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Smart schools new Smart schools new Document Transcript

  • DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS UNIVERSITI PENDIDIKAN SULTAN IDRIS ASSIGNMENT (ESSAY PBL) SSI3013 : INFORMATION COMMUNICATION AND TECHNOLOGY Semester I Session 2012/2013NAME AND ID NUMBER 1. NUR WAHIDAH BT SAMI’ON D20101037525 2. NOR HASHIMAH BT ZAITONG D20101037458 3.NUR ASHIKIN BT ALIAS D20101037459LECTURER : MR.AZMI BIN IBRAHIMGROUP :BDATE OF SUBMITTED : 05 OCTOBER 2012 1
  • 1.0 Introduction MSC Malaysia, formerly known as the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), is a nationalinitiative spearheaded by the Malaysian Government to promote both the national ICT industryand provide a test-bed for the global ICT industry. MSC Malaysia provides a conducive enablingenvironment designed to facilitate companies to harness the full potential of ICT and multimediatechnologies. With its ideal business environment coupled with availability of talent resources,the MSC Malaysia has attracted participation from major global ICT companies to develop andhost their leading-edge technologies in the designated MSC Malaysia Cyber cities. MSCMalaysia also provides the ideal growth environment for Malaysian ICT SMEs to transformthemselves into world-class companies. In late 1996, the Smart School project was introduced as one of the seven Flagshipapplications of the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), a gargantuan government project thataims at building Malaysia’s capability in the ICT area. The Smart School Flagship wasconceptualized out of the vital necessity for Malaysia to make the critical transition from anindustrial economy to a leader in the Information Age. Education is the vehicle for thefundamental shift towards a more technologically literate, thinking workforce, which is able toperform in a global work environment and use the tools available in the Information Age. The Smart School Flagship aims to reinvent the educational system in Malaysia in orderto ensure the achievement of Vision 2020. The Ministry of Education (MOE) implements theSmart School Flagship through a partnership between the Government, the private sector and theMultimedia Development Corporation (MDC). The Smart School Flagship will help children topractice self-paced, self-accessed, and self-directed learning. Students will learn at their ownpace, learn to access information from various sources independent of the teacher, and learn toexplore topics of interest outside the curriculum. 2
  • 2.0 Smart School initiatives The Malaysian Smart school initiative began in 1999. The intention was to equipMalaysia schools with an impressive array of information technology (IT) facilities and to bringabout associated innovation in teaching and learning as well as to equip Malaysian children withnecessary skills to be effective in a modern society. First, we will focus on pedagogical changes which teachers had to be bringing about andhow to enact them. Teachers needed to understand the purpose of the innovation and should givetheir support to enable it to happen. The Smart School pedagogy should make learning moreinteresting, motivating, stimulating and meaningful. It involves the children minds, spirit, andbodies in the learning process by build basic skills to prepare children for greater challenges. The pedagogy shall use an appropriate mix of learning strategies to ensure mastery ofbasic competencies and promote holistic development. For example, the teacher can applydifferent method of teaching and learning by put the roles of students and teachers in classroomenvironment in a right way. Here are the range from those completely teacher centred to thoseentirely student centred. In the learning depend on teacher centred, the learning objectives onlycan be established by teacher. The determination of instructional tasks also only the teachers aredetermined. The resources for learning were selected by teachers and not by the students. Thestudents only depend on teachers to give them knowledge. Another type of learning is gives roles to teacher as mentor and model. The learningobjectives were established by teacher, it stills same as teacher centred learning. Thedeterminations of instructional tasks were suggested by teacher and students have been given todiscuss tasks that suitable to be including in their learning process. This will give students chanceto make their learning more creative and interesting. The resources for teaching and learning aresuggested by teacher and open to student to give their opinion to choose their resource forlearning. Then, teacher plays a role as coach or facilitator. In this situation, the learning objectivesare established through discussion between student and teacher. Teacher act as a guide tostudents and ensure that they understand the objectives must be achieve. For the instructionaltasks, it was determined by students with teacher suggestion and input. Teacher plays their role 3
