : shamel.net ………………………………… :                        salehkey@yahoo.com  salehkey@hotmail.com     Tifawt.com -٢-
  3. 3. : shamel.net ………………………………… :         Computer          –      –     –   (١-١) ‫ﺸﻜل‬    Tifawt.com -٣-
  4. 4. : shamel.net ………………………………… :          Personal Computer ( PC ) :  – ١  Microcomputer      ( Server Computer ) : - ٢      Client   ( mainframe ) : - ٣     ( workstations )  - ٤        Tifawt.com -٤-
  5. 5. : shamel.net ………………………………… : ( Control Computer ) :  - ٥              Byte  Bits   11000110      : ( Byte )  Bits   : ( K.B )   K.B ٣   ( ١٠)  : (M.B)    ٦   ( ١٠)M.B : ( G.B )    ٩   ( ١٠) Tifawt.com -٥-
  6. 6. : shamel.net ………………………………… :        ( Hard Ware ) ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ · …  ( Soft Ware ) ‫ﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺭ ﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ·    : Hard Ware  SYSTEM UNIT ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ Output Units‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺨﺭﺍﺝ‬ Input Units ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺩﺨﺎل‬MOTHER BOARD ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‬CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU) ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯﻴﺔ‬ MOUSE ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺄﺭﺓ‬MAIN MEMORY (RAM /ROM) : ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﻜﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ KEY BOARD ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﺘﻴﺢ‬ SCREEN ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺸﺔ‬HARD DISK ( ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺒﺕ )ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺏ‬ SCANNER ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺴﺢ‬ PRINTER ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬FLOPPY DISK DRIVE ‫ﻤﺸﻐل ﺍﻷﻗﺭﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻨﺔ‬ LIGHT PEN ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻡ ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺌﻲ‬ PLOTTER ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺴﻤﺔ‬LAZER DISK DRIVE ‫ﻤﺸﻐل ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﺯﺭﻱ‬ JOYSTICK ‫ﻋﺼﺎ ﺍﻷﻟﻌﺎﺏ‬ SPEAKERS ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ DATA BUSES ‫ﻨﻭﺍﻗل ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ MICROPHONE ‫ﺍﻟﻼﻗﻁ‬POWER SUPPLY ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ CAMERA ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﻴﺭﺍ‬HARD WARE CARDS ‫ﻜﺭﻭﺕ ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬CASE ‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺴﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﻨﻲ‬ Hard Ware Soft Ware    Tifawt.com -٦-
  7. 7. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  Input Units           DIN   PS/2   USB-    keyboard  PS/2 -     Serial Port    USB -  Mouse  Parallel Port   USB -      SCSIPort   Scanner     Serial Port    LIGHT PEN    Game Port          JOYSTICK Tifawt.com -٧-
  8. 8. : shamel.net ………………………………… :              MICROPHONE     USB      CAMERA Tifawt.com -٨-
  9. 9. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  Output Units                     Monitor or Screen  Parallel Port    Serial Port        Printer  Parallel Port    Serial Port   Plotter              Speakers Tifawt.com -٩-
  10. 10. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  SYSTEM UNIT         Desk Top–  Tower Case–   ATATX  (٣-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ (٢-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ (١-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬       Female Connectors  Male Connectors     Tifawt.com - ١٠ -
  11. 11. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  parallel port        PS/2          DIN            PS/2                –  serial port                       Tifawt.com - ١١ -
  12. 12. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  USB–      Universal Serial Bus                Rj-45 :          twisted pair        SCSI port                   Tifawt.com - ١٢ -
  13. 13. : shamel.net ………………………………… :                 1      –     IDE                Tifawt.com - ١٣ -
  14. 14. : shamel.net ………………………………… :    –               –  pic connectors       Tifawt.com - ١٤ -
  15. 15. : shamel.net ………………………………… :  : MOTHER BOARD ‫١-ﻭﺤﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‬     :‫ ( ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﺴﺏ‬MOTHER BOARD) ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺠﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‬Ã   ·   ·  ·   ·    ·    ·      ·   ·  .  Tifawt.com - ١٥ -
