The Sounds of Language


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The Sounds of Language

  1. 1. Page 1 The Sounds ofThe Sounds of LanguageLanguage Presenter: Nadeem Anjum (M.A. English, 2nd Semester, Roll#1)
  2. 2. Page 2 • Scientific study of production, transmission & reception of human speech sounds PhoneticsPhonetics
  3. 3. Page 3 Branches of PhoneticsBranches of Phonetics • Articulatory Phonetics (Production) • Acoustic Phonetics (Transmission) • Auditory Phonetics (Reception)
  4. 4. Page 4
  5. 5. Page 5
  6. 6. Page 6 Consonant SoundsConsonant Sounds Consonant sounds can be classified according to three dimensions: 1.Voicing (voiceless or voiced) 2.The Place of Articulation (where the sound is made) 3.The Manner of Articulation (how the sound is made)
  7. 7. Page 7
  8. 8. Page 8 VoicingVoicing • A sound is voiced if the vocal cords vibrate. • A sound is voiceless if the vocal cords are not vibrating.
  9. 9. Page 9 Place of ArticulationPlace of Articulation 1. BilaBial- two lips touching each other 2. laBio dental- lower lip touches the upper teeth 3. dental- tip of the tongue and the inner edge of the upper teeth 4. alveolar- tip of the tongue and hard palate
  10. 10. Page 10 5. Palatal- the tongue and hard palate 6. velar- dorsal tongue and soft palate 7. Glottal- throat passage
  11. 11. Page 11
  12. 12. Page 12 Manner of ArticulationManner of Articulation 1. StopS/ploSiveS- These are the sounds produced when the air stream is blocked completely before it is abruptly released. 2. FricativeS- These are the sounds produced when the air stream is compressed and passes through a small opening creating friction. The sounds
  13. 13. Page 13 3.aFFricateS- These are the sounds produced when a plosive is followed by a fricative. 4. NaSalS- These are the sounds produced when the oral cavity is blocked, and so the air passes through the nose.
  14. 14. Page 14 5. lateral- Sounds are produced when air stream moves around the tongue in an obstructed manner. 6. approximaNt- Sounds that are close to vowel sounds.
  15. 15. Page 15 What You Need to Know forWhat You Need to Know for VowelsVowels • FRONT/CENTRAL/BACK: These three refers to the position of the tongue from front to back of the mouth during the production of the sound. • HIGH/MID/LOW: This designation refers to whether the lips are rounded (O shape) or spread (no rounding) when the sound is being made.
  16. 16. Page 16 /a /ʊ /a /ɪ / /ɔɪ /e /ɪ DiphthongsDiphthongs
  17. 17. Page 17 ActivityActivity
  18. 18. Page 18 Consonant sound IPA Voicing Place of Articulation Manner of Articulation s sh th th ch zh j ng y t
  19. 19. Page 19 Consonant sound IPA Voicing Place of Articulation Manner of Articulation s s Voiceless Alveolar Fricative sh ʃ Voiceless Palatal Fricative th θ Voiceless Dental Fricative th ð Voiced Dental Fricative ch tʃ Voiceless Palatal affricative zh ʒ Voiced Palatal Fricative j dʒ Voiced Palatal Affricative ng ŋ Voiced Velar Nasal y j Voiced Palatal Glides t t Voiceless Alveolar Stops
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