  • to encourage students have a guideline. The selection of resources for task also selected bystudents and teacher only give suggestion and input. The teacher role in this type of learning isalmost the same as student centred learning. The classroom atmosphere is important to support the Smart school teaching andlearning. For instance, students and teacher must create an atmosphere of respect and rapportinteraction. They also must establish a culture for learning to make balance between process andcontent in learning. The teacher must be innovative to manage student behaviour by be sensitiveand give appropriate response to student misbehaviour. The Smart school teaching and learning materials will support the new teaching andlearning strategies for Smart School. The first characteristics is meets curricular and instructionalneeds, is cost effective, as well as cosmetically and technically adequate. The material use mustbe clear and comprehensive to make the process of learning more effective. The materials alsomust have it own manuals and guides. It can prevent from misuse of the materials. Thecomponent use must have cost effectiveness to avoid from wasting money. The price must berelevant to the quality of the component. Then, the Smart School teachers will be enabled, through use of technology, to considerstudents individual learning preferences in designing and recommending instructional methodsand materials. The methods and materials use have to be cognitively challenging, attractive,motivates students to learn, and encourages active participants. It is because the students havedifferent learning styles and they need a variety of materials to maximise their learning potential.For example, conventional media is commonly used in today educational settings, still a featurein Smart Schools. It is used in an integrated manner with high-technology media such ascomputer based teaching and learning materials. Teachers can use software that fulfils various needs and capabilities of students. Forstudents that have Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence, teacher can use software that can hands onconstruction kits that interface with computers. They can use motion simulation games to attractthem learning more interesting. Another type of software is virtual and reality system software. Itcan help students to experience learning in reality. For students that have Logical-MathematicalIntelligence they are very comfortable to learning in number and logic. There are many software 4
  • are recommended for them such as Mathematical skills tutorials. This tutorial can examine theirunderstanding. Other software is logic games can make students thinking creatively. The Smart School Curriculum is designed according to best practices of other successfulSmart schools. It is incorporating elements that will enable the education system to achieve thegoals of the National Philosophy of Education. The curriculum was designed to help studentsachieve overall and balanced development. This will encourage students to not only focus onacademic only. For instance in communication skills, from curriculum they can learn effectiveoral and written communication in Malay and English as a second language. Students also canemphasize multiple language, interpersonal skills and networking. Other than that, students alsocan develop their emotional. It can instil moral and religious values by emphasize adaptabilityteam player characteristics, emotional balance and emotional intelligence. Students can developsocial skills to instil their responsibility and consciousness of health and environmental issues. In addition, variety of skills, knowledge and values elements that get from study can formnew curriculum for Smart School. Students can learn to integrate of knowledge, skills, valuesand correct use of language through curriculum. The examples of skills that can develop bystudents are creative and critical thinking skills. This can encourage students thinking beyondtheir knowledge that getting in class. Students can improve their knowledge of problem savings.For example, the teacher gives them question and let them to find the answer according to thecreativity. The values can be taken from curriculum activity such as respect and love. Studentscan learn how to respect other people in their organisation and love them like a family. The curriculum design for Smart Schools also incorporate elements of vertical andhorizontal integration. Curriculum reflects vertical integration by allowing high fliers to surfthrough their schooling years without being kept apart from their peers in virtual express class.For example, each subject is divided into different learning areas. For the horizontal integration,curriculum reflects features of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. Amultidisciplinary approach is one in which two or three subject areas are combined in a singlelearning area that focuses on a theme, issue, problem, topic and concept. In addition, the Smart School curriculum programme can provide activities that reinforceclassroom learning, as well as make schooling fun and interesting. For example, community 5
  • service activity will encourage them to respect and care about other people. Students can learnhow to interact with the person older than them. The cultural activities allow students to knowmore about their culture and learn other culture. Recreational activities can make students feelfun when they enjoy with their activities. They can release tension when they had faced schoolday for 5 days.3.0 Use of Technology as Enablers in Smart School Concept The technologies and infrastructure are required for the teaching and learning,management, the connectivity to the external constituencies and the Educational Networkconnecting the Smart schools all over the country. There are the implications of usingInformation Technology (IT) in the Smart School management system. In financial management,teachers can use computer communication to link the schools databases to facilitate budgeting,accounting and reporting. They can manage financial of school more accurately and effectively. For school governance, students and teacher can use IT to communicate through videoconferencing to link the school to the Ministry of Education for administration and policyimplementation purposes. Teachers also can use student affairs by using databases to maintainstudent profile. In the profile it contains student data