  16. 16. : shamel.net ………………………………… : :( MOTHER BOARD)‫ﺸﻜل ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‬Ã        : (MOTHER BOARD)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻭﺤﺔ ﺍﻷﻡ‬Ã   Secondary IDEPrimary IDE (FLOPPY DISK DRIVER)  (MEMORY)   KEYBOARDPORT–  MOUSEPORT  LPT1PORT  SLOT EXPANSION   CHIPSET  BIOS   CMOS  .(PROCESSOR SOCKET)– JUMPER)    (٦-٢) ‫ﺸﻜل‬     Tifawt.com - ١٦ -
  17. 17. : shamel.net ………………………………… : (BIOS)‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ ﺍﻹﺩﺨﺎل ﻭﺍﻹﺨﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬Ã Basic Input Output System             (٧-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬     power on self testPOST          beep code   –beep codes        Tifawt.com - ١٧ -
  18. 18. : shamel.net ………………………………… :           ROM)    POST    BIOS      del PHOENIX AWARD   Tifawt.com - ١٨ -
  19. 19. : shamel.net ………………………………… : ‫( ﺴﻴﻤﻭﺱ‬CMOS) ‫ﺭﻗﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬Ã             Complementary Metal-Oxide Semi-Conductor              ·  del      ·  · VGA EGAVGA  ·   ·   ·     CLR CMOS · Tifawt.com - ١٩ -
  20. 20. : shamel.net ………………………………… : ‫ﺭﻗﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻳﻮﺱ : ﲣﺰﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻳﻮﺱ ﺣﱴ ﺗﺴﺘﺮﺟﻌﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳊﺎﺳﺐ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﻣﺔ ﻭﻻ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﻟﺒﻄﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ . ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣﱴ ﲢﺘﻔﻆ ﲟﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫" ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻳﻮﺱ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻷﻗﺮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺇﱃ‬CMOS" ‫ﺭﻗﺎﻗﺔ ﺳﻴﻤﻮﺱ‬ .‫ﺎ‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ، ﻭﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﻟﺒﻄﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺣﱴ ﲢﺘﻔﻆ ﲟﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎ‬ : ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻬﺯﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻴﺘﺤﻜﻡ ﺒﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﻭﺱ‬Ã                    F2Delsetup                (١٠-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬  Tifawt.com - ٢٠ -
  21. 21. : shamel.net ………………………………… : :( Phoenix )‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﻭﺱ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﻓﻭﻨﻴﻜﺱ‬ (F2setup   : ‫ﺃﻫﻢ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﰲ ﺷﺎﺷﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻳﻮﺱ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻓﻮﻧﻴﻜﺲ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫١- ﺍﻹﻗﻼﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﺍﳌﺮﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺪﻱ ﺭﻭﻡ‬ ‫٢- ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻮﻱ‬ ‫٣- ﺍﻟﺮﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻱ‬  MainF2  Main  BA          ‫ﻻﺣﻆ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻗﺮﺍﺹ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻭﳏﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻗﺮﺍﺹ ﺍﳌﻀﻐﻮﻃﺔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﻨﻚ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺯ‬ Tifawt.com - ٢١ -
  22. 22. : shamel.net ………………………………… : (Boot) ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﺫﻱ ﺴﻴﺘﻡ ﺍﻹﻗﻼﻉ ﻤﻨﻪ‬Ã         Boot ( ١٢-٢ ) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬    Security "AWARD ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﻭﺱ ﺸﺭﻜﺔ "ﺃﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬Ã DelAWARDsetup        Tifawt.com - ٢٢ -
  23. 23. : shamel.net ………………………………… :   ·  (١٣-٢) ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬                               Tifawt.com - ٢٣ -
  24. 24. ‫: ‪: shamel.net …………………………………‬‬ ‫· ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺴﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )٢-٤١(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )٢-٤١(‬ ‫· ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻴﻭﺱ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )٢-٥١(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل )٢-٥١(‬ ‫‪Tifawt.com‬‬ ‫- ٤٢ -‬

×