Precis Writing
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Precis Writing

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PRECI:
A précis is a clear, compact logical summary of a passage. It gives only the essential or important ideas of the original text. It is basically 1/3rd summary of the given paragraph
RULES:
1. Read Carefully: Read the passage twice or thrice carefully to summarize it. This will enable you to understand the main theme of the passage.
Example: Now we are having one example of Paragraph and we have to make précis of it
2. 2nd step is to underline the important ideas, highlight the important points and find the meanings to the difficult words.
3. OUTLINE:
Now make an outline with the help of important points underlined and
highlighted.
4. Omission:
Omit all the unnecessary information. All the adjectives and the
adverbs can also be omitted in order to make a good précis.
5. Don’t Omit
While making a précis, the writer should never omit the important points and ideas which are essential to be described.
6. Indirect Speech
A précis should be written in indirect speech. If there is direct speech in the passage, it should be changed into indirect speech. à à à
7. Tense and Person
It should be written in the third person and past tense. In the case of universal truth the present tense should be used.
8. Own Words
A précis should be written in your own words.
9. Précis of a Dialogue
The précis of a dialogue or conversation should always be expressed in form of narrative.
10. Objective Approach
A précis writer should adopt an objective approach. He should not add his personal ideas to a précis. Put all the important points and ideas in a logical order.
11. One Paragraph
There could be two or more paragraphs in the original text. While making the précis and write all the ideas in one paragraph.
12. Rough Draft
After omitting all the unnecessary ideas, the writer should prepare a
rough draft to finalize it.
13. Final Draft
Having read the rough draft and pointed out some mistakes which may be found in the rough draft, the writer can prepare the final draft.
Example Paragraph:
Trees gives shade for the benefit of others, and while they themselves stand in the sun and endure the scorching heat, they produce fruits of which others profit. The character of good mankind is that of trees. What is the use of perishable body if no use is made of it for the benefit of mankind? Sandalwood, the more it is rubbed, the more scent it does yield. Sugarcane the more it is peeled, and cut up into pieces, the more juice does it produce.

The men who are noble at heart do not lose their qualities even in losing their lives. What matters whether men praise them or not? What difference does it make whether they die at this moment or whether lives are prolonged?

Happen what may, those who tread in the right path will not set foot in any other. Life itself is unprofitable to a man who does not live for others. To live for the mere sake of living one’s life is to live the life of dog and crows. Those who lay

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Precis Writing Precis Writing Presentation Transcript

  • PRÉCIS WRITINGNAME: Hashim AnwarReg No: ME123054
  • A précis is a clear, compact logical summary ofa passage. It gives only the essential or importantideas of the original text.It is basically 1/3rd Summary of the givenparagraph
  •  Read Carefully:Read the passage twiceor thrice carefully tosummarize it.This will enableyou to understandthe main theme of the passage.
  •  Trees gives shade for the benefit of others, andwhile they themselves stand in the sun andendure the scorching heat, they produce fruitsof which others profit. The character of goodmankind is that of trees. What is the use ofperishable body if no use is made of it for thebenefit of mankind? Sandalwood, the more it isrubbed, the more scent it does yield. Sugarcanethe more it is peeled, and cut up into pieces, themore juice does it produce.CONTD.
  •  The men who are noble at heart do not loosetheir qualities even in loosing their lives. Whatmatters whether men praise them or not? Whatdifference does it make whether they die at thismoment or whether lives are prolonged?Happen what may, those who tread in the rightpath will not set foot in any other. Life itself isunprofitable to a man who does not live forothers. To live for the mere sake of living one’slife is to live the life of dog and crows. Thosewho lay down their lives for the sake of otherswill assuredly dwell forever in a world of bliss.
  •  Underline:Underline and mark the important ideasand essential points from the original text.
  •  Trees gives shade for the benefit of others, andwhile they themselves stand in the sun andendure the scorching heat, they produce fruitsof which others profit. The character of goodmankind is that of trees. What is the use ofperishable body if no use is made of it for thebenefit of mankind? Sandalwood, the more it isrubbed, the more scent it does yield. Sugarcanethe more it is peeled, and cut up into pieces, themore juice does it produce.Ability toundergoTo Feel thepainSpoiled A tree used to obtainperfumesEXAMPLE:
  •  The men who are noble at heart do not loosetheir qualities even in loosing their lives. Whatmatters whether men praise them or not? Whatdifference does it make whether they die at thismoment or whether lives are prolonged?Happen what may, those who tread in the rightpath will not set foot in any other. Life itself isunprofitable to a man who does not live forothers. To live for the mere sake of living one’slife is to live the life of dog and crows. Thosewho lay down their lives for the sake of otherswill assuredly dwell for ever in a world ofbliss.OBVIOUSLY BlessedPARADISE MOVE
  • OUTLINE:With the help of underlined ideas, draw theoutline of your précis.EXAMPLE:Character of good men is like that of trees --use ofthis perishable body if no use is it used for the benefitof mankind--men those are noble hearted do not losetheir qualities -- Those who tread in the right pathwill not set foot in any other --To live for the meresake of living one’s life is to live the life of dogs orcrows--Those who lay down their lives for the sakeof others will assuredly dwell for ever in a world ofbliss.
  • Omission:Omit all the unnecessary information or thelong phrases which could be replaced byone word.Don’t Omit:While making a précis, the writer should neveromit the important points and ideas.Size:Keep the fact in your mind that the length of theprécis should be the one third of the originalpassage.
  • Indirect Speech:A précis should be written in indirect speech.Convert direct to indirect speech.For example:He said, “I am selling my car”.He said that he was selling his car.Tense and Person:It should be written in the third person andpast tense. In the case of universal truth thepresent tense should be used.
  • Own WordsA précis should be written in your own words.Précis of a DialogueThe précis of a dialogue or conversation should alwaysbe expressed in form of narrative.Objective ApproachA précis writer should adopt an objective approach. Weshould not add his personal ideas to a précis. Put all theimportant points and ideas in a logical order.
  • One ParagraphThere could be two or more paragraphs in the originaltext. While making the précis write all the ideas in oneparagraph.Rough DraftAfter omitting all theunnecessary ideas, thewriter should prepare arough draft to finalize it.
  • Final DraftHaving read the rough draft and pointed out somemistakes which may be found in the rough draft, thewriter can prepare the final draft.
  • EXAMPLE:The character of good men is like that of trees. They livefor others and do not lose their qualities even in losingtheir lives. They always follow the right path. Praise isimmaterial to them To live for one’s own sake is to leadthe life of beasts. Only those who lay down their lives forothers will live forever in a world of bliss.
  • • CONCLUSION