about their achievement in academic andcurriculum. It is easy for teachers to access their students profile when needed. For securitymanagement, also can use IT for helps schools databases to the District Education Officer forsecurity management purposes. Furthermore, IT also gives implications on teaching and learning process in SmartSchool. For example IT can enable students to have self exploratory learning. This requiredevery computer shall have access to the latest educational materials available locally, as well asto external resources. It also can enable students to have distance learning. They cancommunicate with outside constituencies through e-mail, video on demand and broadcast.Student also can do collaborative learning that can facilitate them group work within the classand across classes. This application can let them to make brainstorming within student indifferent school. They can exchange experience and ideas to make their study more interactive In addition, experiential learning will be more interesting and fun when using IT. Theyuse simulation software and virtual reality to stimulate learning. Students can have self 6
  • experience in doing the experiment. Teachers can do electronic assessment to check their studentachievement. Teachers can develop the online assessment via a standard database and builtassessment courseware. They can get data faster and accurately. Other than that, inclusiveeducations also included in the IT products as a tool to help students with disabilities cope withlearning more effectively. Then, the Information Technology also cans linkages to External Constituencies. Incommunity, the Smart School is a community centre to enable community involvement in schoolactivities. This situation can attract community to know more about Smart School withoutfeeling awkward. The community can also use the Smart School as an on going learning centre.At homes, IT can enable students to do distance learning to ensure them to keep track of schoolwork even when they are not physically in school. Parents can access the school for feedback ontheir children progress. Their parents also can ask teachers about student achievement and doingdiscussion if they have a problems.4.0 Overview Of The ProgressIn June 2010, smart technologies announce SMART classroom suite 2010 interactive learningsoftware. SMART Classroom offers an integrated solution that enablers teacher to easily manageand asses the entire class while addressing the needs of individuals students. The softwarecombines Classroom management, assessment , lesson creation and assignment tools in oneoffering. The latest version of SMART Classroom Suite features a number of upgrades,including improved wireless capability, greater support for formative assessment andenhancements to Teacher Tolls.The Smart Schools Achievements in 2007 and Outlook for 2008.Various initiatives were conscientiously put out and implemented throughout the Financial Year 2007 toachieve its Key Performance Indexes (KPIs) for the year. A broad target was set to transform 47 schoolsin the flagship program into five star rated smart schools. The following 5 Year KPIs were addressed andmuch was achieved in FY 2007. 7
  • 4.1 Increasing Usage and Adoption in terms of Utilizationa. Online and onsite monitoring program using the SSQSA two pronged monitoring program was carried out, namely in the form of a survey based on the SSQS,(Smart School Quality Standards) launched earlier this year, as well as monthly site visits to each of the47 schools, since March 2007. By October 2007, 376 reports were collected.Based on the survey, results show that 25 schools have conclusively achieved 5 star rating, while 16schools managed to reach a 4 star rating. 4 of the remaining number of schools obtained 3 stars while thebalance achieved 2 star ratings. All 47 schools have school-based strategies and action plans in place.b. Programmed Management of Enhancement and Deployment of TechnologyThe Centralized Services Desk, was set up in the Endeavour to manage the efforts in the enhancement anddeployment of technology. During the year, an inventory audit was carried out and completed on 6 pilotsites. The structure and the functions of the CSD were also identified. Due to the success of theprogrammed it is envisaged that by January 2008, all 88 smart schools will have their own CSDs.4.2. Increase usage and adoption in terms of Human CapitalA. Develop and execute international conferenceThe Smart School International Conference (SSIC) was organized with great success on 16-18th April,2007. The conference was graced by 300 participants from 32 countries throughout the world. During theconference 44 papers on worldwide practices were presented by various practitioners. During the courseof the event, new alliances and friendships were forged while existing relations were galvanized, for thebenefit of the smart school program.B. Develop and conduct professional development programs for smart schoolsFor the year 2007 591 teachers have been empowered with the relevant skills to innovate teaching andlearning via these programs. During the year 6 training modules for integration of ICT-based content inteaching and learning were developed for various subjects, namely BM, English, Mathematics, Science,History, Islamic Education & GeographyFor the year 2008 a target of 880 teachers to be empowered by this program has been set. 8
