Hasnain Zafar firstname.lastname@example.org Supervisions :AP Dr. Azizah and Dr. Noorminshah
Content Introduction Research Background Problem Statement Research Question and Objective Scope and Significance of Study Literature Review Conceptual Framework Research Design MCILO Framework Preliminary Study
Mobile LearningMobile MobileLearner Device A B C Learning
Learning Object Gerard (1967) ; Wayne Hogins (1994) "any entity, digital or non-digital, that may be used for learning, education or training". (IEEE) Learning Activities content context LO
Zonal Proximal Development (ZPD) Things I can’t do Things I Can do Things I can do with little support (Vygotsky 1920)
Problem statement back ground New emerging learning landscape. Challenge can we keep curiosity alive in over achieving age? John Brown (2010) Learner is Social, Collaborative and smart hi tech. Mobile Collaborative Learning
“How to design informal Mobile learning landscape using Mobile smart devices in HE institutes?” Research Question Objectives1. How informal MCL is applied? 1. To explore the current status of Informal CL2. What are the appropriate 2. To identify appropriate learning learning activities/learning activities/learning objects for objects for informal MCL? informal MCL3. What is the role of smart mobile 3. To design new learningdevice in informal CL.? experiences supported by mobile smart devices for Informal CL.4. How informal MCL will be 4. Develop framework forconducted in context of HE. conducting Informal MCL
Significance of Research Extend the theories of learning and current status of model for implementation of mobile informal Informal mobile collaborative learning learning.will reduce the the key factors for Informal mobile collaborativepedagogical gap learning objects. to integrate mobile smart devices to education and learning
Scope of the studyDevelopment of MCL Object to support Informal learning Informal/Formal learning service provider and activities focus support to current mode of learning topedagogy, Context and learning university students theory. Not looking into technical performance of mobile smart devices.
Literature Review MobileMobile Smart Collaborative Mobile Mobile Collaborativedevices learning learning learner learning object Collaborative Hand held learning/Mobile Devices Learning Vygotsky (1978) ZPD Distance Mobile devices Memex (1945 Bush) education 1700 Communication , Computer vanish into Open collaboration (Klopfer background (Mike universities 2002) weiser 1991) 1969 MLO (Quinn 2002) Tablets, Smart devices Formal CSCL (Zurita 2007; 2010) Informal Mobile Society (Sharple Mobile 2010) Mobility as new landscape (Skipol 2010)
Research Design Research Paradiagm Desgin Paradiagm – Post Positivists Research Approach Quntitative and Qualitative Research Research Stratgy Context Action Research Research Method Activity theoryTheoritical Framework• Rresearch Method including : • Activity Theory accomplish Objective 1 , 2 ,3& 4 Research Design Details Next slide
Multi activity ,Multi role , MultiContext Activity Activity 1 II Activity III
(Tools)Instruction, trai ning ,community knowledge & experience, other technologies To integrate New User New tool new tool to (Subjects) (objectives) other activities (outcome) Governing how new (Community) Provision oftool will be used; why Facilitator, other technology training; technology it was introduced users; technology support etc. (Rules) designers& implementers- (Division of labor) contribute to “narratives of use’ Waycott, 2004
(Tools)Technological, Mobile phone/Pocket PC/Notebook/PDAs Changed Technologica New LO object(Revised l Subjects (Technological knowledge & (User) object) skills) (outcome)Technological Control (Community) Technological(Usability of device; Search , Navigate , variety Communicationaccess to materials) of devices (Wifi, Chat etc) Technological LO Appropriation
Preliminary Study Objective 1:To explore the Activity Theory Framework current status of Informal Published three papers and CL book chapter on perception of Mobile learning Objective2:. To identify Conceptual Framework appropriate learning activities/learning Key Factors for MCILO objects for informal MCL Next Tasks: Objective3:. To design MCILO factors validity check new learning Design pilot study experiences supported by mobile smart Conducting the pilot study devices for Informal CL. Published article for sharing results.