• Like
Infection   oms
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Published

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
37
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  Infection  Trait  Arising  Mutation  Diagnosis  Treatment Conception Anatomy Route Influence factors Principles Principles
  • 2. Infectious agent(bacteria) Host Inflammatory reaction protective and defensive Beneficial Elimination the infectious pathogen Repair tissue injury Harmful Hypersensitivity Autoimmune disease
  • 3. Oral and nasal cavity  Tooth  Space  Blood and Lymphoid system  Bacteria 
  • 4. Bacteria---Exist Oral and nasal cavity  Maxillary sinus  Temperature + Moisture (Beneficial) Reproduction + Developing
  • 5. Tooth Caries Alveolar bone Pulpitis Soft tissue Apical infection Facial space
  • 6. Fascial space ---loose connective tissue Among skin, maxillary and muscle •Purulent--- spreading way •Do not exist in healthy state •Become filling during infection
  • 7. Blood and lymphoid system Beneficial Abundance Harmful Cavernous sinus thrombosis Encephalic infection Dangerous triangle •Lacking valves •Cavernous sinus
  • 8. Micro Flora   Varied Numerous • Sterile • Simple • Complex     Streptococcus hemolyticus Staphylococcus aureus Escherichia coli Anaerobe
  • 9.  Odontogenic infection  Adenogenous infection  Traumatic infection  Hematogenous infection  Iatrogenic infection
  • 10. • Periapical infection • Pericoronitis
  • 11. Fistular Cellulitis Intraoral soft tissue abscess Septicemia Acute-chronic Periapical infection Deep fascial space infection Osteomyelitis Ascending facialcerebral infection
  • 12. Lower third molar
  • 13.  Local Signs and Symptoms  Systemical Signs and Symptoms
  • 14. Locally Pain  Swelling  Surface erythema  Pus formation  Limitation of motion 
  • 15.      Fever Lymphadenopathy Malaise Toxic appearance Elevated white blood cell count
  • 16. Acute stage  Chronic stage 
  • 17. Host  Antibiotic therapy  Surgical drainage and incision 
  • 18. Defense Mechanisms   Migration of white blood cell Production of antibodies Critical Principles   Most important factor --- final outcome The infections--- cured by the host, not by antibiotics
  • 19. Antibiotic era causative organism  sensitivity  specific, narrow-spectrum antibiotic  least toxic antibiotic  drug history(success, allergic and toxic) 
  • 20. Proper dose  Proper time interval  Proper route of administration(oral, parenteral)  Combination antibiotic therapy 
  • 21. How to judge the pus formation?  Purposes of surgical drainage and incision  Principles of surgical drainage and incision 
  • 22. Characteristic Three stages Inoculation     Cellulitis Abscess   Duration--- >5 days Palpation---Fluctuant Appearance---Reddened Needle aspiration B-ultrasound CT
  • 23. Rid the body of toxic purulent material  Decompress the tissues  Allowing better perfusion of blood containing antibiotics and defensive elements  Increased oxygenation of the infected area 
  • 24. Ludwig’s angina
  • 25. Place the incision in an esthetically acceptable  Place the incision in a dependent position to encourage drainage by gravity  Dissect bluntly through deeper tissues and explore all portions of the abscess  Place a drain and stabilize it with sutures 
  • 26. Principles of surgical drainage & incision
  • 27. Chronic stage Surgical removal of the focus  Lesion tooth---Impacted tooth  Osteomyelitis
  • 28. Infection in oral & maxillo-facial region The trait of Infection  Odontogenic infection  mutation of infectious  Diagnosis of the infection  Diagnosis of the abscess formation  The principles of the treatment 