  • 5.0 Challenges faced since the inception of Smart Schools in Malaysia The idea of development of Smart School in Malaysia is one of good effort for ourcountry’s education system. In order to realize the concepts, there are lots of cost thatgovernments have spend on it for effective smart school to build a new school with wellequipped infrastructure, to upgrade facilities and to introduce the new technology. Thus, weshould appreciate all these things. However, the development will directly affects the educationin Malaysia. It can be seen when there are such problems and challenges that have to faced dueto the implementation of these system. One of the challenges is smart school teacher development. This is because as we knowteacher is the one that will delivers smart school teaching. Being a technology-based education,they needs a versatile teacher which expert in many area of knowledge and skills. However,there are some of the teachers have no formal learning to use the technologies. As we know, theteachers comes from different educational background. For the teacher who are fresh graduatedfrom the university, it might not a big problem for them because nowadays in the university,most of learning process, tests and assignments based on technologies. So, they are quiet familiarwith the technology. This is different with most of the senior teacher who more prefer traditionalmethod ‘chalk and talk’ to teach their students. They might not interested to use technologyduring teaching-learning process. This is because they are not ready to change their mindset tolearnt new ICT programmed and to achieve the objective of smart school concept. Thus, theteacher should be given an intensive training in ICT and technology integration in classroom toenhance thinking skills and creativity. The teacher also is allow to explore the technology andthen they can accept the reality that they have to faced as an excellent teacher. They have to takeall the challenges. The learning process is not stop until here but the teacher have to learnt itfrom time to time and they have to practice in class so that they will become more confident touse ICT during teaching-learning process. Moreover, the students do not understand about the smart school concepts. This isbecause there are already suit with existing education system since the first time they enters theschool. The teachers are responsible to inform to their student about the goals of smart school,the unique features of smart school and try to expain to them about the different between smartschool and other national school. While, the current schooling system is the students are placed 9
  • in the classroom which lack of individual need ands capabilities. As we know, every studentshave their own strengths and weakness and they are different in their learning styles either basedon audio, visual or kinesthetic. Sometimes, the students are passive during the teaching-learningprocess because they are lack of knowledge. Supposedly, in the class, the students have to opentheir mind and give feedback or share any ideas with their teachers and friends. From here, theteacher will know either they are understand or not. Thus, the environment will not so bored andteaching-learning process wills more interesting and effective. So, smart school process will helpby changing the way of children are taught and all are based on the students ability. As we know,one of the smart school concept are helps the students to achieve overall balances developmentand integrate knowledge, skills, values, and use correct language. Besides that, these are trainingthe student to be independent and they enjoyed the teaching-learning process. Smart school alsoencourage the students to work in group in order to solve the tasks that have been given by theteacher. Nevertheless, the challenges are parents are not involved. As we know, parents play animportant role in achieving the aspirations of the smart schools. Nowadays, people are like tospend most of their time with doing their work until they forgot about their family. As parents,they have to be more responsible and always monitor their children’s behavior. For those parentsthat have no many time to keep on their children, they can send e-mail to the class teacher andmake an appointment to discuss their children progress in school. Children needs to be guide,motivate and counsel to ensure that they always keep in their mind that their parents sent them toschool for studies and to be a good person in the future. It is not only that, parents also can takepart in school activities in order to build a good relationship among parents and teachers. Parentsalso can participate in smart school conference so they can get the information about smartschool concepts and directly support or contribute to the development of their children multipleintelligent. Parents involvement helps in children’s education. 10
  • 6.0 Conclusion In conclusion, as Malaysia want to fulfill Vision 2020, Ministry of Education intends totransform the education system. The transformation will change the culture of the school whichwill shift from memory based-learning pattern for most of the student to the education that willenhance students to think, to be creative, caring with others and be more rational. Here, thestudents are required to be responsible on their own education while seeking more activeparticipation from their parents and others. Thus, as we want to realize the Smart School Concept in our education system, everyonehave to give a good cooperation. Ministry of education have to look forward in rolling out theSmart Schools initiatives with supports from others party. However, teachers are the one thatplays a major role in order to ensure these concepts are success because they are the one that willdeliver the teaching process. It is significant to ensure that curriculum innovation is worthy of itsimplementation in order to enhance pupil progress, achievement and development of pupilsaccording to gender, ethnicity, social economic status and background of study. 11